Number of realizations

15

free of charge

in vain

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Serbo-Croatian
Lexeme džabe
Meaning 1 for free, for nothing
Direction
Meaning 2 in vain
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Cf. Rumanian and Gagauz
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hausa
Lexeme a banza
Meaning 1 for nothing, for free
Direction
Meaning 2 in vain
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Хауса 12
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tabassaran
Lexeme hawajidi
Meaning 1 for free, very cheaply гьавайиди алабхъунзуз
"I got it very for a very low price"
Meaning 2 in vain уву гьавайиди гъягъюб гъабхьну
"You should not have gone there."
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The same in Lezgian (гьавайда), cf. (LezgRus 96).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme darom
Meaning 1 for nothing, for free a. Даром не брать ничего, а платить. 'Don't take anything for free, you should pay.' b. Лошадку даром взял, за 30 рублей. ' I got the horse practically for nothing, for 30 roubles.'
Direction
Meaning 2 in vain a. Все труды пропали даром. 'All work was vain.' b. Даром слова не молви, на ветер. 'Do not say a word in vain, to the four winds.' c. Даром (попусту) молва не ходит. 'The rumours do not spread for nothing.'
Reference
Related Languages Ср. польск. zadar 'даром' и 'напрасно'. Из слав. языков заимствовано в рум. zadar 'напрасно, бесполезно' DER 848
Comment Cf. examples with negation from Dal': Недаром ("не зря") говорится, что дело не годится 'Not for nothing it is said, that this thing is not good'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Nanaj
Lexeme бай
Meaning 1 for free, for nothing
Meaning 2 in vain
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Оненко 56.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Romanian
Lexeme degeaba
Meaning 1 for free, for nothing
Direction
Meaning 2 in vain
Reference DEX98
Related Languages
Comment DEX98, NODEX
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language German
Lexeme umsonst
Meaning 1 for free, for nothing
Direction
Meaning 2 in vain
Reference Duden page 777
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Gagauz
Lexeme dicäba
Meaning 1 for free, for nothing
Direction
Meaning 2 in vain
Reference
Related Languages
Comment ГРМС 141. The polysemic lexeme has been borrowed from Rumanian. Cf. also the form җaба with the same meanings (ГРМС 183).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Komi
Lexeme прöста
Meaning 1 for free прöста босьтны
"to take for free"
Direction
Meaning 2 in vain прöста мырсьыны
"to make efforts in vain"
Reference
Related Languages
Comment КомиРС 531
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme μέλεος
Meaning 1 gratuitious, undeserved
Meaning 2 vain
Reference
Related Languages
Comment LSJ 1096 проверить
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Serbo-Croatian
Lexeme badava
Meaning 1 for free, for nothing
Direction
Meaning 2 in vain
Reference
Related Languages
Comment [̃Толстой, с. 24].The same polysemy in Bulg. бадева.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme bwerere
Meaning 1 for free, for nothing
Direction
Meaning 2 something useless
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Polikanov
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tigrinya
Lexeme bəbəlaš
Meaning 1 'in vain, for nothing, gratis'
Direction
Meaning 2 'uselessly, in vain'
Reference
Related Languages
Comment KT 1091
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ukrainian
Lexeme durno
Meaning 1 for free, for nothing (colloq.)
Direction
Meaning 2 in vain
Reference
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Cognates
Language Evenki
Lexeme bosko
Meaning 1 for free, for nothing
Direction
Meaning 2 in vain
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The meanings are distributed between dialects