Shift #487

mouth ↔ eater

Show map

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Evenki
Lexeme amnga
Meaning 1 mouth
Direction
Meaning 2 tablemate (folklore)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Василевич 1958, 28
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme mouth
Meaning 1 mouth
Meaning 2 eater useless mouth
"тунеядец"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Also means 'fool, blockhead'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Romanian
Lexeme gură
Meaning 1 mouth
Direction
Meaning 2 eater
Reference DEX98
Related Languages
Comment DRRS 1, 952, DEX98
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme rot
Meaning 1 mouth
Meaning 2 eater a. Пять ртов кормлю. 'I am feeding five mouths.' b. Лишний рот в семье. 'Another mouth in the family.'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. the Russian рот (mouth) used for ‘about a single animal when measuring food’ (XIV c.)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mandarin Chinese
Lexeme kŏu
Meaning 1 mouth
Meaning 2 count word for counting people, especially family members
Reference
Related Languages
Comment БКРС 1735
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme beran
Meaning 1 mouth
Meaning 2 eater
Reference
Related Languages
Comment АрмРС 124
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mongolian (Khalkha)
Lexeme am
Meaning 1 mouth
Meaning 2 eater, mouth манайх зургаан амттай
"We have six months in the family"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Gagauz
Lexeme aaz
Meaning 1 mouth, chaps
Meaning 2 eater кач аазсыныз?
"How many of us are going to eat?"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The same in Turk. Ağız (ТуРС 29).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tibetan
Lexeme ca-byed
Meaning 1 eater, eating, devourer
Meaning 2 mouth
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Рерих VIII, 128. An instance of the opposite direction of semantic change (eater > mouth). However, the word 'eater' does not denote a family member.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Spanish
Lexeme boca
Meaning 1 mouth no atreverse a abrir la boca
"do not even dare to open your mouth"
Direction
Meaning 2 eater una familia de cinco bocas
"There are five mouths in the family"
Reference
Related Languages аналогично в итальянском bocca и французском bouche
Comment Narumov 1995: 127
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Norwegian
Lexeme munn
Meaning 1 mouth sove med åpen munn
"to sleep with an open mouth"
Direction
Meaning 2 eater ha mange munner å mette
"to have a lot of mouths to feed"
Reference BO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Danish
Lexeme mund
Meaning 1 mouth halvåben mund
"parted lips"
Direction
Meaning 2 eater
Reference DDO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swedish
Lexeme mun
Meaning 1 mouth föra skeden till munnen
"to lift a spoon to one’s mouth"
Direction
Meaning 2 eater hon har många munnar att mätta
"she has a lot of mouths to feed"
Reference SAO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme bouche
Meaning 1 mouth une bouche large
"a big mouth"
Direction
Meaning 2 eater avoir (tant de) bouches à nourrir
"to have (so many) mouths to feed"
Reference CNRTL
Related Languages
Comment