Shift #

Number of realizations

42

to calculate, count

to have opinion

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Fula
Lexeme jatoo
Meaning 1 to count
Direction
Meaning 2 to think, to consider
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ФРФС 262
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme kadiri
Meaning 1 to count, to compute, to calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 to suppose, to assume
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Polikanov
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kannada
Lexeme eṇike
Meaning 1 counting, number
Direction
Meaning 2 thinking
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Nahuatl
Lexeme 1 poa
Lexeme 2 yolpoa
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 think
Reference
Related Languages
Comment yollotl 'heart'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme hesabu
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 consider (as)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181 (from Arabic ḥasaba)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Komi
Lexeme artal-
Meaning 1 count, calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 think
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Bagvalal
Lexeme b=is'ĩ
Meaning 1 <кто: ERG; кого/что: NOM>
Meaning 2 <who: ERG; whom/what: NOM; кем/with what: INTERESS>
Reference Кибрик (ред.) 2001: 850
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Nanaj
Lexeme bodo-
Meaning 1 to count, to reckon, to calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 to regard as, to take smb for smth balana ekte naiva ui-dē naidu bodoasi bičin
"Before no one considered women human"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Borrowed from the Mong. бодо- 'think'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lezgian
Lexeme zi hisabdaldi
Meaning 1 I reckon
Direction
Meaning 2 to my opinion, I guess (that)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (LezgRus 103). The Instrumental form from ГЬИСАБ 'count'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme sčitat'
Meaning 1 to count считать звезды на небе
"to count the stars in the sky"
Direction
Meaning 2 to think, to believe Я считаю, что ты неправ.
"I think you are wrong."
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language German
Lexeme zählen
Meaning 1 to count die Stimmzettel zählen
"to count bills (votes)"
Direction
Meaning 2 to be regarded as Er wird zu den Besten gezählt.
"He is considered one of the best."
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme compter
Meaning 1 to count
Direction
Meaning 2 to have an opinion
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mandarin Chinese
Lexeme suàn
Meaning 1 to count, to reckon, to calculate compter les élèves de la classe
"to count the pupils in a class"
Direction
Meaning 2 to assume, to admit
Reference
Related Languages
Comment БКРС 4633
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Macedonian
Lexeme broi
Meaning 1 to count
Direction
Meaning 2 to think
Reference
Related Languages
Comment [Толовски, Иллич-Свитыч 1963: 41]
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme ratio
Meaning 1 count, calculation
Direction
Meaning 2 thought, reflection
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (Glare 1575)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Geez
Lexeme ḫʷallaḳʷa
Meaning 1 count, number, enumerate wa-ḫʷalaḳomu babāmā la-kʷəllu sabʔa ʔəsrāʔ̑el wa-konu 6000 (1 Reg 11:8) ‘and he counted in Bāmā all the people of Israel and they were 6000’
Direction
Meaning 2 take account, review, impute, consider ʔəḫʷelləḳomu kama baḳʷəʕet wa-barakat (Walatta Petros 34) 'I consider them as profit and blessing (= to be profit and blessing)'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (LGz. 261)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tuvan
Lexeme сана-
Meaning 1 to count, to calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 to think, to estimate, to admit эки деп санаар
"to consider good"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The same Karaim. сан- '1 to count, to calculate; 2 to think, to believe' (КРПС 464).
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Latin
Lexeme puto
Meaning 1 to calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 to have an opinion
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Glare 383, 1526. Cf. also computo 'calculate'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme count
Meaning 1 to find the number of smth. to count one's money
Direction
Meaning 2 to consider to be, to regard as a. to count smb. as dead
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The verb count in meaning B is not used in constructions with the complement clauses.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Turkmen
Lexeme са:й-
Meaning 1 to count, to calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 to regard as
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The same in Turkish
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme 1 ḥasaba
Lexeme 2 ḥasiba
Meaning 1 to count
Direction
Meaning 2 to believe, to think, to imagine ḥasibtuhu ṣāliḥ-an ‘I thought him good, righteous’ (Lane 565)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (BK I 423)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Akkadian
Lexeme manû
Meaning 1 to count, to count and list
Direction
Meaning 2 to consider a person, a region, an object as belonging to a specific class, region, or destination alḳâšunūtima ana nišē māti ja am-nu-šu-nu-ti 'I took and considered them as people of my own land'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (CAD M 221).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Italian
Lexeme contare
Meaning 1 to count
Direction
Meaning 2 to have an opinion Lo conto un grand’uomo.
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yoruba
Lexeme
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 regard as
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Indonesian
Lexeme 1 menghitung
Lexeme 2 memperhitungkan
Meaning 1 count, calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 calculate, take into consideration
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Manchu
Lexeme bodo-
Meaning 1 calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 plan, consider
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Rapanui
Lexeme tapa
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 consider, determine
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Telugu
Lexeme ennu
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 think, esteem
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hungarian
Lexeme számol
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 take into account/consideration
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Estonian
Lexeme arvama
Meaning 1 reckon, count
Direction
Meaning 2 think, consider
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mongolian (Khalkha)
Lexeme toolo-
Meaning 1 calculate, count
Direction
Meaning 2 consider
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme ḳʷäṭṭärä
Meaning 1 to count, enumerate, calculate, reckon dəmṣ ḳʷäṭṭärä ‘to count the votes’ (Gankin 1969:363)
Direction
Meaning 2 to regard, consider as, ascribe, impute əndä wädaǧǧe əḳʷäṭrəhallähu ‘I regard you as my friend’ (Gankin 1969:363)
Reference
Related Languages Same polysemy in Tigrinya ḳʷäṣärä (KT 1060)
Comment (K 831; Gankin 1969:363). In the meaning B governs the preposition əndä 'like, as'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sumerian
Lexeme šár
Meaning 1 calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 consider carefully
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Balinese
Lexeme (N)-ituŋ
Meaning 1 calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 think something other, weighing up the pros and cons
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Zulu
Lexeme ɓala
Meaning 1 count, calvulate
Direction
Meaning 2 take into account, analyze
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ɓalisa 'cause to count; ponder over one`s troubles'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Egyptian
Lexeme jp
Meaning 1 count, pay
Direction
Meaning 2 consider, be reasonable
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 180
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Khmer
Lexeme rɔap
Meaning 1 count
Direction
Meaning 2 consider
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Haser 2000, 181
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Icelandic
Lexeme telja
Meaning 1 to count þau töldu peningana
"they counted the money"
Direction
Meaning 2 to have opinion ég tel hana vera góðan kennara
"I consider him as a good teacher"
Reference ISLEX
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Norwegian
Lexeme regne
Meaning 1 to calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 to consider as hun regnes for å være spesialist på området
"she is considered to be an expert in this field"
Reference BO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swedish
Lexeme räkna
Meaning 1 to count räkna pengar
"to count money"
Direction
Meaning 2 to consider as jag har alltid räknat honom som en vän
"I have always considered him as a friend"
Reference SAO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Danish
Lexeme regne
Meaning 1 to calculate
Direction
Meaning 2 to consider as Han regnedes for en af de klogere
"He was considered as one of the cleverest people"
Reference DDO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hungarian
Lexeme számít
Meaning 1 to calculate, count forintban számítani
"to count in forints"
Direction
Meaning 2 to consider a legjobb költők közé számítják
"he is considered to be one of the best poets"
Reference Гальди 1974 674
Related Languages
Comment