Number of realizations

6

word

letter (character)

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme حرف ḥarf
Meaning 1 letter حرف قمري ḥarf-e qamri
"moon letter"
Direction
Meaning 2 word; speech, gossip, talk حرف حرف میاورد ḥarf ḥarf miyāvorad
"one thing led to another (one word is followed by another)"
Reference Rubinčik 1970 page 497
Related Languages
Comment ПРС 283.
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 Russian
Language 2 Serbo-Croatian
Lexeme слово (slovo)
Meaning 1 word
Direction
Meaning 2 letter
Reference Tolstoj 1957
Related Languages
Comment 'word' in Polish, Czeck, Slovak, Bulgarian, Belorussian, Ukrainian, 'letter' in Croatian.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Balinese
Lexeme sarsa
Meaning 1 word
Direction
Meaning 2 letter (character)
Reference SEALang Balinese
Related Languages
Comment Also 'scripture, law'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Vietnamese
Lexeme chữ
Meaning 1 word
Direction
Meaning 2 letter, (written) character
Reference SEAlang Vietnamese
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme ḥarf (حَرْف)
Meaning 1 (obsolete) word
Direction
Meaning 2 letter (of the alphabet)
Reference BK page 1 410-411
Related Languages
Comment From the root ḥ-r-f 'to turn to the opposite side; to trade, to do business; to trim, to snip', to slant, to incline; to bend down, up, or back, to turn down, up, or back..., cutting edge, sharp edge; border, brink, edge, rim'. The meaning “word” is a semantic loan from Medieval Latin terminus, spawned in the environment of philosophy text translation (Praetorius 1909)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme akṣára
Meaning 1 word
Direction
Meaning 2 letter, syllabe
Reference MW page 3
Related Languages
Comment