eggplant (Solanum melongena) tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) 10 realizations
ACCEPTED Realization
Type Derivation
Language Mandarin Chinese
Lexeme 1 qié (茄)
Lexeme 2 fānqié (番茄)
Meaning 1 eggplant (Solanum melongena) qiéní (茄泥)
'mushed eggplant'
Direction
Meaning 2 tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)
Reference BKRS
Comment In Cantonese ke4-2 (茄) is used in meaning 'tomato' (short for faan1 ke4-2, 番茄): ke4-2 daan6-2 zi6 (茄蛋治) 'tomato and egg sandwich'
ACCEPTED Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ukrainian
Lexeme баклажан
Meaning 1 eggplant (Solanum melongena) Баклажани та перці більш вибагливі до тепла, ніж помідори
'Eggplants and peppers are more demanding of heat than tomatoes '
Direction
Meaning 2 (old, rare) tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) На рундуках скрізь здорові купи червоних баклажанів (Iван Нечуй-Левицький, 1838-1918). На грядках часом іще позалишались баклажани, великі, червоні, аж горять (Іван Микитенко, 1897-1937)
'Heaps of red tomatoes are everywhere in the stalls. There were still tomatoes in the beds, large, red, as if burning '
Reference SUM-11
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Bulgarian
Lexeme патладжан
Meaning 1 eggplant (Solanum melongena)
Direction
Meaning 2 (dated) tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)
Reference Bernštejn 1966
Comment In second meaning френски патлѫджане lit. 'french eggplants'(Геров Н. Речникъ на българския език. 1895-1904, 5, 475)
ACCEPTED Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Romanian
Lexeme pătlăgea
Meaning 1 eggplant (Solanum melongena)
Direction
Meaning 2 tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)
Reference MDA2
Comment pătlăgea vânătă 'eggplant' (lit. 'dark blue eggplant'), pătlăgea roșie 'tomato' (lit. 'red eggplant'), later vânătă 'eggplant' and roșie 'tomato'.
ACCEPTED Realization
Type Derivation
Language Bulgarian
Lexeme 1 сини домати
Lexeme 2 домат
Meaning 1 eggplants Загрейте скарата и изпечете патладжаните равномерно от двете страни. Готовите сини домати на скара събирайте в купа и между тях поръсвайте с малко оцет и скълцан магданоз.
'Heat the grill and bake the eggplants evenly on both sides. Collect the prepared grilled eggplants in a bowl and sprinkle with a little vinegar and chopped parsley. '
Direction
Meaning 2 tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Macedonian
Lexeme патлиџан
Meaning 1 eggplant (Solanum melongena)
Direction
Meaning 2 (colloquial) tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization
Type Cognates
Language Abaza
Lexeme 1 баклажан
Lexeme 2 пӏатӏражан
Meaning 1 eggplant (Solanum melongena)
Direction
Meaning 2 tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)
Reference Tugov 1967: 112, 313
Comment пӏатӏражан from Turkish, баклажан from Russian
ACCEPTED Realization
Type Borrowing
Language 1 Turkish
Language 2 Abkhaz
Lexeme 1 patlıcan
Lexeme 2 апаҭырџьан
Meaning 1 eggplant (Solanum melongena)
Direction
Meaning 2 tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)
Reference Genko 1998: 193
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization
Type Derivation
Language Thai
Lexeme 1 má-kʉ̌ʉa (มะเขือ)
Lexeme 2 má-kʉ̌ʉa-têet (มะเขือเทศ)
Meaning 1 eggplant (Solanum melongena)
Direction
Meaning 2 tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment têet 'foreign'
ACCEPTED Realization
Type Derivation
Language Hungarian
Lexeme 1 törökparadicsom
Lexeme 2 paradicsom
Meaning 1 eggplant (Solanum melongena) Rántott törökparadicsom
'Fried eggplants'
Direction
Meaning 2 tomato (Solanum lycopersicum)
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment törökparadicsom lit. 'Turkish tomato'. Also kékparadicsom lit. 'blue tomato'