Number of realizations

11

breathing

soul

Realization
Type Derivation
Language Nganasan
Lexeme 1 бачебса, бачюо
Lexeme 2 бачюʔ
Meaning 1 breath
Direction
Meaning 2 soul
Reference
Related Languages
Comment НМС, 78-80
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Latin
Lexeme 1 spirare
Lexeme 2 spiritus
Meaning 1 to blow, to breathe
Direction
Meaning 2 spirit
Reference François 2008 page 195
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Icelandic
Lexeme andi
Meaning 1 breath halda niðri í sér andanum
"to hold one's breath"
Direction
Meaning 2 soul Andar framliðinna voru á sveimi
"The souls of the dead were floating around"
Reference ISLEX
Related Languages
Comment Берков
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Arabic
Lexeme 1 nafas-
Lexeme 2 nafs-
Meaning 1 puff, breath
Direction
Meaning 2 soul
Reference
Related Languages
Comment BK II 1310
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme anima
Meaning 1 breath anima continere
"to hold one's breath"
Direction
Meaning 2 soul
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Glare 132
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Syriac
Lexeme 1 nəšam
Lexeme 2 nəšamtā
Meaning 1 'spiravit'
Direction
Meaning 2 'spiritus, anima'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Brock. 451; Payne Smith 2476-77; in SED I, no. 51, the Protosemitic verb *nšm 'to breath' is reconstructed, and also the Protosemitic noun *nVšam(-at)- 'breath, respiration', with later development into 'spirit, soul'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme ātman
Meaning 1 breath
Direction
Meaning 2 the individual soul, spiritual force of the person
Reference François 2008 page 194
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme psūkhē
Meaning 1 breath
Direction
Meaning 2 soul
Reference François 2008 page 194
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Aleut
Lexeme anr(i)
Meaning 1 breath
Direction
Meaning 2 spirit, soul
Reference François 2008 page 197
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Beja
Lexeme šūk
Meaning 1 breathing, breath
Direction
Meaning 2 soul
Reference François 2008 page 199
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Semantic evolution
Language 1 Latin
Language 2 French
Lexeme 1 anima
Lexeme 2 âme
Meaning 1 breathing
Direction
Meaning 2 soul
Reference Sakhno 2009 page 95
Related Languages
Comment