silver money 84 realizations
ACCEPTED Realization 1
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme argent
Meaning 1 silver argent fin
'fine silver'
Direction
Meaning 2 money avoir de l'argent
'to have money'
Reference CNRTL
Comment from Latin argentum 'silver'
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Polysemy
Language Fula
Lexeme kaalis[i]
Meaning 1 money
Direction
Meaning 2 silver
Reference Zubko 1980: 286 Saggitorde Oumar Bah 2009: 144 Niang Mamadou 1996: 52
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 3
Type Polysemy
Language Thai
Lexeme ngə̄n
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money, currency ngə̄n-kin-plâu
'tips'
Reference Morev 1964: 181
Comment Probably from ŋiŋ 'silver' in Teochew dialect of Chaoshan Min, a Southern Min language
ACCEPTED Realization 4
Type Polysemy
Language Lak
Lexeme arcu
Meaning 1 silver арцул кIисса
'silver ring'
Direction
Meaning 2 money чагъар арцу
'paper money'
Reference
Comment (Khajdakov 1962: 35-36)
ACCEPTED Realization 5
Type Polysemy
Language Kubachi
Lexeme ас
Meaning 1 silver асла кулухме
'silver bracelets'
Direction
Meaning 2 money юлдашлидил дила асла чибла чигьаккай
'friend returned me a cash debt'
Reference Magomedov, Saidov-Akkutta 2017: 53
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 6
Type Polysemy
Language Botlikh
Lexeme арси
Meaning 1 silver арси баштаб гъерабдалъи
'silver spoons'
Direction
Meaning 2 money арси игьи
'to earn money'
Reference Alekseev, Azaev 2019: 33-34
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 7
Type Polysemy
Language Kawi (Old Javanese)
Lexeme pirak
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference ACD
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 8
Type Polysemy
Language Tboli
Lexeme filak
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money, coin
Reference ACD
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 9
Type Polysemy
Language Mapun (Bajaw)
Lexeme pilak
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 peso, money
Reference ACD
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 10
Type Polysemy
Language Tiruray
Lexeme filak
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money, a peso
Reference ACD
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 11
Type Polysemy
Language Maranao
Lexeme pirak
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference ACD SEAlang Maranao
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 12
Type Polysemy
Language Cebuano
Lexeme pílak
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference ACD
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 13
Type Polysemy
Language Hanunoo
Lexeme pílak
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 coinage, money
Reference ACD
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 14
Type Polysemy
Language Bikol
Lexeme pírak
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference ACD
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 15
Type Polysemy
Language Tagalog
Lexeme pílak
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference ACD
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 16
Type Polysemy
Language Kapampangan
Lexeme pílak
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference ACD
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 17
Type Polysemy
Language Pangasinan
Lexeme pilák
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money (esp. silver coins)
Reference ACD
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 18
Type Cognates
Language 1 Pangasinan
Language 2 Ibaloy
Lexeme 1 pilák
Lexeme 2 pilak
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference ACD
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 19
Type Polysemy
Language Casiguran Dumagat
Lexeme pílak
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 coin
Reference ACD
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 20
Type Polysemy
Language Ifugaw
Lexeme pilák
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference ACD
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 21
Type Polysemy
Language Kankanaey
Lexeme pilák
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money, coin, cash
Reference ACD
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 22
Type Cognates
Language 1 Itbayaten
Language 2 Bontok
Lexeme 1 pilak
Lexeme 2 pilák
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference ACD
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 23
Type Polysemy
Language Isneg
Lexeme piráʔ
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money; coin, piece of money
Reference ACD
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 24
Type Polysemy
Language Ilocano
Lexeme pirák
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference ACD
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 25
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme fedha
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference World Loanword Database Rechenbach 1967: 92
Comment From Arabian fiḍḍa 'silver'.
ACCEPTED Realization 26
Type Polysemy
Language Seychellois Creole
Lexeme larzan
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference World Loanword Database
Comment From French l'argent
ACCEPTED Realization 27
Type Polysemy
Language Old Georgian
Lexeme okroy (ოქროჲ)
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference Abulaʒe 1973: 335
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 28
Type Polysemy
Language Bezhta
Lexeme окко
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference World Loanword Database
Comment From Georgian
ACCEPTED Realization 29
Type Polysemy
Language Archi
Lexeme arsi
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference World Loanword Database
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 30
Type Polysemy
Language White Hmong (Hmong Daw)
Lexeme nyiaj
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference World Loanword Database
Comment From Old Chinese *[ŋ]rə[n] 'silver'
NEW Realization 31
Type Derivation
Language Selkup
Lexeme 1 чаӷ ӄомдэ́
Lexeme 2 ӄомдэ́
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference Consolidated Selkup
Comment 'white money'
NEW Realization 32
Type Polysemy
Language Batsbi
Lexeme ṭateb
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference Bertlani (ed.) 2013: 299
Comment
NEW Realization 33
Type Polysemy
Language Vietnamese
Lexeme bạc
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money Đánh bạc
'to play for money'
Reference Bùi Hiền 2017: 27
Comment
NEW Realization 34
Type Polysemy
Language Mongolian (Khalkha)
Lexeme möngö
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference BAMRS 2001-2002
Comment
NEW Realization 35
Type Polysemy
Language Khamnigan Mongol
Lexeme münge(n)
Meaning 1 silver mengen ča:s
'silver watches'
Direction
Meaning 2 money ca:rsun menge
'paper money'
Reference Damdinov, Sundueva 2015: 207
Comment
NEW Realization 36
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme bər (ብር)
Meaning 1 silver

