Number of realizations

18

big

elder

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme kabīr-
Meaning 1 big
Direction
Meaning 2 old, advanced in age wa-lil-kabīr-in rayaṯāt-un ʔarbaʕ-un ʔar-rukbatān-i wan-nasā wal-ʔaḫdaʕ-u 'and the old one has four weaknesses – in the [two] knees and in the sciatic vein and the occipital artery’ (Wagner 1958:111)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Lane 2586
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tigrinya
Lexeme ʕabiy
Meaning 1 big, huge, great, large, considerable, tremendous ḥadä ʕabiy betäkrəstiyan 'a big church'
Direction
Meaning 2 elder, adult ʕabbay ḥawtäy 'elder sister';
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (KT 1876)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme grand
Meaning 1 big Ce lac est grand
"This lake is big"
Direction
Meaning 2 grown-up Tu pourras faire ce que tu veux quand tu seras grand
"When you become grown-up, you'll be able to do anything you want"
Reference CNRTL
Related Languages
Comment Tuebingen team
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Hebrew
Lexeme gādōl
Meaning 1 big, tall wa-yyəbrāʔ ʔĕlōhīm ʔet-ha-ttannīnim ha-ggədōlīm 'and God made big snakes' (Gen 1:21)
Direction
Meaning 2 old, elder wa-yyiḳrāʔ ʔet-ʕēŝāw bənō ha-ggādōl 'and he called Esaw, his eldest son' (Gn 27:1);
"'And Laban had two daughters, and the name of the elder was Leah and the name of the younger was Rachel' (Gn 29:16)"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment HALAT 170
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Akkadian
Lexeme rabû
Meaning 1 large 1 kirri kaspim rabīmma leḳēma 'take 1 large silver vessel' (CAD R 28)
Direction
Meaning 2 full-grown, adult; elder, eldest aplūtum ṣeḫertum u rabītum ina Sippar ul ibašši; ‘there is no right to inheritance for daughters in Sippar, be they the eldest or be they small in age’ (CAD AII 177-178);
"'eight full-grown sheep, plucked three times' (CAD R 32)"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment CAD R 26-27
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lezgian
Lexeme č’eχi
Meaning 1 big, large чIехи къван
"big stone"
Direction
Meaning 2 elder; adult чIехи гада
"elder son / grown up youth"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (LezgRus 378)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Komi
Lexeme ыджыд
Meaning 1 big, large
Direction
Meaning 2 elder ыджыд вок, ыджыд чой
"elder brother, elder sister"
Reference Beznosikova et al. 2000 page 752
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme büyük
Meaning 1 big, large
Direction
Meaning 2 elder büyük oğul
"elder son"
Reference Baskakov 1977 page 138
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Aghul
Lexeme aʜaf
Meaning 1 big, large aʜa χal
"big house"
Direction
Meaning 2 elder aʜa ruš
"the elder daughter"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (Sulejmanov 2003). Cf. also the Tabassaran АЬХЮ 'big, elder, grown-up' (TabRus 71).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme μέγας
Meaning 1 big, large
Direction
Meaning 2 adult
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme ḳiršabb-
Meaning 1 '(a man) corpulent, or bulky, and tall'
Direction
Meaning 2 'advanced in years (a man)'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Lane 2514; the meaning B is given as the main one
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme təlləḳ
Meaning 1 'big, great (in size, in importance); adult, grown-up, senior, older' (K 957) təlləḳ bet wəsṭ yənorallu
"'they live in a big house' (Leslau 1973:113)"
Direction
Meaning 2 'big, great (in size, in importance); adult, grown-up, senior, older' ləǧǧoččwa ahun tələlləḳočč honäwal;
"'her children are big now' (Leslau 1973:113);"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (K 957); perhaps to be compared to Gez. ləhḳa 'to grow old' (LGz. 309)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Komi
Lexeme гырысь
Meaning 1 large, big (about many subjects or about something collective) гырысь керкаяс, гырысь гыяс
"big houses, big waves"
Direction
Meaning 2 elder гырысьджык чой-вок
"older brothers and sisters"
Reference Beznosikova et al. 2000
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Udmurt
Lexeme бадӟым
Meaning 1 big бадӟым чорыг
"big fish"
Direction
Meaning 2 elder бадӟымез нылы ужа ини, пичиез дышетске на
"my elder daughter is already working, the youngest is still studying"
Reference Kirillova 2008
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Meadow Mari
Lexeme кугу
Meaning 1 big
Direction
Meaning 2 elder Тойбатын тиде кугу эргыже улмаш (Никандр Лекайн)
"It was Toybat's eldest son"
Reference Marij jylme muter
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hill Mari
Lexeme кого
Meaning 1 big
Direction
Meaning 2 elder
Reference Savatkova 2008
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Udmurt
Lexeme зӧк
Meaning 1 (dialect) big
Direction
Meaning 2 (dialect) elder зӧкез пие армиын
"eldest son in the army"
Reference Savatkova 2008
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Tamil
Lexeme 1 periya
Lexeme 2 periyappā
Meaning 1 big
Direction
Meaning 2 father's elder brother
Reference Cre-A Tamil page 760
Related Languages
Comment Also the same pattern: periyammā ‘mother's elder sister’ (lit. ‘elder mother’).