Shift #695

to beat, hit → to win

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Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme nyuka
Meaning 1 to beat, to hit
Meaning 2 to win, to defeat
Reference
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Comment Polikanov
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme πλήσσω
Meaning 1 to beat, to hit
Direction
Meaning 2 to defeat οἱ Ἀθηναῖοι ἐν τοῖς Βοιωτοῖς πεπληγμένοι
"Athenians defeated in Boeotia (Thucydides)"
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hittite
Lexeme kwen-, kun-
Meaning 1 to beat
Direction
Meaning 2 to win
Reference
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Comment Buck 552
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme labua
Meaning 1 to beat, to thrash
Meaning 2 to win (sport)
Reference
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Comment Polikanov
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme bit'
Meaning 1 to beat a. Не бей ребенка 'Do not beat the child'. b. Бить больно 'to beat painfully'. c. Бить кого-нибудь по голове 'to beat someone on the head'.
Meaning 2 to win, to defeat a. Бить неприятеля. 'To beat the enemy.' b. Наша футбольная команда всегда бьет вашу. 'Our football team always beats yours.'
Reference
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Comment (Ushakov)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme beat
Meaning 1 to beat
Meaning 2 to win, to defeat The team was beaten for the second time.
"Команда вторично потерпела поражение."
Reference
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Karaim
Lexeme йанч-
Meaning 1 to beat, to break, to hit, to hit
Meaning 2 to win, to destroy йанчасыз мэни сöзлер биле!
"You will destroy me with words!"
Reference
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Comment КРПС 227.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Gagauz
Lexeme düü-
Meaning 1 to beat, to batter, to thrash
Meaning 2 to win душманы дÿÿмää
"to defeat the enemy"
Reference
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Comment ГРМС 169.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme mätta
Meaning 1 to beat, to hit wəššawən bädulla yəmättal näbbär 'he was beating the dog with a stick'
Direction
Meaning 2 to beat (overcome in a game) dəl mätta 'to defeat' (K 1706)
Reference
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Comment K 241
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme khid
Meaning 1 to strike
Direction
Meaning 2 to press , press down
Reference MW
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Comment MW340, Кочергина 186
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Romanian
Lexeme a bate
Meaning 1 to beat, to hit a bate în cap
"to hit on the head"
Direction
Meaning 2 to win, to defeat a bate la fotbal
"to win in a football game"
Reference DEX98
Related Languages
Comment DEX98, DRRS 1, 204
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Akkadian
Lexeme maḫāṣu
Meaning 1 'to hit, to strike' ina maḫāṣim ša libbiša uštaddīši
"'he has made her lose her child by beating (her)'"
Meaning 2 'to give a battle, to defeat an enemy' Sin nakra imaḫḫaṣ
"Sin will win over the enemy"
Reference
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Comment CAD MI 77
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Norwegian
Lexeme slå
Meaning 1 to beat, hit slå hesten med svepe
"to hit a horse with a whip"
Direction
Meaning 2 to win slå en i samløp
"to beat someone in a running competition"
Reference BO
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Norwegian
Lexeme slå
Meaning 1 to beat, hit slå hesten med svepe
"to hit a horse with a whip"
Direction
Meaning 2 to win slå en i samløp
"to beat someone in a running competition"
Reference BO
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Danish
Lexeme slå
Meaning 1 to beat, hit
Direction
Meaning 2 to win
Reference DDO
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Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swedish
Lexeme slå
Meaning 1 to beat, hit hon slog honom i ansiktet
"she hit him in the face"
Direction
Meaning 2 to win Sverige slog Ryssland med 3–1
"Sweden beat Russia 3-1"
Reference SAO
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Comment