Shift #

Number of realizations

46

sun

day

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme ἥλιος
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day - the sun's day journey ἡλίους δέκα
"ten days (Lucianus )"
Reference LSJ 769
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme aruṣá
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference MW
Related Languages
Comment MW88, Кочергина 70. Initially 'red, reddish'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tagalog
Lexeme araw
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference Krus, Ignašev 1959 30
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme gün
Meaning 1 sun gün geçmek
"get sunstroke"
Direction
Meaning 2 day günlerce
"for many days"
Reference Jusipova 2005
Related Languages
Comment The same in many other Turkic languages. (Cf., for instance, KRPS 353, Slepcov 1972, 197).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hungarian
Lexeme nap
Meaning 1 sun delel a nap
"the sun rose"
Direction
Meaning 2 day minden nap
"every day"
Reference Gal’di 1987 552
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Moksha
Lexeme ши
Meaning 1 sun Шись кеподзь кунара ни, но кяшфоль туцять фталу
"The sun had risen long ago, but it was behind a cloud"
Direction
Meaning 2 day шиста шис тяконь тиендемс
"to do the same thing day after day"
Reference Serebrennikov et al. 1998 863
Related Languages
Comment also Erzya чи Serebrennikov et al. 1993, 747
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Chamalal
Lexeme mij
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference Kibrik, Kodzasov 1990 197, 210-211
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Chirag Dargwa
Lexeme bare
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference Kibrik, Kodzasov 1990 197, 210-211
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kuria
Lexeme omobaso
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference Aksenova, Toporova 1994 192
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Geez
Lexeme ʔamir
Meaning 1 sun ba-ʔəgra ʔamir
"Sap. 2:4: 'with a sunbeam'"
Meaning 2 day kʷəllo ʔamira
"every day"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment LLA 731
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Soqotri
Lexeme šam
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference
Related Languages
Comment LS 418, 210; cf. Kogan 2006:472. It goes back to the Protosemitic 'sun'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tibetan
Lexeme nyi-ma
Meaning 1 sun nyi-m'i-'od
"sun beams"
Direction
Meaning 2 day nyi-bjang-bo
"lucky day"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Рерих 3, 241-244.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Jibbali
Lexeme yum
Meaning 1 'sun; light, sunlight'
Direction
Meaning 2 'day'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment JJ 314. It can be traced back to the Protosemitic *yawm- 'day'. Cf. Kogan 2006:472.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Maori
Lexeme
Meaning 1 sun Ka haupū te kupenga tawhito ki uta, ki ngā parenga o ngā wai tauraki ai ki te rā, ka maroke, ka pakapaka
"The old net lies in a heap on the shore and on the banks of streams to dry in the sun. It dries out and is baked"
Direction
Meaning 2 day I te rā i iriiritia ai rātou, kotahi tonu te hūtu i waenganui i a rātou katoa
"On the day that they were baptised they only had one suit between them all."
Reference MD
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian–Chinese Pidgin
Lexeme сонца
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day твая три сонца купи есть
"you bought three days ago"
Reference Perexval'skaja 2008 337
Related Languages
Comment Lexeme etymologically goes back to Russian солнце 'sun'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tocharian A
Lexeme koṃ
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference Adams 2013 255
Related Languages
Comment Tocharian B kauṃ
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Seri
Lexeme zaah
Meaning 1 sun zaah quij
Direction
Meaning 2 day zaah cap
Reference Zhivlov 2019
Related Languages
Comment This word is used with different definite articles. Combined with the article quij ‘compact’, it means ‘the sun’; with cop/cap ‘vertical; abstract’ — ‘the day’.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mandarin Chinese
Lexeme rì (日)
Meaning 1 sun, sun light rì pín gxī (日平西)
"the sun tends to the west"
Direction
Meaning 2 day (vs. night), daytime; day (twenty-four-hour period), date, chūnrì chí chí (春日迟迟), zuótiān shì tā zhí de rì (昨天是他值的日)
"spring days are getting shorter; yesterday was the day of his duty"
Reference BKRS
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Warlpiri
Lexeme nguljurrpa
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference Swartz 2011
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Warlpiri
Lexeme parra
Meaning 1 sun, sunlight
Direction
Meaning 2 day, daylight
Reference Swartz 2011
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Shan
Lexeme wan4
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day wan4 kʰɔp3 kʰop2
"day that completes a year, day of an anniversary"
Reference SEAlang Shan
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Turkmen
