long (size) long (period of time) 29 realizations
ACCEPTED Realization 1
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme räǧǧəm
Meaning 1 'long' räǧǧəm gämäd;
'long rope'
Direction
Meaning 2 'long (period of time)' and amät räǧǧəm gize näw
'a year is a long time'
Reference K: 405
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme δολιχός
Meaning 1 long
Direction
Meaning 2 long (of time)
Reference LSJ
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 3
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme μακρός
Meaning 1 long
Direction
Meaning 2 long μακρός ἧμαρ
long day
Reference LSJ: 1075
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 4
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme τᾰνᾰός
Meaning 1 long
Direction
Meaning 2 long
Reference
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 5
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Hebrew
Lexeme ʔrk (qal)
Meaning 1 ‘to be long’ wa-teʔĕraknā pōrōtāw
Ez 31:5: ‘its branches are long’
Direction
Meaning 2 ‘to be long-lasting’ yaʔarəkū hayyāmīm
Ez 12:22: ‘the days are long’
Reference HALAT: 85
Comment The same two meanings in the Accadian cognate, arāku (CAD AII 223), arku 'long' (CAD AII 283-285)
ACCEPTED Realization 6
Type Polysemy
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme ṭawīl-
Meaning 1 'long, tall, high'
Direction
Meaning 2 'long' ʔinna l-layl-a ṭawīl-un
'verily the night is long'
Reference Lane: 1897
Comment
NEW Realization 7
Type Polysemy
Language Croatian
Lexeme dug
Meaning 1 long (size)

duga košulja


long shirt

Direction
Meaning 2 long (period of time)

dugo vrijeme


long time

Reference HJP
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 8
Type Polysemy
Language Danish
Lexeme lang
Meaning 1 long (size) langt hår
long hair
Direction
Meaning 2 long (period of time) langt liv
a long life
Reference DDO
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 9
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme long
Meaning 1 long (size) long corridor
a long corridor
Direction
Meaning 2 long (period of time) longue période
a long period
Reference CNRTL
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 10
Type Polysemy
Language Fula
Lexeme juunta
Meaning 1 to be long
Direction
Meaning 2 to be long (etre long (temps))
Reference Zubko 1980: 281
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 11
Type Polysemy
Language Geez
Lexeme nawāḫ, nawiḫ
Meaning 1 'long' ḥabl nawāḫ
'a long rope' (Jes. 5:18)
Direction
Meaning 2 'long (period of time)' nawāḫ ḥəywat;
'a long life' (Dan. 7:12);
Reference LLA: 674
Comment The same meanings are also preserved in Tigrinya näwiḥ (KT 1346-1347
NEW Realization 12
Type Polysemy
Language Hungarian
Lexeme hosszú
Meaning 1 long (size)

Hosszú árok, hosszú kerítés, hosszú út


Long ditch, long fence, long road

Direction
Meaning 2 long (period of time)

Hosszú élet, hosszú utazás


Long life, long journey

Reference MEK 1978
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 13
Type Polysemy
Language Icelandic
Lexeme langur
Meaning 1 long (size) langur kaðall
a long rope
Direction
Meaning 2 long (period of time) veturinn hefur verið langur
the winter was long
Reference ISLEX
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 14
Type Polysemy
Language Itelmen
Lexeme ивлаҳ
Meaning 1 long кутҳăс хи'ивлаҳ
a very long road
Direction
Meaning 2 long ламл̹ қл̹ҳэ'л хи'ивлаҳа'н
In summer days are very long
Reference Volodin, Xalojmova 1989: 25 PIRS: 60
Comment
NEW Realization 15
Type Polysemy
Language Komi
Lexeme кузь
Meaning 1 long
Direction
Meaning 2 long (period of time)
Reference Beznosikova et al. 2000
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 16
Type Polysemy
Language Koryak
Lexeme нив'лыӄин
Meaning 1 long
Direction
Meaning 2 long (of time)
Reference Moll 1960: 74
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 17
Type Polysemy
Language Kurdish
Lexeme dirēž
Meaning 1 long
Direction
Meaning 2 long
Reference Cabolov: I, 311
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 18
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme longus
Meaning 1 having (great) linear extent, long gladius longus
long sword
Direction
Meaning 2 long (of a period of time) vita longa
long life
Reference Glare: 1042
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 19
Type Polysemy
Language Lezgian
Lexeme яргъи (jarʁi)
Meaning 1 long яргъи хьун
to elongate, to grow (e.g. Hair)
Direction
Meaning 2 long
Reference LezgRus: 404
Comment
NEW Realization 20
Type Polysemy
Language Nivkh
Lexeme кыла
Meaning 1 long (size)

кыла к’е


long fishing net

Direction
Meaning 2 long (period of time)

кыла т’улф


long winter

Reference Savel'eva, Taksami 1970: 126
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 21
Type Polysemy
Language Norwegian
Lexeme lang
Meaning 1 long (size) et langt tau
a long rope
Direction
Meaning 2 long (period of time) en lang stund
a long time
Reference BO
Comment
NEW Realization 22
Type Polysemy
Language Romanian
Lexeme lung
Meaning 1 long (size)
Direction
Meaning 2 long (period of time)
Reference MDA2
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 23
Type Semantic evolution
Language Russian
Lexeme долгий (dolgij)
Meaning 1 long (archaic) волос долог, да ум короток
long hair, short intellect
Direction
Meaning 2 continued долгие зимние вечера
long winter evenings
Reference BAS: 3, 931-933
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 24
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme длинный (dlinnyj)
Meaning 1 long a. Длинная улица 'Long street'. b. Длинный забор 'Long fence'. c. Длинное платье 'Long dress'. d. Длинный путь 'Long way'.
Direction
Meaning 2 longstanding a. Длинный день 'a long day'. b. Длинный рассказ 'a long story'.
Reference BAS: 3, 820
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 25
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme dīrghá
Meaning 1 long (in space)
Direction
Meaning 2 long , for a long time
Reference MW
Comment MW 481 cf. the noun. dīrghatā 'length' and 'endurance'. Кочергина 271-272
NEW Realization 26
Type Derivation
Language Selkup
Lexeme 1 ӄунда́ек
Lexeme 2 ӄунд ~ ӄу́ндэ, ку́ндэк ~ ку́ндэӈ
Meaning 1 long (size) а̄ кундáек
not far off
Direction
Meaning 2 long (period of time) Кунд кыга́к варгэгу́.
I want to live long
Reference Consolidated Selkup
Comment
NEW Realization 27
Type Polysemy
Language Serbian
Lexeme дуг (dug)
Meaning 1 long (size)

Хаљина јој је дуга.


Her dress is long.

Direction
Meaning 2 long (period of time)

дуга болест, дуга расправа


long illness, long discussion

Reference Vujanitsh et al. 2007: 330
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 28
Type Polysemy
Language Swedish
Lexeme lång
Meaning 1 long (size) ett långt rep
a long rope
Direction
Meaning 2 long (period of time) ett långt liv
a long life
Reference SAO
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 29
Type Polysemy
Language Yakut
Lexeme намылҕа
Meaning 1 long намылҕа таҥас
1) long clothes 2) long maned (horse)
Direction
Meaning 2 long (of time) намылҕа сырыы
long journey, long conversation,
Reference Slepcov 1972: 252
Comment