grandchild grandparent 101 realizations
NEW Realization 1
Type Polysemy
Language Alune
Lexeme upu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Polysemy
Language Ambulas (Abelam)
Lexeme maamu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference Kundama et al. 1987: 48
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 3
Type Polysemy
Language Ambulas (Abelam)
Lexeme waraga
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference Kundama et al. 1987: 88
Comment
NEW Realization 4
Type Polysemy
Language Amis
Lexeme fofo
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment
NEW Realization 5
Type Polysemy
Language Bima (Austronesian)
Lexeme oᵐpu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandfather
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 6
Type Polysemy
Language Bima (Austronesian)
Lexeme waʔi
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandmother
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 7
Type Syncretism
Language Bontok
Lexeme ʔápu
Meaning 1 grandchild, great grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent, great grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment

term of address for all of one's relatives at the second (or greater) ascending or descending generation

NEW Realization 8
Type Polysemy
Language Buli (Indonesia)
Lexeme bu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment
NEW Realization 9
Type Polysemy
Language Buru
Lexeme opo
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 10
Type Polysemy
Language Casiguran Dumagat
Lexeme apó
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment
NEW Realization 11
Type Polysemy
Language Central Masela
Lexeme ˈmɛm+ni
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 12
Type Polysemy
Language Dai
Lexeme mɛmˈbi+on
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 13
Type Polysemy
Language Deing
Lexeme taler
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandfather
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 14
Type Polysemy
Language Deing
Lexeme tapis
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandmother
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 15
Type Syncretism
Language Dibabawon
Lexeme apu-ʔ
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment
NEW Realization 16
Type Polysemy
Language Djaru
Lexeme ɖamiji
Meaning 1 grandchild (daughter's son, daughter's daughter)
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent (mother's father, mother's father's brother)
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment

Tsunoda, T. (1980) The Djaru language of Kimberley, Western Australia, Pacific Linguistics B-98, Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. P. 11-13.

NEW Realization 17
Type Polysemy
Language Djaru
Lexeme gilagi
Meaning 1 grandchild (son's son, son's daughter)
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent (father's father, father's father's brother)
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment

Tsunoda, T. (1980) The Djaru language of Kimberley, Western Australia, Pacific Linguistics B-98, Canberra: Pacific Linguistics. P. 11-13.

NEW Realization 18
Type Polysemy
Language Dobel (Kobro’or)
Lexeme sabu+m
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 19
Type Polysemy
Language Donggo
Lexeme ompu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 20
Type Syncretism
Language Doromu-Koki
Lexeme aufa
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference Bradshaw 2021: 15
Comment Also bobada 'person three generations removed from ego; great grandparent/ great grandchild'
NEW Realization 21
Type Syncretism
Language Doromu-Koki
Lexeme bobada
Meaning 1 great grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 great grandparent
Reference Bradshaw 2021
Comment
NEW Realization 22
Type Polysemy
Language Emplawas
Lexeme ˈmemi+ɛʔ
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 23
Type Polysemy
Language Ende (Flores island)
Lexeme əᵐbu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 24
Type Polysemy
Language Fataluku
Lexeme t͡ɕaˈluwɛ
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 25
Type Syncretism
Language Fordata
Lexeme ubu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment Also bubu 'reciprocal term of address between grandparents and grandchildren'
ACCEPTED Realization 26
Type Polysemy
Language Gizzra
Lexeme boba (term of address), bobat (term of reference)
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment

Van Bodegraven Nico, van Bodegraven Elly. Gizrra-English Dictionary 24

ACCEPTED Realization 27
Type Polysemy
Language Grass Koiarj
Lexeme ivahika
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference Dutton 2003: 93
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 28
Type Polysemy
Language Grass Koiarj
Lexeme vahi, vahika
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference Dutton 2003: 189
Comment
NEW Realization 29
Type Syncretism
Language Hanunoo
Lexeme umpút
Meaning 1 great-grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 great-grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment

reciprocal term

NEW Realization 30
Type Polysemy
Language Hawu (Sabu)
Lexeme epu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment
NEW Realization 31
Type Polysemy
Language Ilocano
Lexeme apó
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment
NEW Realization 32
Type Polysemy
Language Imroing
Lexeme ˈup+e
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 33
Type Polysemy
Language Isneg (Isnag)
Lexeme āpó
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment
NEW Realization 34
Type Polysemy
Language Itbayaten
Lexeme apo
Meaning 1 grandchild, great grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent, great grandparten
Reference ACD
Comment

