woman wife 42 realizations
ACCEPTED Realization 1
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme vanitā
Meaning 1 woman
Direction
Meaning 2 loved wife , mistress
Reference MW
Comment MW918, Кочергина 563. From vanita solicited , asked , wished for , desired , loved
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme mke
Meaning 1 wife mke mwenza
'one of the wives (in a mosleme family)'
Direction
Meaning 2 woman mke ajifunguaye
'a woman in labour'
Reference
Comment Polikanov
ACCEPTED Realization 3
Type Derivation
Language Kott
Lexeme 1 alat
Lexeme 2 alit
Meaning 1 woman
Direction
Meaning 2 wife
Reference
Comment Старостин 1995, 180
ACCEPTED Realization 4
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme زن zan
Meaning 1 woman
Direction
Meaning 2 wife زن گرفتن zan gereftan
'to marry'
Reference Rubinčik 1970: 766
Comment ПРС 420.
ACCEPTED Realization 5
Type Polysemy
Language Burmese
Lexeme мэ̀йммá
Meaning 1 woman
Direction
Meaning 2 wife
Reference
Comment Novikov et al. 1976, 421
ACCEPTED Realization 6
Type Derivation
Language Arin
Lexeme 1 kemel
Lexeme 2 kekmelte
Meaning 1 woman
Direction
Meaning 2 wife
Reference
Comment Старостин 1995, 266
ACCEPTED Realization 7
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme jáni
Meaning 1 woman
Direction
Meaning 2 wife
Reference MW
Comment MW 411, Кочергина 218
ACCEPTED Realization 8
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme femme
Meaning 1 woman femme aux yeux noirs
'a black-eyed woman'
Direction
Meaning 2 wife femme qui aime son mari
'a wife that loves her husband'
Reference CNRTL
Comment (MokshRS 22)
ACCEPTED Realization 9
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme kin
Meaning 1 woman
Meaning 2 wife
Reference
Comment АрмРС 350
ACCEPTED Realization 10
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 žena
Lexeme 2 ženščina
Meaning 1 wife
Meaning 2 woman
Reference
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 11
Type Polysemy
Language Aghul
Lexeme xir
Meaning 1 woman
Meaning 2 wife
Reference
Comment (Sulejmanov 2003). The same in the Tabassaran ШИВ, cf. (TabRus 349).
ACCEPTED Realization 12
Type Polysemy
Language Old Slavonic
Lexeme жена
Meaning 1 wife
Meaning 2 woman
Reference
Comment Both meanings are present in Bulg., Mac., Serb. жена, Slovak., Sloven., Czech žena.
ACCEPTED Realization 13
Type Polysemy
Language Moksha
Lexeme ава
Meaning 1 woman
Meaning 2 wife
Reference
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 14
Type Polysemy
Language Uzbek
Lexeme ayol
Meaning 1 woman
Meaning 2 wife
Reference
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 15
Type Polysemy
Language German
Lexeme Frau
Meaning 1 woman
Meaning 2 wife
Reference
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 16
Type Polysemy
Language Karaim
Lexeme хатын
Meaning 1 wife
Meaning 2 woman
Reference
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 17
Type Polysemy
Language Gagauz
Lexeme karı
Meaning 1 woman кары рубасы
'female clothes'
Meaning 2 wife
Reference
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 18
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme vadhū
Meaning 1 woman, the female of any animal , (esp.) a cow or mare
Direction
Meaning 2 a bride or newly-married woman , young wife spouse, any wife
Reference MW
Comment MW917, Кочергина 562. from vah MW933 to carry , transport; to be with child
ACCEPTED Realization 19
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme strīˊ
Meaning 1 woman , female , female of any animal
Direction
Meaning 2 wife, mother
Reference MW
Comment MW1260, Кочергина 752 from sū MW1240 to beget , procreate , bring forth , bear , produce , yield
ACCEPTED Realization 20
Type Polysemy
Language Icelandic
Lexeme kona
Meaning 1 woman tvær konur sátu við borðið
'two women were sitting at the table'
Direction
Meaning 2 wife vinirnir fóru saman á skemmtistað með konum sínum
'the friends were walking around the city with their wives'
Reference ISLEX
Comment Берков
ACCEPTED Realization 21
Type Polysemy
Language Lezgian
Lexeme pab
Meaning 1 woman паб я вун!
'you are fancy pants! (insult addressed to a man)'
Meaning 2 wife
Reference
Comment (LezgRus 256-257)
ACCEPTED Realization 22
Type Polysemy
Language Evenki
Lexeme асӣ (asī)
Meaning 1 woman
Direction
Meaning 2 wife
Reference Vasilevič 1958: 38 Boldyrev 2000: 1, 46
Comment The second meaning emerges in the presence of the possessive suffixes (asīv 'my wife' etc.)
