Not quite clear whether Lexeme 1 actually denotes saffron or turmeric. For a discussion of the Soqotri terms and their cognates from other Semitic languages see Bulakh 2019:175-177.
saffron (Crocus sativus)
Brock. 309-10. The word meaning saffron is derived from the root meaning *wrḳ 'to be yellowish green' at the Protoaramaic level (the meaning of 'carthamus' has been developed only in Syrian, while 'saffron' has been registered in all Aramaic languages).