dark (adj.) incomprehensible 14 realizations
ACCEPTED Realization 1
Type Cognates
Language 1 Akkadian
Language 2 Classical Arabic
Lexeme 1 ekēlu
Lexeme 2 ḥakala, ʔaḥkala
Meaning 1 to be dark šumma UD.DA Sin magal eklet
if the moon's appearance is very dark
Direction
Meaning 2 to be dark, unclear ʔaḥkala ʕalayya l-ḫabar-u
the news were obscure to me
Reference
Comment CAD e 64, BK I 470, Lane 616
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme temnyj
Meaning 1 dark темная комната; темные тона
dark room, shadow tones
Meaning 2 unclear темный смысл
obscure sense
Reference
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 3
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme obscure
Meaning 1 dark (OERD 1003]
Meaning 2 unclear, vague
Reference
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 4
Type Polysemy
Language German
Lexeme dunkel
Meaning 1 dark [Duden 880] in dunkler Nacht
in the dark night
Meaning 2 unclear, vague eine dunkle Textstelle
obscure place in the text
Reference
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 5
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme mut(h)
Meaning 1 dark
Meaning 2 incomprehensible
Reference
Comment АрмРС 485
ACCEPTED Realization 6
Type Polysemy
Language Mandarin Chinese
Lexeme ài
Meaning 1 dark
Direction
Meaning 2 unclear, vague
Reference
Comment БКРС 10857
ACCEPTED Realization 7
Type Polysemy
Language Nganasan
Lexeme хойминтiə
Meaning 1 dark
Meaning 2 unknown
Reference
Comment НМС 3201
ACCEPTED Realization 8
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme obscur
Meaning 1 dark (adj.) une ruelle obscure
a dark alley
Direction
Meaning 2 difficult to understand un texte obscur
an incomprehensible text
Reference Larousse online
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 9
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme opaque
Meaning 1 dark (adj.)
Direction
Meaning 2 incomprehensible
Reference Sweetser 1990: 40
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 10
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme murky
Meaning 1 dark (adj.)
Direction
Meaning 2 incomprehensible
Reference Sweetser 1990: 40
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 11
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme muddy
Meaning 1 dark (adj.)
Direction
Meaning 2 incomprehensible
Reference Sweetser 1990: 40
Comment
NEW Realization 12
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme karanlık
Meaning 1 darkness

karanlıkta çalışılmaz


it's impossible to work in the darkness

Direction
Meaning 2 unclear

mesele karanlakını muhafaza ediyor


the questin is still unclear.

Reference Baskakov 1977: 513
Comment
NEW Realization 13
Type Polysemy
Language Serbian
Lexeme таман (taman)
Meaning 1 dark (adj.)

тамна ноћ


dark night

Direction
Meaning 2 incomprehensible

реч тамног постања


word of unclear origin

Reference Vujanitsh et al. 2007: 1301
Comment
NEW Realization 14
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Hebrew
Lexeme חָשֹׁךְ ḥăšōḵ
Meaning 1 dark (adj.)

āšaḵ ha-ššämäš bǝ-ē(ˀ)ō wǝ-yārēaḥ lō(ˀ) yaggīah ˀōrō (Isa 13:10)



The sun will be dark when it rises, and the moon will not shed its light.

Direction
Meaning 2 obscure (fig.), insignificant, low

ḥazīṯā ˀīš māhīr bi-mla(ˀ)ḵtō li-p̄nē-mǝlāḵīm yiṯaṣṣāḇ bal-yiṯaṣṣēḇ li-p̄nē-ḥăšukīm (Pro 22:29)


Did you see a man diligent in his business? He shall stand before kings. He shall not stand before obscure (mean) men.

Reference HALOT: root 3312 BDB: 2823
Comment