'
'
Direction
Meaning 2 birr (unit of currency)

'
'
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
NEW Realization 37
Type Semantic evolution
Language Irish Gaelic
Lexeme airgead
Meaning 1 silver

Or agus airgead


'

gold and silver

'
Direction
Meaning 2 money

airgead laimhe, airgead poca


'

cash on hand, pocket-money

'
Reference Ó Dónaill 1977: 27
Comment
NEW Realization 38
Type Polysemy
Language Vietnamese
Lexeme ngân
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference SEAlang Vietnamese
Comment
NEW Realization 39
Type Polysemy
Language Modern Mon
Lexeme sɔn
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money, (when quantified) unit of money, kyat, rupee, baht, tical
Reference SEAlang Mon
Comment
NEW Realization 40
Type Polysemy
Language Shan
Lexeme ŋɯn4
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money, currency
Reference SEAlang Shan
Comment
NEW Realization 41
Type Polysemy
Language Shan
Lexeme ʔa1 sʰa1 pjaa2
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference SEAlang Shan
Comment

From Pali

NEW Realization 42
Type Polysemy
Language Alabama
Lexeme toknaawa
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference Alabama dictionary
Comment
NEW Realization 43
Type Polysemy
Language Burmese
Lexeme ngwei (ငွေ)
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money (in coins or currency notes).
Reference SEAlang Burmrse
Comment
NEW Realization 44
Type Polysemy
Language Hiligaynon
Lexeme pílak
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference SEAlang Hiligaynon
Comment
NEW Realization 45
Type Polysemy
Language Indonesian
Lexeme perak
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 (Dutch colonial period) the silver guilder; (colloquial) rupiah
Reference SEALang Indonesia
Comment
NEW Realization 46
Type Polysemy
Language Khmer
Lexeme prak
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference SEAlang Khmer
Comment
NEW Realization 47
Type Polysemy
Language Lao
Lexeme sátsū (ສັດຊຸ)
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference SEAlang Lao
Comment
NEW Realization 48
Type Polysemy
Language Lao
Lexeme ŋə́n (ເງິນ)
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference SEAlang Lao
Comment
NEW Realization 49
Type Polysemy
Language Brazilian Portuguese
Lexeme prata
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference DPLP
Comment
NEW Realization 50
Type Polysemy
Language Galician
Lexeme prata
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference DDDDLG
Comment
NEW Realization 51
Type Polysemy
Language Classical Armenian
Lexeme arcatʿ (արծաթ)
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money

arcatʿoy tal, vačaṙel (արծաթոյ տալ, վաճառել)


