frog tortoise, turtle 26 realizations
ACCEPTED Realization 1
Type Derivation
Language Avar
Lexeme 1 къверкъ
Lexeme 2 щурункъверкъ
Meaning 1 frog, toad
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle
Reference Gimbatov 2006
Comment From шурун 'dish, cup'. Also dial. цІиликъверкъ (probably from цІил 'cartilage'), dial. тІалакъверкъ (probably from тІала 'floor, tier; layer; beehive; basket, box', тІакъна 'roof')
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Cognates
Language 1 Ossetian
Language 2 Farsi
Lexeme 1 хӕфс (xæfs) / хӕфсӕ (xæfsæ)
Lexeme 2 kašaf
Meaning 1 frog
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle
Reference Abaev: IV, 162-163
Comment Turtle in Ossetic is уӕртджы́н хӕфс (wærtǵýn xæfs) 'a frog with a shield'.
ACCEPTED Realization 3
Type Derivation
Language Mongolian (Khalkha)
Lexeme 1 мэлхий (melxiy)
Lexeme 2 яст мэлхий (yast melxiy)
Meaning 1 frog
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle
Reference BAMRS 2001-2002
Comment yast melxiy literally 'a frog with bones'
ACCEPTED Realization 4
Type Cognates
Language 1 Mongolian (Khalkha)
Language 2 Buriat
Lexeme 1 melxiy
Lexeme 2 melxei
Meaning 1 frog
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle
Reference Šagdarov, Čeremisov 2010: 575
Comment Khalkha form is from BAMRS.
ACCEPTED Realization 5
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme bağa
Meaning 1 frog
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle bağa tarak
'tortoise comb'
Reference Baskakov 1977: 88
Comment Also Turkish kaplumbağa 'turtle, tortoise' ('covered frog'), tosbağa (zoology) 'turtle' ('stone + frog'). The word tosbağa is only common in a zoological context, where it is used to make a distinction between turtles and tortoises. Except for that, most people use the word kaplumbağa for both of the animals
ACCEPTED Realization 6
Type Derivation
Language Azerbaijani
Lexeme 1 qurbağa
Lexeme 2 bağa
Meaning 1 frog qurbağa qurultusu
'frog croaking'
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle dǝniz bağası
'sea turtle'
Reference Azǝrbaycanca rusca lüğǝt: I - 208, III - 218
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 7
Type Derivation
Language Low German
Lexeme 1 padde
Lexeme 2 schiltpadde
Meaning 1 toad
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 8
Type Derivation
Language Danish
Lexeme 1 padde
Lexeme 2 skildpadde
Meaning 1 amphibian
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle
Reference Krymova et al. 2004
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 9
Type Derivation
Language Dutch
Lexeme 1 pad
Lexeme 2 schildpad
Meaning 1 frog
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle
Reference Mironov 1987
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 10
Type Derivation
Language Estonian
Lexeme 1 konn
Lexeme 2 kilpkonn
Meaning 1 frog
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 11
Type Derivation
Language Finnish
Lexeme 1 konna
Lexeme 2 kilpikonna
Meaning 1 toad
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle
Reference Vahros, Ščerbakov 2007
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 12
Type Derivation
Language Galician
Lexeme 1 sapo
Lexeme 2 sapoconcho
Meaning 1 toad
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle
Reference DRAG
Comment concho 'shelled'
ACCEPTED Realization 13
Type Derivation
Language German
Lexeme 1 Kröte
Lexeme 2 Schildkröte
Meaning 1 toad
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle
Reference Duden
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 14
Type Derivation
Language Hungarian
Lexeme 1 béka
Lexeme 2 teknősbéka
Meaning 1 frog
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle
Reference MEK 1978
Comment From teknős 'testacean, testaceous' from teknő 'tortoise shell' +‎ -s (suffix added to a noun to form an adjective meaning 'having something, a quality') . This word, though common, is often denounced on the grounds that this reptile has nothing to do with béka 'frog', an amphibian; the correct term being simply teknős (coinciding with the informal, elliptic form of the above).
ACCEPTED Realization 15
Type Derivation
Language Icelandic
Lexeme 1 skjöldur
Lexeme 2 skjaldbaka
Meaning 1 frog
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle
Reference ISLEX
Comment bak 'back'
ACCEPTED Realization 16
Type Derivation
Language Latvian
Lexeme 1 rupucis
Lexeme 2 bruņurupucis
Meaning 1 frog
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment bruņu genitive plural from bruņas 'armor' (plural only)
ACCEPTED Realization 17
Type Derivation
Language Kazakh
Lexeme 1 бақа
Lexeme 2 тасбақа
Meaning 1 frog
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 18
Type Derivation
Language Bashkir
Lexeme 1 баҡа
Lexeme 2 ташбаҡа
Meaning 1 frog
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle Ташбаҡа ҡабығы.
'Turtle shell.'
Reference Axmerov K. et al. 1958
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 19
Type Derivation
Language Kyrghyz
Lexeme 1 бака
Lexeme 2 ташбака
Meaning 1 frog
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle
Reference Judaxin (ed.) 1957
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 20
Type Derivation
Language Uzbek
Lexeme 1 baqa
Lexeme 2 toshbaqa
Meaning 1 frog
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 21
Type Derivation
Language Uighur
Lexeme 1 paqa
Lexeme 2 tashpaqa
Meaning 1 frog
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 22
Type Polysemy
Language West Frisian
Lexeme 1 podde
Lexeme 2 skyldpod
Meaning 1 toad
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 23
Type Derivation
Language Romanian
Lexeme 1 broască
Lexeme 2 broască-țestoasă
Meaning 1 frog
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle
Reference MDA2
Comment 'shelled frog'; țestoasă is the feminine of țestos 'shelled', derived from țest 'shell', from Latin testum.
ACCEPTED Realization 24
Type Derivation
Language Aromanian
Lexeme 1 broascã
Lexeme 2 broascã tsãstoasã
Meaning 1 frog
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle
Reference DXOLA
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 25
Type Cognates
Language 1 Romanian
Language 2 Albanian
Lexeme 1 broască
Lexeme 2 breshkë
Meaning 1 frog
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment from a Vulgar Latin *brosca, or *broscus, broxae 'frog' (compare Old French bruesche, Milanese Lombard brosco), from Ionic Ancient Greek βρόθακος
ACCEPTED Realization 26
Type Derivation
Language Udmurt
Lexeme 1 бака
Lexeme 2 избака
Meaning 1 frog, toad
Direction
Meaning 2 tortoise, turtle
Reference Kirillova 2008
Comment из 'stone'