Shift #18

to hear → to understand

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Nganasan
Lexeme дильситiси
Meaning 1 to listen
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference
Related Languages
Comment НМС 436
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Koryak
Lexeme валомык
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference
Related Languages
Comment КорРС 13
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Even
Lexeme долдъ-
Meaning 1 to hear
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ТМС, 1, 214-215
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 French
Language 2 Spanish
Lexeme 1 entendre
Lexeme 2 entender
Meaning 1 to hear
Meaning 2 to understand, to be knowledgeable
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ###проверить грузинский
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yakut
Lexeme isit-
Meaning 1 to hear
Meaning 2 to understand, to comprehend nūččaly istäγin duo?
"Do you understand (lit. hear) Russian?"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Аникин 2000, 497. ЯРС 156.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme slyšat'
Meaning 1 to hear
Meaning 2 to hear это якут, он по-русски не слышит; он не говорит по-коряцки, а слышит
"He is Yakut, he does not understand Russian; he does not speak Koryak but he understands it."
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Lower Indigir idioms
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yukaghir
Lexeme мөри-
Meaning 1 to hear
Meaning 2 to understand (language)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Аникин 2000, 497
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme sämma
Meaning 1 to hear mənəm alsämmahum
"I did not hear anything"
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand baynaggärutəm yəsämmutal
"Though they do not speak (this language), they understand it"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The same meanings in Tigrinya sämʕe 'to hear, to listen, to understand' (KT 657)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tibetan
Lexeme khums-pa
Meaning 1 to hear, to listen
Meaning 2 to know, to understand
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Рерих I, 276.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Avestan
Lexeme uš-
Meaning 1 hearing
Meaning 2 undestanding, intelligence
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ЭСИЯ 1, 268
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Itelmen
Lexeme элфсэс
Meaning 1 to listen т'илфсəзвин
"I am listening to you"
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand мил̹ мизвинк ттэ'ан крвэл̹хатас илфсқзузнэн
"Here all people understand Russian"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Володин, Халоймова 119