Number of realizations

27

grandfather

old man

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tamil
Lexeme tāttā
Meaning 1 grandfather
Direction
Meaning 2 aged man
Reference Tamil lexicon page 1829
Related Languages
Comment Also: derivation "mūtātai" from stem "mūtu" meaning "old age" (Tamil Lexicon 3323)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme дед
Meaning 1 grandfather
Direction
Meaning 2 old man
Reference <personally collected data>
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Spanish
Lexeme abuelo
Meaning 1 grandfather
Direction
Meaning 2 old man
Reference Narumov 1995
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Meadow Mari
Lexeme коча
Meaning 1 grandfather Уныка пала: коча йодмым шукта (Петр Корнилов)
"The grandson knows: the grandfather will fulfill the request. "
Direction
Meaning 2 old man Шыдешкен ойла орол коча (Мирон Большаков)
"The old guard speaks angrily. "
Reference Marij jylme muter
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hill Mari
Lexeme тьотя
Meaning 1 grandfather Тьотяжы ыныкажым пиш яратен (Никандр Ильяков).
"The grandfather loved his grandson very much. "
Direction
Meaning 2 old man Теве кого пандашан тьотя лӓктеш (Никандр Ильяков).
"Here comes a bearded old man."
Reference Marij jylme muter
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Udmurt
Lexeme бабай
Meaning 1 (dialect) grandfather
Direction
Meaning 2 (dialect) term of addression to an old man
Reference Kirillova 2008
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Komi
Lexeme пӧль
Meaning 1 grandfather пӧльыс тӧдлӧма вӧр-валысь гусяторъяс
"his grandfather knew the secrets of nature "
Direction
Meaning 2 old man дзор пӧль
"gray-haired old man "
Reference Beznosikova et al. 2000
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Italian
Lexeme nonno
Meaning 1 grandfather
Direction
Meaning 2 old man
Reference Zor'ko et al. 2002
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Portuguese
Lexeme avô
Meaning 1 grandfather
Direction
Meaning 2 old man
Reference Feerštejn Starec 2005
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ukrainian
Lexeme дід
Meaning 1 grandfather Родинне коло діда оточило, Сини та дочки, й молоді онуки (Леся Українка)
"The family circle of the grandfather surrounded, Sons and daughters, and young grandchildren"
Direction
Meaning 2 old man
Reference SUM-11
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Maori
Lexeme pōua
Meaning 1 grandfather Tahi: Kei te mōhio koe ki te kaumātua rā? Rua: Āe, ko tōku nā pōua tērā
"Tahi: Do you know that elder over there? Rua: Yes, that's my grandfather. "
Direction
Meaning 2 old person, elderly man Ko Huriwhenua tonu tōna ingoa whakahua ki ngā pōua me ngā tāua o Ngāi Tahu
"Older people of Ngāi Tahu continued to call him Huriwhenua. "
Reference MD
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Belarusan
Lexeme дзед
Meaning 1 grandfather
Direction
Meaning 2 old man
Reference Slounik.org
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Balinese
Lexeme kaki
Meaning 1 grandfather
Direction
Meaning 2 any old man
Reference SEALang Balinese
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Balinese
Lexeme wayah
Meaning 1 grandfather
Direction
Meaning 2 old man
Reference SEALang Balinese
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Indonesian
Lexeme kaki
Meaning 1 grandfather
Direction
Meaning 2 old man
Reference SEALang Indonesia
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Indonesian
Lexeme kék
Meaning 1 grandfather
Direction
Meaning 2 old man
Reference SEALang Indonesia
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Javanese
Lexeme kaki
Meaning 1 grandfather
Direction
Meaning 2 old man
Reference SEAlang Javanese
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lao
Lexeme pʰȕː tʰȁo
Meaning 1 grandfather
Direction
Meaning 2 old man
Reference SEAlang Lao
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lao
Lexeme pɛ́ʔ
Meaning 1 grandfather
Direction
Meaning 2 old man; elder
Reference SEAlang Lao
Related Languages
Comment From Chinese
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lao
Lexeme ay ɲā ka
Meaning 1 grandfather
Direction
Meaning 2 old man, patriarch
Reference SEAlang Lao
Related Languages
Comment From Pali
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lao
Lexeme pūː câu
Meaning 1 grandfather
Direction
Meaning 2 old man; patriarch
Reference SEAlang Lao
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Malay
Lexeme datok
Meaning 1 grandfather
Direction
Meaning 2 a senior
Reference SEALang Malay
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Modern Mon
Lexeme lɛ̀ˀ
Meaning 1 grandfather
Direction
Meaning 2 elderly person
Reference SEAlang Mon
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Vietnamese
Lexeme ông
Meaning 1 grandfather
Direction
Meaning 2 old man
Reference SEAlang Vietnamese
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Modern Greek
Lexeme παππούς
Meaning 1 grandfather Ο παππούς μου πολέμησε στον Βʹ Παγκόσμιο Πόλεμο.
"My grandpa fought in World War II."
Direction
Meaning 2 old man Πρόσεξε, παππού, μη σε πατήσει κανένα αμάξι καθώς περνάς το δρόμο.
"Careful, gramps, that a car doesn't run you over as you cross the road."
Reference DSMG
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme gramps
Meaning 1 (colloquial, humorous) grandfather
Direction
Meaning 2 (by extension) old man Hey gramps, get off the road!
Reference <personally collected data>
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme avus
Meaning 1 grandfather
Direction
Meaning 2 old man
Reference Lewis Short
Related Languages
Comment