to know to know how 19 realizations
ACCEPTED Realization 1
Type Polysemy
Language Aghul
Lexeme 1 ʜaa
Lexeme 2 aʜaa
Meaning 1 to know
Meaning 2 to be able of
Reference The same type of polysemy in Tsakhur. =aX:\a.
Comment The same type of polysemy in Tsakhur. =aX:\a.
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme awwäḳä
Meaning 1 to know, be familiar with, be acquainted with, to know how to; to learn, acquire knowledge, become knowledgeable bämulu yawḳut näbbär
he used to know all about him.
Direction
Meaning 2 to know how to yäsäw muya sost aynät näw. andäññaw massäbən mawäḳ hulättäññaw männaggärən mawäḳ sostäññaw mäsratən mawäḳ
The man's art is of three kinds: the first one is to be able to think, the second one is to be able to speak, the third one is to be able to do.
Reference AED: 1269 Tarikənna məssale: 5
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 3
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme οἶδα
Meaning 1 to know, be acquainted with [+accusative = something]
Direction
Meaning 2 to know how to [+infinitive = do something]
Reference LSJ
Comment LSJ 483
ACCEPTED Realization 4
Type Polysemy
Language Bagvalal
Lexeme b=ija
Meaning 1 to know
Meaning 2 to be able of
Reference
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 5
Type Polysemy
Language Czech
Lexeme umĕt
Meaning 1 to know [Павлович 1976] umĕt česky
to speak Czech
Meaning 2 to be able of
Reference
Comment The same polysemy in Pol. umieć, cf. umieć na pamięć 'to know by heart'.
ACCEPTED Realization 6
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme savoir
Meaning 1 to know Savez-vous le nom de cette plante ?
Do you know the name of this plant?
Direction
Meaning 2 to be able of Je sais nager
I can swim
Reference Larousse online
Comment Cf. also Sp. saber, Ital. sapere (sapere leggere e scrivere 'to be able to read and to write')
ACCEPTED Realization 7
Type Polysemy
Language Hungarian
Lexeme tud
Meaning 1 to know amennyire én tudom
as far as I know
Direction
Meaning 2 to know how, to be able nem tudok úszni
I cannot swim
Reference Гальди 1974: 747
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 8
Type Polysemy
Language Icelandic
Lexeme kunna
Meaning 1 to know ég kunni þetta kvæði einu sinni utanað
once i knew this poem by heart
Direction
Meaning 2 to know how, to be able hún kann svolítið á fiðlu
she can play the violin a little
Reference ISLEX
Comment
NEW Realization 9
Type Semantic evolution
Language Irish Gaelic
Lexeme eolas
Meaning 1 to know ar gcuid eolais as an saol
what we know of life
Direction
Meaning 2 to know how is beag a eolas ar an Laidin
he has little knowledge of Latin
Reference Ó Dónaill 1977: 497
Comment
NEW Realization 10
Type Polysemy
Language Itelmen
Lexeme хиӄ иԓ-
Meaning 1 to know

ктӽӑс хиӄ исэн?


do you know the way?

Direction
Meaning 2 to know how

ахтка хиӄ иснэн


he knows how to cut fish

Reference PIRS: 276
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 11
Type Polysemy
Language Macedonian
Lexeme znae
Meaning 1 to know
Meaning 2 to be able of
Reference
Comment [Толовски, Иллич-Свитыч 1963: 164]
ACCEPTED Realization 12
Type Polysemy
Language Mehri
Lexeme ġərōb
Meaning 1 to know ġarbēhəm ġɛrbíyəhəm ḏə-hēm xəṣámha
He knew they were his enemies.
Direction
Meaning 2 to know how (to do sth.) əl əġōrəb l-əġətáyr ārəbáyt ə̌lá
I wasn’t able to speak Arabic.
Reference ML: 140
Comment Same polysemy in Harsusi (HL 45) and Jibbali (JL 88).
ACCEPTED Realization 13
Type Polysemy
Language Norwegian
Lexeme kunne
Meaning 1 to know kunne veien
to know the way
Direction
Meaning 2 to know how, to be able kunne sykle
to be able to ride a bicycle
Reference BO
Comment
NEW Realization 14
Type Polysemy
Language Rutul
Lexeme гьацIын
Meaning 1 to know
Direction
Meaning 2 to know how
Reference Alisultanov, Sulejmanova 2019: 102-103
Comment
NEW Realization 15
Type Polysemy
Language Selkup
Lexeme тӓну́гу
Meaning 1 to know
Direction
Meaning 2 to know how
Reference Consolidated Selkup
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 16
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme jua
Meaning 1 to know namjua mtu huyu
I know this person
Direction
Meaning 2 to be able of jua kusoma; jua kuogelea
to be able to read
Reference
Comment Polikanov
ACCEPTED Realization 17
Type Polysemy
Language Swedish
Lexeme kunna
Meaning 1 to have knowledge about han kan alla Europas huvudstäder
he knows all the European capitals
Direction
Meaning 2 to know how, to be able hon kan spela piano
she can play the piano
Reference SAO
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 18
Type Polysemy
Language Tuvan
Lexeme бил-
Meaning 1 to know
Meaning 2 to be able of номчуп билир
to be able to read
Reference
Comment Also Azer. bilmәk 'to know, to be able'
NEW Realization 19
Type Polysemy
Language Zulu
Lexeme azi
Meaning 1 to know
Direction
Meaning 2 to know how
Reference Луцков А.Д. Зулу-Русский словарь 2014: 12
Comment