Lexeme gün
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference Lastowka 1999 27
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Northern Sotho
Lexeme letšatši
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference Kriel 1988 77
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Fijian
Lexeme siga
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference Hazlewood, Calvert 1890 109
Related Languages
Comment mata ni siga, lit. 'day's face' is more definite for sun
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Orokaiva
Lexeme iji
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference TransNewGuinea.org
Related Languages
Comment +'time' Sose dialect
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yegha
Lexeme 'iji
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference TransNewGuinea.org
Related Languages
Comment Korafe dialect (+'time'), Ame-Dofo dialect - 'iyi
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Gaina
Lexeme 'iji
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference TransNewGuinea.org
Related Languages
Comment +'daylight', 'time'. Karoto dialect
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Barai
Lexeme maza|n-e
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference TransNewGuinea.org
Related Languages
Comment North dialect
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mountain Koiarj
Lexeme vani
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference TransNewGuinea.org
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Grass Koiarj
Lexeme vani
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference TransNewGuinea.org
Related Languages
Comment +'time'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Suena
Lexeme waiko
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference TransNewGuinea.org
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Bashkir
Lexeme көн
Meaning 1 sun Көн тыуа.
"The sun rises."
Direction
Meaning 2 day Көн һайын.
"Every day"
Reference Axmerov K. et al. 1958 279
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hausa
Lexeme rana
Meaning 1 sun fitowar rana
"sunrise"
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference Ol'derogge ed. 1963 294
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Burmese
Lexeme 1 ne (နေ)
Lexeme 2 ne. (နေ့)
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
"different tones"
Reference Novikov et al. 1976
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hawaiian
Lexeme
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference Parker 2008 42
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yakut
Lexeme күн
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference Slepcov 1972 197
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kazakh
Lexeme күн
Meaning 1 sun күн батып кетти
"The sun has already set"
Direction
Meaning 2 day күнбойы
"all day"
Reference Bektaev 1995 257-258
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kyrghyz
Lexeme күн
Meaning 1 sun күн чыгыш
"sunrise"
Direction
Meaning 2 day эки күнү
"during two days"
Reference Judaxin 1985 I, 465-466
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kurdish
Lexeme rōž, rō
Meaning 1 sun Roj baş!
"Good afternoon!"
Direction
Meaning 2 day Roj stêrk e
"The sun is a star"
Reference Cabolov II, 217-218
Related Languages
Comment Avestian raocah-, Old Persian raucah- ‘lamp’, ‘celestial body’, ‘light’, ‘daylight’, ‘day’, Avestian raok- ‘to shine’, Middle Persian rōz, Classical Persian rōz, Farsi ruz, Tajik рӯз, Dari ruz, Parthian rōž, Zazaki řōǰa, řōža, řōza, Talysh ruj, rüj, ruz, roz, Tati rōž, Gurani řō, Gilaki rūj, Mazanderani rōǰ, ruj, Bakhtiari res, ruz, Vonishini, Kokhrudi, Zefre rū, Keshei rü, Sangisari rūz, Shamirzadi rüz, ruz, Sedei rū, Gazi, Kafroni rū, rūz, Sivandi rū, Semnani rūz, Sorkhei rüz, Lasgergi rūz, Pashto wraź, wraz, rwaź ‘day’, Ossetic ruʒyng (из *rаuсna-ka- [Abaev II, 429]) ‘window’. Balochi rōč ‘sun’, ‘sunlight’, ‘day’, Luri rūz ‘day’, ‘sun’
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Balochi
Lexeme rōč
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference Cabolov II, 217-218
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Luri
Lexeme rūz
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference Cabolov II, 217-218
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Kaqchikel
Lexeme q'ij
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference Kaqchikel choltzij
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Zulu
Lexeme ilanga
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference Bryant 1905 349
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language White Hmong (Hmong Daw)
Lexeme hnub
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference Heimbach 1979
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Waray
Lexeme ádlaw
Meaning 1 sun
Direction
Meaning 2 day
Reference Tramp 1997 218
Related Languages
Comment + sun; day; time; birthday; anniversary; to shine (as the sun)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tamil
Lexeme el
Meaning 1 sun, sunshine, light
Direction
Meaning 2 day, daytime, day of 24 hours
Reference Tamil lexicon 535
Related Languages
Comment