'

to sell for ready money

'
Reference Petrosean, Matatʿeay 1879
Comment
NEW Realization 52
Type Polysemy
Language Romanian
Lexeme argint
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference DEX98
Comment

especially in pl. arginți. Argint 'object of silver' has another plural form (arginturi)

NEW Realization 53
Type Polysemy
Language Tunebo (Uwa)
Lexeme raya
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference Headland 1997: 159
Comment
NEW Realization 54
Type Polysemy
Language Tehuelche
Lexeme ta:n
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference Fernández Garay 2004: 115
Comment
NEW Realization 55
Type Polysemy
Language Achuar
Lexeme kuík
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference Fast & Fast & Fast 2008: 169
Comment
NEW Realization 56
Type Semantic evolution
Language 1 Latin
Language 2 Old Spanish
Lexeme 1 argentum
Lexeme 2 ariento
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 a certain silver coin used in the kingdoms of Castile and León; (biblical) a piece of silver, a shekel

E vendieró le por. xx. ariétos. El ariento ualia dẏńo ¬ medio. ço ſó xxx. dẏneros. ( Fazienda de Ultramar, f. 5v., early 13th century)


'

And [so] they sold him for twenty shekels. The shekel was worth a denarius and a half, so it was thirty denarii [in all].

'
Reference English Wiktionary
Comment
NEW Realization 57
Type Polysemy
Language Ute
Lexeme pana-qa-rʉ
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference Givón 2016: 171
Comment
NEW Realization 58
Type Polysemy
Language Pela (Bolo)
Lexeme ŋø⁵⁵
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 (fig.) money
Reference Dai Qingxia 2007
Comment
NEW Realization 59
Type Polysemy
Language Northern Haida
Lexeme dáalaa
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money

dáalaa stliihl'wáay


'

silver ring

'
Reference Lachler 2010: 673
Comment

From dollar

NEW Realization 60
Type Polysemy
Language Southern Haida
Lexeme daall
Meaning 1 silver

7aa.uu dang gyaara daallraay 7iiji.


'

Here is your money.

'
Direction
Meaning 2 money

Stlagaaran daalee 'la tla.àwhlaang


'

He is making the silver into a bracelet.

'
Reference Enrico 2005: 87
Comment
NEW Realization 61
Type Polysemy
Language Dakota
Lexeme ma'-za-ska
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money; dollar
Reference Riggs 1995: 311
Comment
NEW Realization 62
Type Polysemy
Language Lakota
Lexeme mázaska
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money; dollar
Reference Ingham 2001: 219 Buechel, Manhart 2002: 197
Comment
NEW Realization 63
Type Polysemy
Language Wanano (Guanano, Piratapuyo)
Lexeme niñeru
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference Waltz et al. 2007: 151
Comment

From Spanish dinero or Portuguese dinheiro

NEW Realization 64
Type Polysemy
Language Aymara
Lexeme qullqi
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference Paytani Arupirwa 2020: 192
Comment
NEW Realization 65
Type Polysemy
Language Ojibwe
Lexeme zhoniia
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference Baraga 1853: 315
Comment
NEW Realization 66
Type Polysemy
Language Chippewa (Minnesota Ojibwe)
Lexeme zhooniyaawaabik
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference Nichols, Nyholm 1995.: 128
Comment
NEW Realization 67
Type Polysemy
Language Western Abenaki
Lexeme môni
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference Day 1994: 334
Comment

From English money or French monnaie

NEW Realization 68
Type Polysemy
Language Tahitian
Lexeme moni
Meaning 1 silver

E niho moni tona. E piti tore moni tō terā fa'ehau, e aha ïa 'oia?


