Number of realizations

34

idler, loafer

sloth (South American mammal)

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Romanian
Lexeme leneș
Meaning 1 idler, lazy person
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal) Leneșii se hrănesc în general cu frunze, muguri, lăstari în principal din copacii de genul Cecropia.
"Sloths generally feed on leaves, buds, shoots mainly from trees from the genus Cecropia"
Reference DEX98
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Bulgarian
Lexeme ленивец
Meaning 1 idler, loafer
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal) Кафявогърлият ленивец
" brown-throated sloth"
Reference <personally collected data>
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme ленивец (lenivec)
Meaning 1 idler, loafer …здесь замошников достать неможно, к тому ж, чтоб был не пьяница и не ленивец (В. Н. Татищев. Наказ комиссару Уктусского завода Т. Бурцову, 1721); — Я бы желал,— сказал он,— чтобы, не учившись, я всегда знал урок свой, какой мне ни задали. — Не думал я, что ты такой ленивец,— ответил король, покачав головою.— Но делать нечего: я должен исполнить свое обещание. (А. Погорельский "Черная курица, или Подземные жители", 1829)
"You can't find a locksmith here, and even one that is not a drunkard and lazy (V. Tatischev, 1721); ”I would like, - he said, - that, without studying, I always knew my lesson, whatever I was asked”. “I didn’t think you were such a loafer,” the king replied, shaking his head. “But there’s nothing to do: I must keep my promise”. (A. Pogorelskij, 1829)"
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal) Большую часть жизни ленивцы проводят на деревьях, почти не двигаясь.
"Sloths spend most of their lives in trees, almost without moving."
Reference BAS page 6 153
Related Languages
Comment The first meaning was attested in Russian dictionaries in 1731 (German-Latin and Russian Lexicon" by E. Weismann, page 361, for German «ein trager langsamer Mensch» and Latin cunctator) and in 1771 (Der russische Cellarius, oder Etymologisches Wörterbuch by Franz Hölterhof, page 285, for German «ein Faulenzer»). Also SAR III, 1355. Second meaning initially in ленивой зверь ‘sloth’, lit. ‘lazy animal’ (Sl.nat.ist., 1788, I, 279), semantic borrowing from German Faulthier (SRJa XVIII, XI, 150, Bagrinovskij ), ленивец ‘das Fraulthier’ in 1798 (Vollständiges Deutsch-Russisches Lexicon, I, 512).
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Latvian
Lexeme sliņķis
Meaning 1 lazy person tēvs necieš sliņķus, jo allaž savus dēlus mācījis: “darbs ir cilvēka lielākais gods”
"father couldn't stand lazy people, as he always taught his sons: “work is man's greatest honor”"
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal) parastais (trīspirkstu) sliņķis
"simple (three-fingered) sloth"
Reference <personally collected data>
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Czech
Lexeme lenochod
Meaning 1 lazy person
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal)
Reference SSJČ
Related Languages
Comment semantic influence of scientific Latin Bradypus from Ancient Greek βραδύς 'slow' + πούς 'foot'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme paresseux
Meaning 1 idler, loafer En voyant les Orientaux, sous un ciel brûlant (...), ne peut-on pas prononcer, sans autre examen, que ces peuples sont oisifs et paresseux? (Jouy,Hermite,t.4, 1813, p.260).
"Seeing the Orientals, under a burning sky (...), can we not pronounce, without further examination, that these peoples are idle and lazy? "
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal) Le paresseux de la famille des Bradypodidae est très recherché comme animal de compagnie. Cependant son métabolisme lent adapté au mode de vie dans la forêt se montre très vulnérable à certaines maladies qui provoquent une surmortalité des paresseux en captivité
"The sloth of the Bradypodidae family is in great demand as a pet. However, its slow metabolism, adapted to the way of life in the forest, is very vulnerable to certain diseases which cause excess mortality in sloths in captivity"
Reference CNRTL
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language German
Lexeme 1 faul
Lexeme 2 Faultier
Meaning 1 lazy
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal)
Reference Duden
Related Languages
Comment faul + Tier 'animal'. Also Faultier (informal) 'lazy person'.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Azerbaijani
Lexeme ərincək
Meaning 1 idler, slacker, sluggard
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal)
Reference Azərbaycanca-rusca lüǧet 2006
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Mandarin Chinese
Lexeme 1 lǎn (懶, 懒)
Lexeme 2 shùlǎn (樹懶, 树懒)
Meaning 1 lazy
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal)
Reference BKRS
Related Languages
Comment 'tree' + 'lazy'
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Danish
Lexeme 1 doven
Lexeme 2 dovendyr
Meaning 1 lazy
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal)
Reference <personally collected data>
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Norwegian
Lexeme 1 doven
Lexeme 2 dovendyr
Meaning 1 idler, loafer
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal) Dovendyr blir normalt mellom 58 og 70 cm høy og veier mellom 5 og 12 kilo.
"Sloths are normally between 58 and 70 cm tall and weigh between 5 and 12 kilos. "
Reference <personally collected data>
Related Languages
Comment Bokmål and Nynorsk
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Dutch
Lexeme luiaard
Meaning 1 lazy person
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal) Luiaards hebben een boomklimmende levensstijl.
"Sloths have a tree climbing lifestyle. "
Reference Mironov 1987 page 413
Related Languages
Comment aard 'nature, character'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Finnish
Lexeme laiskiainen
Meaning 1 lazy person
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal)
Reference Vahros Ščerbakov 2007 page 308
Related Languages
Comment laiska 'lazy'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Polish
Lexeme leniwiec
Meaning 1 (colloquial, derogatory) lazy person, idler, loafer
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal)
Reference Słownik języka polskiego PWN
Related Languages
Comment The first meaning in Polish from XIV c., the second one from XVIII c. Under semantic influece of German Faultier and French paresseux (Slawski, IV, 153)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Brazilian Portuguese
Lexeme preguiça
Meaning 1 laziness; sloth