vocative only

NEW Realization 35
Type Polysemy
Language Kamaru
Lexeme waowa
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 36
Type Polysemy
Language Kambowa
Lexeme oᵐpu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandmother
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 37
Type Polysemy
Language Kankanaey
Lexeme apó
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 38
Type Polysemy
Language Kâte
Lexeme ŋosa
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandfather
Reference Flierl, Strauss 1977: 251
Comment apa 'great grandparent , gread grandchild' page 7
NEW Realization 39
Type Polysemy
Language Kâte
Lexeme apa
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference Flierl, Strauss 1977: 7
Comment
NEW Realization 40
Type Cognates
Language 1 Kawi (Old Javanese)
Language 2 Simeulue (Simalur)
Lexeme ituŋ
Meaning 1 great-great grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 (Lekon dial.) grandmother
Reference ACD
Comment
NEW Realization 41
Type Syncretism
Language Kei
Lexeme ubu-n
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment
NEW Realization 42
Type Polysemy
Language Keo (Nagé-Kéo)
Lexeme eᵐbu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 43
Type Polysemy
Language Komodo
Lexeme uᵐpu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0 ACD
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 44
Type Polysemy
Language Komodo
Lexeme wai
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandmother
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

ACCEPTED Realization 45
Type Syncretism
Language Kyaka
Lexeme apusi
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandmother
Reference Draper & Draper 2002: 90
Comment
NEW Realization 46
Type Syncretism
Language Lakalai
Lexeme pupu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment

reciprocal term of address

NEW Realization 47
Type Polysemy
Language Liabuku
Lexeme waowa
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandmother
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 48
Type Polysemy
Language Lio
Lexeme mamo
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 49
Type Polysemy
Language Luang (Wetan)
Lexeme ˈupə
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

ACCEPTED Realization 50
Type Polysemy
Language Mairasi
Lexeme avu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference Peckham: 72
Comment
NEW Realization 51
Type Polysemy
Language Makasae
Lexeme dada
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 52
Type Polysemy
Language Manggarai
Lexeme əᵐpo
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0 ACD
Comment

CLICS-3

Also 'ancestor; taboo for a given clan (as certain animals); name for calling the spirits; nickname for crocodile; refined term for male and female genitals; very old'

NEW Realization 53
Type Polysemy
Language Maranao
Lexeme apo-ʔ
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 ancestor
Reference ACD
Comment
NEW Realization 54
Type Polysemy
Language Mongondow
Lexeme ompu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandfather
Reference ACD
Comment
NEW Realization 55
Type Polysemy
Language Moskona (Meninggo, Sabena)
Lexeme medina
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 56
Type Syncretism
Language Mota
Lexeme pupu-a
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment

reciprocal term of address

NEW Realization 57
Type Polysemy
Language Mota
Lexeme t-upu-i
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment
NEW Realization 58
Type Polysemy
Language Muna
Lexeme awa
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandmother
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 59
Type Polysemy
Language Nage
Lexeme əˈbu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

East Nage

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 60
Type Polysemy
Language Nali
Lexeme tubru
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 61
Type Polysemy
Language Narak
Lexeme apóna
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandmother
Reference Hainsworth et al. 2019: 83
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 62
Type Polysemy
Language Narak
Lexeme kokáye
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandfather
Reference Hainsworth et al. 2019: 320
Comment
NEW Realization 63
Type Polysemy
Language Nedebang
Lexeme gətaja
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandmother
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 64
Type Syncretism
Language Nehan (Nissan)
Lexeme tubu-
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment

