Shift #18

to hear → to understand

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Nganasan
Lexeme дильситiси
Meaning 1 to listen
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference
Related Languages
Comment НМС 436
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Koryak
Lexeme валомык
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference
Related Languages
Comment КорРС 13
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Even
Lexeme долдъ-
Meaning 1 to hear
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ТМС, 1, 214-215
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 French
Language 2 Spanish
Lexeme 1 entendre
Lexeme 2 entender
Meaning 1 to hear J'entends pleurer dans la pièce à côté.
"I can hear someone cry in the next room."
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand, to be knowledgeable
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ###проверить грузинский
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yakut
Lexeme isit-
Meaning 1 to hear
Meaning 2 to understand, to comprehend nūččaly istäγin duo?
"Do you understand (lit. hear) Russian?"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Аникин 2000, 497. ЯРС 156.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme slyšat'
Meaning 1 to hear
Meaning 2 to hear это якут, он по-русски не слышит; он не говорит по-коряцки, а слышит
"He is Yakut, he does not understand Russian; he does not speak Koryak but he understands it."
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Lower Indigir idioms
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yukaghir
Lexeme мөри-
Meaning 1 to hear
Meaning 2 to understand (language)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Аникин 2000, 497
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme sämma
Meaning 1 to hear mənəm alsämmahum
"I did not hear anything"
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand baynaggärutəm yəsämmutal
"Though they do not speak (this language), they understand it"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The same meanings in Tigrinya sämʕe 'to hear, to listen, to understand' (KT 657)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tibetan
Lexeme khums-pa
Meaning 1 to hear, to listen
Meaning 2 to know, to understand
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Рерих I, 276.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Avestan
Lexeme uš-
Meaning 1 hearing
Meaning 2 undestanding, intelligence
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ЭСИЯ 1, 268
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Itelmen
Lexeme элфсэс
Meaning 1 to listen т'илфсəзвин
"I am listening to you"
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand мил̹ мизвинк ттэ'ан крвэл̹хатас илфсқзузнэн
"Here all people understand Russian"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Володин, Халоймова 119
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme entendre
Meaning 1 to hear J'entends pleurer dans la pièce à côté.
"I can hear someone cry in the next room."
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand C'est ainsi que j'entends la vie.
"This is how I understand life."
Reference Vanhove 2008 348
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yupik
Lexeme niiqur
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Vanhove 2008 352
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Pintupi-Luritja
Lexeme kulinu
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000 569
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Wagaya
Lexeme larr-
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000 570
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yawuru
Lexeme langka-
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000 570
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Palenquero
Lexeme kuchá
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Vanhove 2008 352
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Aranda
Lexeme awe
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000 565
Related Languages
Comment Ibarretxe-Antuñano 2008: 25
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Pitjantjatjara
Lexeme kulini
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Ibarretxe-Antuñano 2008b 25
Related Languages
Comment Evans, Wilkins 2000
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Bandjalangic
Lexeme gannga-
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000 569
Related Languages
Comment Ibarretxe-Antuñano 2008: 25
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Wik-Mungkan
Lexeme ngeeyan
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000 567
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ngalkbun
Lexeme wonan
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000 567
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kayardild
Lexeme marrija
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000 567
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kunwinjku
Lexeme bekkan
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand (a language)
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000 568
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kukatja
Lexeme kulila
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000 569
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ngalakgan
Lexeme banarr-
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000 569
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Warlpiri
Lexeme purda-nyanyi
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000 570
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Wubuy
Lexeme wawangki-
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000 571
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Warluwara
Lexeme rlari-
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to understand
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000 553
Related Languages
Comment