empty vain, in vain 17 realizations
ACCEPTED Realization 1
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme κενός
Meaning 1 empty
Direction
Meaning 2 vain
Reference LSJ
Comment (LJS 938)
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme p‘uǰ (փուջ)
Meaning 1 empty
Direction
Meaning 2 useless p‘uǰ p‘arvac (փուջ փարված)
usless throw (in ball games)
Reference АрмРС
Comment АрмРС 701
ACCEPTED Realization 3
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme datark (դատարկ)
Meaning 1 empty
Direction
Meaning 2 vain
Reference АрмРС
Comment АрмРС 182
ACCEPTED Realization 4
Type Polysemy
Language Croatian
Lexeme prazan
Meaning 1 empty

prazan sanduk


empty crate

Direction
Meaning 2 in vain

u prazno govoriti, pucati


to talk, to shoot in vain

Reference HJP
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 5
Type Derivation
Language Geez
Lexeme 1 bakk
Lexeme 2 bakk, bakka
Meaning 1 empty kʷəllu kəbabu bakk
Hen. 73:5: 'its entire disc is empty'
Direction
Meaning 2 vain; in vain nagara bakk
Hen. 49:4: 'vain word'
Reference
Comment LLA 523
ACCEPTED Realization 6
Type Polysemy
Language Japanese
Lexeme kuuna (空な)
Meaning 1 empty
Direction
Meaning 2 purposeless, vane
Reference
Comment БЯРС 503.
ACCEPTED Realization 7
Type Polysemy
Language Karaim
Lexeme бослук
Meaning 1 emptyness
Direction
Meaning 2 futility
Reference
Comment Cf. also боска 'in vain'.
ACCEPTED Realization 8
Type Polysemy
Language Kurdish
Lexeme bōš
Meaning 1 empty
Direction
Meaning 2 vain
Reference
Comment Цаболов I, 208
ACCEPTED Realization 9
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme vanum
Meaning 1 empty
Direction
Meaning 2 vain
Reference
Comment (Glare 2010)
ACCEPTED Realization 10
Type Polysemy
Language Mandarin Chinese
Lexeme lóu
Meaning 1 empty
Direction
Meaning 2 useless, bad
Reference
Comment БКРС 15357
ACCEPTED Realization 11
Type Polysemy
Language Old East Slavic
Lexeme тъщий
Meaning 1 empty
Direction
Meaning 2 vain
Reference
Comment

The same in Pol. Czczy.

Cf. Russ. тщетно 'in vain'

ACCEPTED Realization 12
Type Polysemy
Language Romanian
Lexeme deşert
Meaning 1 empty
Direction
Meaning 2 vain
Reference DEX98
Comment DEX98, DRRS 1, 677-688
ACCEPTED Realization 13
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme пустой (pustoj)
Meaning 1 empty пустой дом
empty house
Direction
Meaning 2 vain a. пустой разговор 'vapid conversation'; b. пустые хлопоты 'vain pursuit'
Reference
Comment Rusian Borrowing in Yakut бостуой 'in vain' (YaRS 76). Cf. Russian попусту, впустую 'in vain'.
ACCEPTED Realization 14
Type Polysemy
Language Serbian
Lexeme празан (prazan)
Meaning 1 empty празна кеса, празни папир

empty bag, empty paper

Direction
Meaning 2 meaningless

празне речи


meaningless words

Reference Vujanitsh et al. 2007: 996
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 15
Type Polysemy
Language Tibetan
Lexeme sbun-gder
Meaning 1 senseless, meaningless
Direction
Meaning 2 empty, hollow
Reference
Comment Рерих VI, 350.
ACCEPTED Realization 16
Type Polysemy
Language Udi
Lexeme amcːi
Meaning 1 empty амцIи къав
empty vessel
Direction
Meaning 2 senseless, absurd амцIи ехтилаьт
meaningless talk
Reference
Comment Cf. also амциI-амцIи 'in vain', амц1и бесун (= to make empty) '1. to unload, to liberate (cart, home), 2. to quarrel, to argue' (Gukasjan 1974: 44).
ACCEPTED Realization 17
Type Polysemy
Language Yakut
Lexeme кѳҥдѳй
Meaning 1 empty кѳҥдѳй туруупка
an empty pipe
Direction
Meaning 2 useless кѳҥдѳй ороскуот
waste
Reference
Comment ЯРС 178. Или это схожий переход полый - напрасный ?