Shift #692

to beat, hit → to kill

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme sarbh
Meaning 1 to beat
Direction
Meaning 2 to kill
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Кочергина 712
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Icelandic
Lexeme slá
Meaning 1 to beat, to hit slá hnefanum í borðið
"to hit the table with a fist"
Meaning 2 to kill slá tvær flugur í einu höggi
"to kill tow birds with one stone (saying)"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Берков
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme çaṭh
Meaning 1 to beat
Direction
Meaning 2 to kill
Reference
Related Languages
Comment "To deceive" is cited as the first meaning Кочергина 633
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme caedo
Meaning 1 to beat, hit
Direction
Meaning 2 to kill
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme bit'
Meaning 1 to beat a. Не бей ребенка 'Do not beat the child'. b. Бить больно 'to beat painfully'. c. Бить кого-нибудь по голове 'to beat someone on the head'.
Meaning 2 to kill (generally animals) a. Скот бьют на бойне. 'Cattle is slaughtered in a butchery.' b. Бить рыбу острогою. 'To kill fish with a gig.'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (Ushakov). Cf. also Russian стучать - пристукнуть.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme ferire
Meaning 1 to beat, to hit, to push
Meaning 2 to slaughter, to kill, to decapitate
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (Glare 686-687)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme θείνω
Meaning 1 to beat, to hit
Meaning 2 to strike to death, to kill
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (LSJ 787)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Romanian
Lexeme a ucide
Meaning 1 to beat
Direction
Meaning 2 to kill
Reference DEX98
Related Languages арум. ţid(ere) 'бить', мегл.-рум. uţid 'бить', истрорум. ucidu 'убивать'. From Latin occidere.
Comment DEX98
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 Old High German
Language 2 Old Norse
Lexeme 1 treffan
Lexeme 2 drepa
Meaning 1 to beat, to hit
Meaning 2 to beat, to kill
Reference
Related Languages
Comment In modern Icelandic there is the polysemy: drepa 1) kill; 2) strike, beat, hit (Berkov)
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 bit'
Lexeme 2 ubit'
Meaning 1 to beat Мальчик бил собаку.
"A boy was beating a dog."
Meaning 2 to kill Мальчик убил собаку.
"A boy killed a dog."
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Gagauz
Lexeme ur-
Meaning 1 to beat, to hit, to knock капуйа урмаа
"to knock at the door"
Meaning 2 to kill
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ГРМС 486.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yazghulami
Lexeme da-
Meaning 1 to beat, to hit
Meaning 2 to kill
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ЭСИЯ 2, 443
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Komi
Lexeme тотшкыны
Meaning 1 to knock öдзöсö тотшкыны
"to knock at the door"
Meaning 2 to slaughter (animal) тотшкыны порсьöс
"to slaughter a pig"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment КомиРС 645
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme han
Meaning 1 to strike , beat (also a drum) , pound , hammer
Direction
Meaning 2 to kill
Reference MW
Related Languages
Comment MW1287, Кочергина 769
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme κόπτω
Meaning 1 to beat, to hit
Direction
Meaning 2 to kill
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Akkadian
Lexeme maḫāṣu
Meaning 1 to hit ina maḫāṣim ša libbiša uštaddīši 'he has made her lose her child by beating (her)'
Meaning 2 to kill ša ḫarrān šarri ana nēšī maḫāṣim 'of the royal expedition to kill lions'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (CAD MI 73, 75).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme khai
Meaning 1 to strike , injure
Direction
Meaning 2 to kill
Reference MW
Related Languages
Comment MW 340, Кочергина 186
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme çiṣ (çéṣati)
Meaning 1 to beat
Direction
Meaning 2 to kill
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Кочергина 647
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hittite
Lexeme kwen-, kun-
Meaning 1 to beat
Direction
Meaning 2 to kill
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Buck 552
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lithuanian
Lexeme dóbti
Meaning 1 to hit, to beat dóbti šùnį
"to beat the dog"
Meaning 2 to kill (with a heavy object)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment LRŽ 152