Shift #2668

to know → to practice witchcraft

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Realization
Type Derivation
Language Slovak
Lexeme 1 vedeť
Lexeme 2 vedomec
Meaning 1 to know
Direction
Meaning 2 sorcerer
Reference Levkievskaja 1999 529
Related Languages
Comment Russian вещун, ведун, ведьмак ‘wizard, sorcerer’,ведунья, ведуница, ведьма ‘witch’, Old Russian вѣдунъ ‘healer, sorcerer’, вѣдуниха, вѣдуница, вѣдунья, вѣдьма, вѣщаꙗ женка, вѣщица ‘sorceress, medicine woman, witch’, Ukrainian вiдьма, dial. вiдюга, вiда, вiдь, Belorussian ведзьма, Old Belorussian вѣдьма, вѣдма ‘witch’, Czech vědma ‘soothsayer, sorceress’, věda ‘sorceress’, věd ‘the sorcerer who causes lunar and solar eclipses’, věšеář ‘wizard’, Moravian věščec ‘wizard’, Polish wiedźma ‘evil sorceress’, Old Polish wiedma ‘witch’, Bulgarian вещица ‘witch’, веда ‘witch, nymph’, вещик, вещер ‘sorcerer’, Serbian вештац, вишћун ‘sorcerer’, вештица ‘witch’, веда ‘forest mythological creature’ Anikin RES 6, 173-174, 176, CлРЯ XI—XVII 2, 50, ЕСУМ 1, 396, ГСБМ 2, 63, Vinogradova, Tolstaja 1994
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Tigrinya
Lexeme 1 ṭäbäbä
Lexeme 2 ṭäbbib
Meaning 1 to be shrewd, crafty, wise
Direction
Meaning 2 wizard, magician, sorcerer
Reference KT 2457
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Lithuanian
Lexeme 1 žinoti
Lexeme 2 žynys
Meaning 1 to know
Direction
Meaning 2 sorcerer
Reference LRŽ 917
Related Languages
Comment žiniunas 'soothsayer', žynystė, žyniavimas 'magic, witchcraft, sorcery', žynė 'witch'
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Ukrainian
Lexeme мудрий (mudryj)
Meaning 1 wise
Direction
Meaning 2 sorcerer
Reference Levkievskaja 1999 529
Related Languages Also Polish mądry
Comment The second one is dialectal
Realization
Type Derivation
Language English
Lexeme 1 wise
Lexeme 2 wizard
Meaning 1 to know
Direction
Meaning 2 to conjure
Reference Harper's Etymonline
Related Languages
Comment early 15c., "philosopher, sage," from Middle English wys "wise". The meaning "one with magical power, one proficient in the occult sciences" did not emerge distinctly until c. 1550, the distinction between philosophy and magic being blurred in the Middle Ages.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Komi
Lexeme тӧдны
Meaning 1 to know
Direction
Meaning 2 to have the ability to foresight
Reference Beznosikova et al. 2000
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Komi
Lexeme 1 тӧдны
Lexeme 2 тӧдысь
Meaning 1 to know
Direction
Meaning 2 wizard
Reference Beznosikova et al. 2000
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme знать (znat')
Meaning 1 to know
Direction
Meaning 2 to practice witchcraft, to be wizard (witch)
Reference SRNG 11, 311
Related Languages
Comment Second meaning in Tambov, Orel, Ryazan', Siberia
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 знать (znat')
Lexeme 2 знаток (znatok)
Meaning 1 to know
Direction
Meaning 2 wizard, sorcerer
Reference SRNG 11, 311
Related Languages
Comment Arkhangelsk, Olonets, Perm', Vologda, Novgorod, Yaroslavl'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme vidyā
Meaning 1 knowledge, science, learning, scholarship, philosophy
Direction
Meaning 2 magical skill
Reference MW
Related Languages
Comment Also 'a kind of magical pill (which placed in the mouth is supposed to give the power of ascending to heaven)'