Number of realizations

6

people, nation

army

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Old Persian
Lexeme kāra-
Meaning 1 people
Meaning 2 army
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Кthe same I.-E. root has given: the Lith. kãras, kãrė ‘war’, Prus. kargis ‘army’, Old Icel. herr ‘army’, Got. harjis ‘army’, Old High Germ. heri ‘army’, Mid. Irel. cuire ‘crowd’
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 Old High German
Language 2 Hittite
Lexeme 1 diot
Lexeme 2 tuzzi-
Meaning 1 people
Meaning 2 army
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (Иванов, Гамкрелидзе 1984, 749)
Realization
Type Cognates
Language 1 Old East Slavic
Language 2 Old High German
Lexeme 1 пълкъ
Lexeme 2 folc
Meaning 1 army, troop, squad, fight, military campaign
Meaning 2 people, army
Reference
Related Languages
Comment По некоторым источникам, в рус. германизм.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme λαός
Meaning 1 people, population
Meaning 2 army
Reference
Related Languages
Comment LSJ 1029-1030
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Yakut
Lexeme сэрии
Meaning 1 people (colloq., figur.) пограничнай сэриилэр
"border troops"
Direction
Meaning 2 army сэрии үрдүгэр буор ыспат
"You cannot blanket the nation power with earth (proverb)"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ЯРС 368. The source meaning is that of "army".
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language 1 Chechen
Language 2 Avar
Lexeme 1 bʕo
Lexeme 2 bo
Meaning 1 army
Meaning 2 people; community (from several villages); army, troops
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The old lexeme meaning ‘people-army’. Reconstructed at the Proto-North-Caucasian level (Nikolayev, Starostin): *ʡwǝ̆hri ( ˜ -e) ‘troops, army’: Proto-Nakh: *bʡo, Proto-Avaro-Andi *ʔin-ħʷa, Proto-Tsez *ħɔz:ʷ, Proto-Lak *aIra-l, Proto-West-Caucasian *ŕǝ