reciprocal term

ACCEPTED Realization 65
Type Polysemy
Language Ngardi
Lexeme kilaki
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference Cataldi 2011: 122
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 66
Type Polysemy
Language Ngardi
Lexeme kumpurru
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference Cataldi 2011: 136
Comment
NEW Realization 67
Type Polysemy
Language Ngarluma
Lexeme mayili
Meaning 1 grandson (son's son)
Direction
Meaning 2 grandfather (father's father)
Reference Dixon et al. 2008: 24
Comment
NEW Realization 68
Type Polysemy
Language Ngarluma
Lexeme mabuji
Meaning 1 grandson (daughter's son)
Direction
Meaning 2 grandfather (mother's father)
Reference Dixon et al. 2008: 21
Comment
NEW Realization 69
Type Polysemy
Language Ngarluma
Lexeme nhugunuwarra
Meaning 1 son's son (in relation to his paternal grandfather); daughter's daughter (in relation to her paternal grandmother); daughter's son (thami) (in relation to his maternal grandfather); son's daughter (gantharri) (in relation to her maternal grandmother)
Direction
Meaning 2 paternal grandfather (in relation to his son's son); paternal grandmother (in relation to her daughter's daughter);.maternal grandfather (in relation to his daughter's son); maternal grandmother (in relation to her son's daughter)
Reference Dixon et al. 2008: 33
Comment
NEW Realization 70
Type Polysemy
Language Ngarluma
Lexeme thami
Meaning 1 grandson (daughter's son).
Direction
Meaning 2 maternal grandfather
Reference Dixon et al. 2008: 35
Comment
NEW Realization 71
Type Polysemy
Language Ngarluma
Lexeme gantharri
Meaning 1 granddaughter (son's daughter)
Direction
Meaning 2 maternal grandmother
Reference Dixon et al. 2008: 13
Comment
NEW Realization 72
Type Polysemy
Language Ngarluma
Lexeme ngabari
Meaning 1 granddaughter (daughter's daughter)
Direction
Meaning 2 grandmother (father's mother)
Reference Dixon et al. 2008: 27
Comment
NEW Realization 73
Type Syncretism
Language Numfor (Biak)
Lexeme k-epu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment
NEW Realization 74
Type Polysemy
Language Paiwan
Lexeme vuvu
Meaning 1 grandchildren
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparents
Reference ACD
Comment
NEW Realization 75
Type Polysemy
Language Palawan Batak
Lexeme ʔapó-ʔ
Meaning 1 grandson
Direction
Meaning 2 grandfather
Reference ACD
Comment
NEW Realization 76
Type Polysemy
Language Palu'e
Lexeme puː
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 77
Type Polysemy
Language Pancana
Lexeme wauwa
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandmother
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

Kampeonaho

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 78
Type Polysemy
Language Pancana
Lexeme oᵐpu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

Labundoua and Todanga

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 79
Type Polysemy
Language Rembong
Lexeme oᵐpu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0 ACD
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 80
Type Polysemy
Language Rongga
Lexeme əᵐbu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 81
Type Syncretism
Language Sarangani Manobo
Lexeme apo-ʔ
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment
NEW Realization 82
Type Polysemy
Language Serua
Lexeme ˈupnu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandmother
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 83
Type Polysemy
Language Southeast Babar
Lexeme mɛˈmɛm
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 84
Type Syncretism
Language Taba (East Makian, Makian Dalam)
Lexeme bbu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment
NEW Realization 85
Type Polysemy
Language Takia
Lexeme tbu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference World Loanword Database
Comment

CLICS-3

ACCEPTED Realization 86
Type Polysemy
Language Tamil
Lexeme peyartti
Meaning 1 granddaughter
Direction
Meaning 2 grandmother
Reference Tamil lexicon: 2863
Comment Meaning 1: "Grand-daughter, as bearing the same name as her grandmother". The form made by derivation from the lexeme "peyar" meaning "name".
ACCEPTED Realization 87
Type Polysemy
Language Tamil
Lexeme pēraṉ
Meaning 1 grandson
Direction
Meaning 2 grandfather
Reference Tamil lexicon: 2899
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 88
Type Polysemy
Language Tamil
Lexeme pīṭṭaṉ
Meaning 1 great grandson
Direction
Meaning 2 great grandfather
Reference Tamil lexicon: 2732
Comment
NEW Realization 89
Type Polysemy
Language Teiwa
Lexeme natapis
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 90
Type Polysemy
Language Tela-Masbuar
Lexeme ˈup+e
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 91
Type Polysemy
Language Tolai (Kuanua)
Lexeme t-ubu-na
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment
NEW Realization 92
Type Syncretism
Language Tolai (Kuanua)
Lexeme t-abu-
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment

Also 'reciprocal term used between a woman and her parents-in-law'

NEW Realization 93
Type Polysemy
Language Tukang Besi
Lexeme oᵐpu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandmother
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 94
Type Polysemy
Language Uruangnirin
Lexeme ˈtatan
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandfather
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

ACCEPTED Realization 95
Type Polysemy
Language Wantoat
Lexeme bapu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference Davis, Dangepnana 2012: 23
Comment
NEW Realization 96
Type Syncretism
Language Watut
Lexeme rumbu-
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment

reciprocal term

NEW Realization 97
Type Polysemy
Language Wersing (Kolana)
Lexeme neˈtamu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandmother
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 98
Type Syncretism
Language Western Bukidnon Manobo
Lexeme apu-ʔ
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment
NEW Realization 99
Type Polysemy
Language Windesi
Lexeme t-apu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment
NEW Realization 100
Type Polysemy
Language Wolio
Lexeme opu+a
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference LexiRumah 3.0.0
Comment

CLICS-3

NEW Realization 101
Type Polysemy
Language Yamdena
Lexeme embu
Meaning 1 grandchild
Direction
Meaning 2 grandparent
Reference ACD
Comment