Shift #366

heavy (of weight) → difficult

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme gurú
Meaning 1 heavy , weighty
Direction
Meaning 2 difficult , hard
Reference MW
Related Languages
Comment MW 359, Кочергина 194. Cf. gaurava 'heaviness, difficulty'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme βᾰρύς
Meaning 1 heavy in weight
Direction
Meaning 2 difficult
Reference LSJ
Related Languages
Comment LSJ 308
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme zito
Meaning 1 heavy jiwe zito
"hard stone"
Direction
Meaning 2 hard, difficult swali zito; kazi nzito; lugha nzitonzito
"difficult question, hard work, most difficult language"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Polikanov
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme canr (ծանր)
Meaning 1 heavy in weight
Direction
Meaning 2 difficult canr gorc (ծանր գործ)
"difficult work"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment АрмРС 315-316
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme käbbad
Meaning 1 'heavy' [K 1425]
Direction
Meaning 2 'difficult, hard' [K 1425] kbbad ṭəyyaḳe
"complicated question [K 1425]"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. Also Ge'ez. kəbud 'heavy, heavily laden, weighty, burdensome, burdened, overburdened, onerous, greivous, severe (disease)' [LGz 273]
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Azeri
Lexeme ağır
Meaning 1 heavy
Direction
Meaning 2 hard, difficult
Reference
Related Languages
Comment АзРС 9.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hungarian
Lexeme nehéz
Meaning 1 heavy
Direction
Meaning 2 hard, difficult
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Saamic
Lexeme лōссесь
Meaning 1 heavy
Direction
Meaning 2 hard, difficult
Reference
Related Languages
Comment СаамРС, 164-165
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lezgian
Lexeme zalan
Meaning 1 heavy залан гъвар
"hard log"
Direction
Meaning 2 hard (fig.) залан йисар
"hard years, hard work"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (LezgRus 125)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme tjaželyj
Meaning 1 heavy тяжелый камень
"heavy stone"
Direction
Meaning 2 hard, difficult тяжелая работа
"hard work"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mongolian (Khalkha)
Lexeme hünd
Meaning 1 heavy хүнд ачаа
"hard load"
Direction
Meaning 2 hard, difficult хүнд ажил
"hard work"
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Komi
Lexeme сьöкыд
Meaning 1 heavy сьöкыд из, сьöкыд ноп
"hard stone, hadr burden"
Direction
Meaning 2 hard, difficult сьöкыд удж, сьöкыд задача
"hard labour"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment КомиРС 621
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Osetin
Lexeme wæzzaw
Meaning 1 heavy
Direction
Meaning 2 hard, difficult
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Абаев 4, 105
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Romanian
Lexeme greu
Meaning 1 heavy geamantan greu
"hard suitcase"
Direction
Meaning 2 hard, difficult drum greu
"hard journey"
Reference DEX98
Related Languages В лат. gravis (исходной форме для румынского) значения "трудный" как такового нет, однако есть 'обременительный, тягостный' (напр. о старости).
Comment DRRS 1, 944, DEX98, DER 377
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme lourd
Meaning 1 heavy (of weight) lourd sac
"a heavy bag"
Direction
Meaning 2 difficult une lourde tâche
"a difficult task"
Reference CNRTL
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Norwegian
Lexeme tung
Meaning 1 heavy (of weight) være tung som bly
"to be as heavy as lead"
Direction
Meaning 2 difficult tungt arbeid
"difficult work"
Reference BO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Danish
Lexeme tung
Meaning 1 heavy (of weight) tung sten
"a heavy stone"
Direction
Meaning 2 difficult tungt arbejde
"difficult work"
Reference DDO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swedish
Lexeme tung
Meaning 1 heavy (of weight) väskan var så tung att hon inte kunde lyfta den
"the bag was so heavy that she could not lift it"
Direction
Meaning 2 difficult ett tungt arbete
"difficult work"
Reference SAO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Icelandic
Lexeme þungur
Meaning 1 heavy (of weight) þung ferðataska
"a heavy suitcase"
Direction
Meaning 2 difficult textinn er of þungur fyrir byrjendur
"this text is too difficult for beginners"
Reference ISLEX
Related Languages
Comment