Shift #873

hard, solid → severe

Show map

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mandarin Chinese
Lexeme yìng
Meaning 1 hard
Direction
Meaning 2 severe, cruel
Reference
Related Languages
Comment БКРС 11020
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme khára
Meaning 1 hard
Direction
Meaning 2 severe, cruel
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Кочергина 185
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme dārúṇá
Meaning 1 hard
Direction
Meaning 2 severe, strict
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Кочергина 265-266
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme žestkij
Meaning 1 hard, harsh жесткая кожура
"hard rind"
Meaning 2 severe жесткое правление
"hard governance"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment There is also the pair of жесткий /жестокий (hard/severe) wih similar meaning.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme karcr
Meaning 1 hard
Meaning 2 severe, cruel; rude
Reference
Related Languages
Comment АрмРС 342
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Azeri
Lexeme sәrt
Meaning 1 hard, firm
Meaning 2 strict, severe
Reference
Related Languages
Comment АзРС 226
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tuvan
Lexeme кадыг
Meaning 1 твёрдый; жёсткий
Meaning 2 strict, severe; hatd; rude; cruel; severely, cruelly, rudely
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. also Karaim. къатты 'hard; cruel' КРПС 366, Yak. кытаанах 'hard; strict' ЯРС 213.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme dur
Meaning 1 hard, solid
Meaning 2 severe, shallow hearted
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tigrinya
Lexeme ʕaṣṣiḳ̆
Meaning 1 'tough, hard' ʕaṣṣiḳ̆ səga
"'hard, tough meat, poor quality meat'"
Meaning 2 'hard, unfeeling or insensitive person'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment KT 1943
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme kārkçya
Meaning 1 firmness, hardness
Direction
Meaning 2 severity, cruelty
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Кочергина 159
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Komi
Lexeme чорыд
Meaning 1 hard
Direction
Meaning 2 severe вöрвалöн законъяс чорыдöсь
"Nature laws are severe"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Коми 706
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme сäхт
Meaning 1 hard
Meaning 2 harsh
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ПРС 444.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme kāṭhinya
Meaning 1 hardness, solidness
Direction
Meaning 2 severity, cruelty
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Кочергина 157