water river 8 realizations
ACCEPTED Realization 1
Type Polysemy
Language Meadow Mari
Lexeme вӱд
Meaning 1 water теҥыз вӱд
'sea water'
Direction
Meaning 2 river Пароходшо Юл вӱд дене йӱксӧ семынак иеш (Мирон Большаков)
'A steamer floats like a swan along the Volga River.'
Reference Marij jylme muter
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Polysemy
Language Tofa
Lexeme суғ
Meaning 1 water; liquid
Direction
Meaning 2 small river, brook, streamlet мен бо суғну сал бле кеъштiм
'I moved this river on a raft'
Reference Rassadin 2016: 368
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 3
Type Polysemy
Language Komi
Lexeme ва
Meaning 1 water ва войт
'water drop'
Direction
Meaning 2 river ва воссяс – сёян вежсяс
'the river will open - food will change (i.e. fish will appear on the table)'
Reference Beznosikova et al. 2000
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 4
Type Polysemy
Language Hill Mari
Lexeme вӹд
Meaning 1 water кӱшӹ вӹд
'boiled water'
Direction
Meaning 2 river вӹд нӓлӹн
'the river overflowed'
Reference Savatkova 2008
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 5
Type Cognates
Language 1 Ida'an Begak
Language 2 Mamanwa
Lexeme sapaɁ
Meaning 1 water
Direction
Meaning 2 river
Reference ACD
Comment Favorlang/Babuza sapā ‘river’, Casiguran Dumagat sapa ‘pond; stagnant water’, Ayta Abellan hapa ‘small stream; lake’, Tagalog sápaɁ ‘brook; rivulet; small stream (shallow, and may have water only during rainy season)’, Bikol sápaɁ ‘stream, rivulet’, Hanunóo sápaɁ ‘river’, Aklanon sapáɁ ‘pond, small lake’, sapáɁ-sápaɁ ‘pond, very small lake’, sapáɁ-sapáɁ-an ‘overflooded in areas, covered with puddles, ponds’, Hiligaynon sapáɁ ‘creek, brook; lake’, Cebuano sápaɁ ‘brook or creek’, Tausug sapaʔ ‘a small river, stream’, Samal sapaʔ ‘river’, Mongondow tapaʔ ‘brook, creek’
ACCEPTED Realization 6
Type Polysemy
Language Abaza
Lexeme дзы / ʒə
Meaning 1 water йрыжвуа дзы / jrəẑəwa ʒə
'drinking water'
Direction
Meaning 2 river адзы хъвкIылра / aʒə qʷḳəlra
'to dam the river'
Reference Tugov 1967
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 7
Type Polysemy
Language Batsbi
Lexeme xi
Meaning 1 water
Direction
Meaning 2 river
Reference Kadagidze & Kadagidze 1984: 809
Comment also 'pond; brook, creek'
ACCEPTED Realization 8
Type Polysemy
Language Tok Pisin
Lexeme wara
Meaning 1 water
Direction
Meaning 2 river, stream
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment From English water