people, nation army 6 realizations
ACCEPTED Realization 1
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme λαός
Meaning 1 people, population
Meaning 2 army
Comment LSJ 1029-1030
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Polysemy
Language 1 Chechen
Language 2 Avar
Lexeme 1 bʕo
Lexeme 2 bo
Meaning 1 army
Meaning 2 people; community (from several villages); army, troops
Comment The old lexeme meaning ‘people-army’. Reconstructed at the Proto-North-Caucasian level (Nikolayev, Starostin): *ʡwǝ̆hri ( ˜ -e) ‘troops, army’: Proto-Nakh: *bʡo, Proto-Avaro-Andi *ʔin-ħʷa, Proto-Tsez *ħɔz:ʷ, Proto-Lak *aIra-l, Proto-West-Caucasian *ŕǝ
ACCEPTED Realization 3
Type Cognates
Language 1 Old East Slavic
Language 2 Old High German
Lexeme 1 пълкъ
Lexeme 2 folc
Meaning 1 army, troop, squad, fight, military campaign
Meaning 2 people, army
Comment По некоторым источникам, в рус. германизм.
ACCEPTED Realization 4
Type Cognates
Language 1 Old High German
Language 2 Hittite
Lexeme 1 diot
Lexeme 2 tuzzi-
Meaning 1 people
Meaning 2 army
Comment (Иванов, Гамкрелидзе 1984, 749)
ACCEPTED Realization 5
Type Polysemy
Language Old Persian
Lexeme kāra-
Meaning 1 people
Meaning 2 army
Comment Кthe same I.-E. root has given: the Lith. kãras, kãrė ‘war’, Prus. kargis ‘army’, Old Icel. herr ‘army’, Got. harjis ‘army’, Old High Germ. heri ‘army’, Mid. Irel. cuire ‘crowd’
ACCEPTED Realization 6
Type Polysemy
Language Yakut
Lexeme сэрии
Meaning 1 people (colloq., figur.) пограничнай сэриилэр
border troops
Meaning 2 army сэрии үрдүгэр буор ыспат
You cannot blanket the nation power with earth (proverb)
Comment ЯРС 368. The source meaning is that of "army".