ACCEPTED Realization 23
Type Polysemy
Language Geez
Lexeme bəʔsit
Meaning 1 woman bəʔsit nabiyt 'a female prophet' (Jud. 4:4)
Direction
Meaning 2 wife naśāʔkāhā təkunka bəʔsita 'you took her so that she becomes your wife' (Deut 21:11)
Reference LGz.: 83
Comment (LGz. 83; LLA 520).
ACCEPTED Realization 24
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme yoṣaṇā
Meaning 1 girl, maiden, young woman
Direction
Meaning 2 wife
Reference MW
Comment MW858, Кочергина 534
ACCEPTED Realization 25
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme pramadā
Meaning 1 woman
Direction
Meaning 2 wife
Reference
Comment Кочергина 435
ACCEPTED Realization 26
Type Polysemy
Language Kubachi
Lexeme хьунул
Meaning 1 woman ххял хьунне
'a lot of women'
Direction
Meaning 2 wife хьугулла уцце
' brother of wife'
Reference Magomedov, Saidov-Akkutta 2017: 399
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 27
Type Polysemy
Language Udmurt
Lexeme кышномурт
Meaning 1 woman
Direction
Meaning 2 wife
Reference Kirillova 2008
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 28
Type Polysemy
Language Abaza
Lexeme phʷəs
Meaning 1 woman
Direction
Meaning 2 wife
Reference Tugov 1967
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 29
Type Polysemy
Language Tofa
Lexeme эпшi
Meaning 1 woman өғнүӊ эъпшi ҷарыы
'female side of the chum'
Direction
Meaning 2 wife эъпшiӊ ғайдал?
'where is your wife?'
Reference Rassadin 2016: 583
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 30
Type Polysemy
Language Malto (Sauria Paharia, references do not distinguish from Kumarbhag Paharia)
Lexeme buḍya
Meaning 1 woman
Direction
Meaning 2 wife
Reference Mahapatra 1987: 97
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 31
Type Polysemy
Language Tamil
Lexeme āṭṭi
Meaning 1 woman
Direction
Meaning 2 wife
Reference Tamil lexicon: 216
Comment Also: piriyai (2704), peṇṭāṭṭi (2858).
ACCEPTED Realization 32
Type Polysemy
Language Kannada
Lexeme peṃḍati
Meaning 1 woman
Direction
Meaning 2 wife
Reference Kannada-English Etymological Dictionary: 655
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 33
Type Polysemy
Language Parji
Lexeme ayal
Meaning 1 woman
Direction
Meaning 2 wife
Reference Parji dictionary: 148
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 34
Type Polysemy
Language Gadaba (Kondekor- Mudhili)
Lexeme āyal
Meaning 1 woman
Direction
Meaning 2 wife
Reference Bhaskararao Konekor Gadaba language: 90
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 35
Type Polysemy
Language Kui
Lexeme mṛehali
Meaning 1 woman
Direction
Meaning 2 wife
Reference Winfield Kui Vocabulary: 79
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 36
Type Polysemy
Language Pengo
Lexeme āṛ
Meaning 1 woman
Direction
Meaning 2 wife
Reference Burrow-Bhattacharya's Pengo: 195
Comment
NEW Realization 37
Type Polysemy
Language Khamnigan Mongol
Lexeme gergen
Meaning 1 woman
Direction
Meaning 2 wife 1) mu:xail gergen či da: 2) gergen basagan
'1) you are a bad woman 2) old maid'
Reference Damdinov, Sundueva 2015: 113
Comment The meaning 'wife' is original here. Gergen is derived from ger 'house' and in many other Mongolic language has the only meaning 'wife'
NEW Realization 38
Type Polysemy
Language Batsbi
Lexeme 1 pstʼuy-nŏ
Lexeme 2 pstʼu
Meaning 1 woman
Direction
Meaning 2 wife
Reference Kadagidze & Kadagidze 1984: 593
Comment
NEW Realization 39
Type Polysemy
Language Serbian
Lexeme жена (žena)
Meaning 1 woman tlačenje žene od muškarca
'oppression of women by men'
Direction
Meaning 2 wife Carica Milica, žena Cara Lazara
'Tsarina Milica, wife of Tsar Lazar'
Reference CLARIN.SI
Comment
NEW Realization 40
Type Polysemy
Language Croatian
Lexeme žena
Meaning 1 woman
Direction
Meaning 2 wife moja žena
'my wife'
Reference HJP
Comment
NEW Realization 41
Type Polysemy
Language Malak-Malak
Lexeme alawarr
Meaning 1 woman
Direction
Meaning 2 wife
Reference Lindsay et al. 2017: 2
Comment
NEW Realization 42
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme hatun
Meaning 1 woman, madam, lady
Direction
Meaning 2 wife (colloquial)
Reference Baskakov 1977: 391
Comment