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal)
Reference Feerštejn Starec 2005
Related Languages
Comment Also bicho-preguiça lit. 'beast-sloth'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Slovenian
Lexeme lenivec
Meaning 1 lazy person ne podpirajte lenivcev
"don’t support the lazy"
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal) triprsti lenivec
"three-toed sloth"
Reference SSKJ2
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Spanish
Lexeme perezoso
Meaning 1 lazy person, idler, loafer
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal)
Reference DRAE
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme sloth
Meaning 1 reluctance to work or make an effort; laziness
Direction
Meaning 2 slow-moving tropical American mammal that hangs upside down from the branches of trees using its long limbs and hooked claws
Reference ODE
Related Languages
Comment From Middle English slouthe, slewthe 'laziness', from Old English slǣwþ 'sloth, indolence, laziness, inertness'
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Macedonian
Lexeme мрзливец
Meaning 1 lazy person, idler, loafer
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal) Оклопниците и мрзливците имаат секачи, кои кај некои видови се без глеѓната покривка што се среќава на забите од повеќето други цицачи.
"armadillos and sloths have incisors, which in some species are without the enamel cover found on the teeth of most other mammals. "
Reference Tolovski Illič-Svityč 1963 page 265
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Catalan
Lexeme peresós
Meaning 1 idler, loafer
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal) Tots els peresosos tenen tres dits en els peus.
"All sloths have three toes on their feet. "
Reference <personally collected data>
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Turkish
Lexeme 1 tembel
Lexeme 2 tembel hayvan
Meaning 1 lazy person
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal) Tembel hayvanlar, günde 15 ila 18 saat uyuyarak en çok uyuyan hayvanların başında gelirler.
"Sloths are among the animals that sleep the most, sleeping 15 to 18 hours a day."
Reference <personally collected data>
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Lithuanian
Lexeme tinginys
Meaning 1 laziness, lazy person, idler, loafer
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal) tripirštis tinginys
"three-toed sloth"
Reference LRŽ page 829
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Hungarian
Lexeme lajhár
Meaning 1 idler, loafer
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal) A lajhárok legközelebbi ma élő rokonai a hangyászok
"The closest relatives of sloths living today are the anteaters "
Reference Gal’di 1987 page 440
Related Languages
Comment Word of unknown origin; it is certainly related to the dialectal adjective lingale ‘slow, sluggish, clumsy’, also of unknown origin.
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Slovak
Lexeme leňoch
Meaning 1 lazy person
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal) Leňochy žijú v Južnej (a Strednej) Amerike na stromoch
"Sloths live in trees in South (and Central) America "
Reference Slovníkový portál
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Icelandic
Lexeme 1 leti
Lexeme 2 letidýr
Meaning 1 laziness
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal)
Reference ISLEX
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Catalan
Lexeme peresós
Meaning 1 lazy Ésser peresós d’escriure. Ésser peresós per a llevar-se. Per peresa de llescar, el peresós no menja pa.
"Be lazy to write. Being lazy to get up. For laziness of slicing, the lazy one does not eat bread."
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal)
Reference DIEC2
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Occitan
Lexeme peresós
Meaning 1 lazy
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal) Lo peresós ten una pelissa d'un brun verdós que li permet de s'escondre dins lo fuelhum.
"The sloth has a greenish-brown fur that allows it to hide in the foliage."
Reference <personally collected data>
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Serbo-Croatian
Lexeme лењивац
Meaning 1 idler, loafer
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal) Лењивци су добили име по свом веома спором метаболизму и начину кретања.
"Sloths are named after their very slow metabolism and way of moving. "
Reference <personally collected data>
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Croatian
Lexeme lenjivac
Meaning 1 idler, loafer
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal) Ljenivci nastanjuju isključivo krošnje stabala tropskih kišnih šuma Srednje Amerike i područja Amazonije pa do južnih područja Brazila.
"Sloths inhabit exclusively the canopy of tropical rainforests of Central America and the Amazon to the southern regions of Brazil. "
Reference <personally collected data>
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Bosnian
Lexeme ljenjivac
Meaning 1 idler, loafer
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal) troprsti ljenjivac
"three-toed sloth"
Reference <personally collected data>
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Ukrainian
Lexeme лінивець
Meaning 1 (colloquial) lazy person Як звезе [козак] його гарапником! Той лінивець аж підскочив вище козака
"How [the Cossack] take him with a quirt! That lazybones jumped up above the Cossack "
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal) Зеленуватий колір шерсті лінивців пояснюється тим, що на їх шкірі симбіотично живуть водорості
"The greenish color of the hair of sloths is due to the fact that on their skin symbiotically live algae "
Reference SUM-11
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Belarusan
Lexeme лянівец
Meaning 1 idler, loafer
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal)
Reference Slounik.org
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Estonian
Lexeme 1 laisk
Lexeme 2 laiskloom
Meaning 1 lazy
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth (South American mammal) Võrreldes teiste sama suurte imetajatega on laiskloomadel poole aeglasem ainevahetus.
"Compared to other mammals of the same size, sloths have a half-slower metabolism. "
Reference <personally collected data>
Related Languages
Comment
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Welsh
Lexeme diogyn
Meaning 1 lazy person, sluggard, idler
Direction
Meaning 2 sloth, one of the Bradypodidæ
Reference Geiriuadur
Related Languages
Comment Second meaning since 1824.