Number of realizations

5

soul

butterfly

Realization
Type Derivation
Language Latin
Lexeme 1 anima
Lexeme 2 animulus, animula
Meaning 1 soul
Direction
Meaning 2 night butterfly
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Glare 132, Журавлев 2005, 560
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme ψυχή
Meaning 1 soul μῆνιν ἄειδε θεὰ Πηληϊάδεω Ἀχιλῆος οὐλομένην, ἣ μυρί’ Ἀχαιοῖς ἄλγε’ ἔθηκε, πολλὰς δ’ ἰφθίμους ψυχὰς Ἄϊδι προΐαψεν ἡρώων, αὐτοὺς δὲ ἑλώρια τεῦχε κύνεσσιν οἰωνοῖσί τε πᾶσι, Διὸς δ’ ἐτελείετο βουλή.
"Rage — Goddess, sing the rage of Peleus' son Achilles, […] doomed, that cost the Achaeans countless losses, hurling down to the House of Death so many sturdy […] great fighters’ souls, but made their bodies carrion, feasts for the dogs and birds, and the will of Zeus was moving toward its end. (Homer, Iliad 1.1–5, translation by Robert Fagles)"
Direction
Meaning 2 moth Γίνονται δ’ αἱ μὲν καλούμεναι ψυχαὶ ἐκ τῶν καμπῶν, αἳ γίνονται ἐπὶ τῶν φύλλων τῶν χλωρῶν, καὶ μάλιστα ἐπὶ τῆς ῥαφάνου, ἣν καλοῦσί τινες κράμβην.
"Those arise — those which one calls butterflies (psukhai) — out of those caterpillars which arise on leaves of green, especially on the [leaves] of the cabbage-plant, which some call cabbage ( Aristotle, History of Animals 5.19)."
Reference François 2008 page 195
Related Languages
Comment LSJ 2026-2027. 'animating principle of a human or animal body', 'spirit or soul thought of as distinct from the body and leaving it at death', 'a disembodied spirit, a shade or ghost', 'spirit (animated attitude), conscious self, personality as centre of emotions, desires and affections'.
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 duša
Lexeme 2 dušička
Meaning 1 soul
Meaning 2 moth
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The idioms of Yaroslavlj (Черных, 1, 63)
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Wakhi
Lexeme 1 arwó
Lexeme 2 arwo(h)əˊk
Meaning 1 late ancestor's soul
Direction
Meaning 2 moth, night butterfly
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Стеблин-Каменский 1999, 86
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tofa
Lexeme үзүдэк
Meaning 1 soul of shaman
Direction
Meaning 2 moth бодуӊнуӊ ыъртчыларыӊ үзүдəə үғдэшсiн
"may the souls of your great shamans help"
Reference Rassadin 2016 page 449
Related Languages
Comment