'

He has a silver tooth. This soldier has two silver stripes, so what is his rank?

'
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference Académie Tahitienne
Comment
NEW Realization 69
Type Polysemy
Language Spanish
Lexeme plata
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 (America) money

No tengo plata para comprar.

Reference DRAE
Comment
NEW Realization 70
Type Derivation
Language So (Uganda)
Lexeme 1 bɛl
Lexeme 2 us-ie bel-i
Meaning 1 silver (colour)
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference Heine, Eithne 2010: 5
Comment us-ie bel-i lit. ‘silver things’. Also bel-i lit. ‘which are silver’
NEW Realization 71
Type Polysemy
Language Shingazidja (Comorian)
Lexeme fédha
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference Cassimjee, Kisseberth 2010: 84
Comment
NEW Realization 72
Type Polysemy
Language Ga
Lexeme jwetri
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference Kropp Dakubu 2009: 101
Comment
NEW Realization 73
Type Polysemy
Language Doyayo
Lexeme tus3(ɛ)2
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference Djataou 2012: 135
Comment
NEW Realization 74
Type Polysemy
Language Kinyarwanda
Lexeme igikoroto
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 coin, metal piece of money; change
Reference Habumuremyi, Uwamahoro 2006: 150
Comment
NEW Realization 75
Type Polysemy
Language Kinyarwanda
Lexeme igiceri
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 coin, metal piece of money; change
Reference Habumuremyi, Uwamahoro 2006: 157
Comment
NEW Realization 76
Type Polysemy
Language Bravanese (Chimwiini)
Lexeme feða
Meaning 1 silver

Hufula ðahabu na feðá. ‘He forges gold and silver.’ Khkooða ni feða kumaamala ðahabu. ‘To speak is silver, to keep quiet is gold.’ (A proverb.), ltaki la feða ‘a silver necklace’

Direction
Meaning 2 money

Huseeni shtomola feða chiwapa. ‘Huseeni took out the money and gave it to them.’ Alí fanyize kaazi fmiingi weshele feða. ‘Ali did a lot of work and saved money.’

Reference Kisseberth: 302
Comment
NEW Realization 77
Type Polysemy
Language Masai
Lexeme ɛn-kɔ́shɔ́láí
Meaning 1 silver piece
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference Payne, Ole-Kotikash 2008
Comment
NEW Realization 78
Type Derivation
Language Fataluku
Lexeme 1 lavan-pitinu
Lexeme 2 lavanu, lavan
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference Nácher 2012: 197
Comment
NEW Realization 79
Type Borrowing
Language 1 English
Language 2 Ngan'gi
Lexeme 1 silver
Lexeme 2 tyilfa
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 coins

Tyilfa pagu yimingindi wa?


'

You got any coins for me?

'
Reference Reid, McTaggart 2008: 138
Comment
NEW Realization 80
Type Polysemy
Language North Alaskan Inuit (Iñupiaq)
Lexeme 1 manik qatiqtaaq
Lexeme 2 manik
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference MacLean 2012: 286
Comment
NEW Realization 81
Type Derivation
Language Chinook Jargon
Lexeme 1 chikamin dolla
Lexeme 2 dolla
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 dollar, money
Reference Gibbs 1863
Comment

'white money'

NEW Realization 82
Type Polysemy
Language Tlingit
Lexeme dáanaa
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 dollar, money
Reference Edwards 2018: 55
Comment
NEW Realization 83
Type Polysemy
Language Quechua
Lexeme qolqe
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference AMLQ: 460
Comment
NEW Realization 84
Type Derivation
Language Highland Chinantec
Lexeme 1 cuteeˋ
Lexeme 2 cuu¯
Meaning 1 silver
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference Goodwin et al. 2021: 19
Comment

'money white'