Number of realizations

20

to tremble

to fear

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Burmese
Lexeme тоун
Meaning 1 to vibrate, to tremble
Direction
Meaning 2 to be afraid
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Novikov et al. 1976, 251
Realization
Type Semantic evolution
Language French
Lexeme craindre
Meaning 1 to tremble
Direction
Meaning 2 to be afraid
Reference Doza 1956 page 201
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme vyath
Meaning 1 to tremble
Direction
Meaning 2 to be afraid of
Reference MW
Related Languages
Comment MW1031, Кочергина 626
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme sisim[u]ka
Meaning 1 to tremble sisimuka kwa baridi
"to tremble with cold"
Direction
Meaning 2 to shudder, to get scared
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Polikanov
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Erzya
Lexeme сорномс
Meaning 1 to tremble
Direction
Meaning 2 to be afraid
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ЭрзРС 603
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme srsp(h)al
Meaning 1 to tremble
Meaning 2 to be afraid
Reference
Related Languages
Comment АрмРС 620
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme trembler
Meaning 1 to tremble trembler de peur
"to tremble with fear"
Direction
Meaning 2 to be afraid Il tremblait d'apprendre la vérité.
"He was afraid to find out the truth."
Reference Larousse online
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme pavitare
Meaning 1 to tremble, to be feverish
Meaning 2 to be afraid
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Glare 1312-1313
Realization
Type Semantic evolution
Language 1 Ancient Greek
Language 2 Modern Greek
Lexeme φρίσσω
Meaning 1 to tremble, to quiver, to shiver
Meaning 2 to be afraid
Reference
Related Languages
Comment cf. also loanwords: Alb. frikë ‘worry, fear’, Rum. frică ‘fear’
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme τρέμω
Meaning 1 to tremble τρέμε δ᾽ οὔρεα
"the mountains trembled (Homer)"
Meaning 2 to be afraid πόσιν τρέμοσα, μὴ δόμων νιν ἐκβάλη
"fearing that her husband would kick her away"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment LSJ 1813. The same in the verb τρομέω
Realization
Type Semantic evolution
Language 1 Latin
Language 2 French
Lexeme 1 tremere
Lexeme 2 craindre
Meaning 1 to tremble
Meaning 2 to be afraid
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Glare 1969
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language German
Lexeme schaudern
Meaning 1 to tremble (with cold)
Meaning 2 to be terrified, to shudder
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Geez
Lexeme rəʕda
Meaning 1 tremble, quake rəʕdat wa-ʔadlaḳlaḳat mədr 'the earth quaked and shook' (Ps. 17:8)
Direction
Meaning 2 shudder wa-farhat yəʔəti bəʔəsit wa-rəʕdat 'and this woman was frightened and shook' (Mark 5:33)
Reference
Related Languages Cf. Tna. räʕadä 'to tremble with fright, fear; to panic, to be in a funk' (KT 593)
Comment (LGz. 459).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tigrinya
Lexeme tänḳäṭḳäṭä
Meaning 1 to tremble, shiver
Direction
Meaning 2 shudder, quiver, shake with fright ʔabboʔu nəḥawu kiharrəmo məsrəʔe bəzuḥ tänḳäṭḳäṭä 'He trembled a lot when he saw his father beat his brother'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment KT 1046; cf. also tänḳäṭḳaṭi 'timid, one who is frightened and trembles easily; tremblor, earthquake' (KT 1046).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Nganasan
Lexeme ңонiрмӱся
Meaning 1 to shudder, to startle
Direction
Meaning 2 to be scared
Reference
Related Languages
Comment НМС 2059
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Mandarin Chinese
Lexeme
Meaning 1 to wave, to vaccilate
Direction
Meaning 2 to tremble, to quiver (e.g. heart)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment БКРС 5189
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Geez
Lexeme dangaḍa
Meaning 1 to tremble, to shake wawwəʕu ʔəsrāʔel baʕabiy ḳāl wa-dangaḍat mədr 'and the Israelites shouted in a loud voice and the earth shook' (1 Reg. 4:5)
Direction
Meaning 2 to tremble from terror, fear, to be terrified, frightened dangiḍomu gʷayyu 'having been frightened, they fled' (Judith 15:2)
Reference
Related Languages
Comment (LLA 1119-1120)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme papa
Meaning 1 to beat, to pulsate
Direction
Meaning 2 to be anxious, to worry moyo unampaра
"He is worried"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Polikanov
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme tras
Meaning 1 to tremble , quiver
Direction
Meaning 2 to be afraid
Reference MW
Related Languages
Comment MW 457, Кочергина 249
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Udmurt
Lexeme куалектыны
Meaning 1 to shudder, to startle
Direction
Meaning 2 to be frightened
Reference УдмРС
Related Languages
Comment