shoulder-blade, scapula shoulder 11 realizations
NEW Realization 1
Type Semantic evolution
Language 1 Late Latin
Language 2 Medieval Latin
Lexeme 1 spatula, spathula
Lexeme 2 spatula
Meaning 1 shoulder-blade, scapula
Direction
Meaning 2 man's shoulder
Reference Niermeyer: 982
Comment Meyer-Lübke 612. Classical Latin spathula 'broad, flat piece' dim. of Classical Latin spatha 'straight sword'. French épaule, Catalan espatlla, Friulian spale, Occitan espatla, Italian spalla, Romansch spatla, Sicilian spaḍḍa 'shoulder' are from Vulgar Latin *spatla (< spatula). Compare learned loanwords Catalan espàtula, French spatule, Italian spatula, Occitan espatula, Sicilian spatula 'spatula'. Portuguese semi-learned espádua has both senses 'scapula; shoulder blade' and 'shoulder'.
NEW Realization 2
Type Derivation
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme 1 ὠμοπλάτη
Lexeme 2 ὦμος
Meaning 1 shoulder-blade, scapula
Direction
Meaning 2 shoulder
Reference LSJ
Comment πλάτη 'flat object'
NEW Realization 3
Type Polysemy
Language Gawwada (Ale)
Lexeme hašitto
Meaning 1 shoulder-blade, scapula
Direction
Meaning 2 shoulder
Reference World Loanword Database
Comment CLICS-3
NEW Realization 4
Type Polysemy
Language Phong
Lexeme ba:j.33
Meaning 1 shoulder-blade, scapula
Direction
Meaning 2 shoulder
Reference IDS
Comment Tum (Toum) variety. CLICS-3
NEW Realization 5
Type Polysemy
Language Yahgan (Yagán, Yámana)
Lexeme touka
Meaning 1 shoulder-blade, scapula
Direction
Meaning 2 shoulder
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3
NEW Realization 6
Type Polysemy
Language Balinese
Lexeme pala
Meaning 1 shoulder-blade, scapula
Direction
Meaning 2 shoulder
Reference SEALang Balinese
Comment
NEW Realization 7
Type Polysemy
Language Kawi (Old Javanese)
Lexeme puṇḍak
Meaning 1 shoulder-blade, scapula
Direction
Meaning 2 shoulder
Reference SEALang Balinese
Comment
NEW Realization 8
Type Polysemy
Language Lao
Lexeme bāː lāi
Meaning 1 shoulder-blades
Direction
Meaning 2 shoulders
Reference SEAlang Lao
Comment bāː 'shoulder', lāi 'deltoid muscle, shoulder'.
NEW Realization 9
Type Derivation
Language Malay
Lexeme 1 tulang lĕmbusir
Lexeme 2 lĕmbusir
Meaning 1 shoulder-blade, scapula
Direction
Meaning 2 shoulder of beef
Reference SEALang Malay
Comment
NEW Realization 10
Type Derivation
Language Vietnamese
Lexeme 1 bả vai
Lexeme 2 vai
Meaning 1 shoulder-blade, scapula
Direction
Meaning 2 shoulder
Reference SEAlang Vietnamese
Comment
NEW Realization 11
Type Cognates
Language 1 Malay
Language 2 Tagalog
Lexeme 1 belikat
Lexeme 2 balíkat
Meaning 1 shoulder-blade, scapula
Direction
Meaning 2 shoulder
Reference ACD
Comment Sundanese walikat, Old Javanese walikat, Madurese balikat 'shoulder blade', Makassarese (Salayar) 'shoulder'. Probably borrowing from Malay and Javanese to Tagalog and Makassarese.