sour acid 30 realizations
ACCEPTED Realization 1
Type Polysemy
Language Malay
Lexeme asam
Meaning 1 sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference Rott et al. 1977.: 23
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme tʿtʿu (թթու)
Meaning 1 sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference Galstjan 1984
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 3
Type Polysemy
Language Modern Written Arabic
Lexeme ḥāmiḍ (حَامِض)
Meaning 1 sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference Lane: 0645
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 4
Type Polysemy
Language Danish
Lexeme syre
Meaning 1 of food) the state of being sour. Denne suppe mangler lidt syre.
'This soup needs a little sourness.'
Direction
Meaning 2 (chemistry) acid Saltsyre er en stærk syre.
'Hydrochloric acid is a strong acid.'
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 5
Type Derivation
Language Belarusan
Lexeme 1 кіслы
Lexeme 2 кіслата
Meaning 1 sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference Slounik.org
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 6
Type Derivation
Language Ukrainian
Lexeme 1 кислий
Lexeme 2 кислота
Meaning 1 sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 7
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 кислый
Lexeme 2 кислота
Meaning 1 sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 8
Type Polysemy
Language Dutch
Lexeme zuur
Meaning 1 sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference Mironov 1987
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 9
Type Polysemy
Language Estonian
Lexeme 1 hapu
Lexeme 2 hape
Meaning 1 sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 10
Type Polysemy
Language Icelandic
Lexeme sýra
Meaning 1 to sour, to make sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 11
Type Derivation
Language Finnish
Lexeme 1 hapan
Lexeme 2 happo
Meaning 1 sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment Modern meaning "acid" coined by Finnish folklorist and linguist Daniel Europaeus (1820-1884).
ACCEPTED Realization 12
Type Polysemy
Language Indonesian
Lexeme asam
Meaning 1 sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference SEALang Indonesia
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 13
Type Derivation
Language German
Lexeme 1 sauer
Lexeme 2 Säure
Meaning 1 sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference Duden
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 14
Type Polysemy
Language Japanese
Lexeme san (酸)
Meaning 1 sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 15
Type Derivation
Language New Latin
Lexeme 1 acidus
Lexeme 2 acidum
Meaning 1 sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 16
Type Derivation
Language Latvian
Lexeme 1 skābt
Lexeme 2 skābe
Meaning 1 to go sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid skābekli saturošas skābes
'oxygen-containing acids'
Reference LEV 1992
Comment first attested in dictionaries of that time. In the 1850s, Krišjānis Valdemārs tried to use the term skābums in the sense of “acid,” but without success: skābe became the standard term for this sense.
ACCEPTED Realization 17
Type Polysemy
Language Lithuanian
Lexeme rūgštis
Meaning 1 acid (sour, sharp, or biting to the taste)
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 18
Type Derivation
Language Luxembourgish
Lexeme 1 sauer
Lexeme 2 Saier
Meaning 1 sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid d'Saier an der Limonad ass schlecht fir d'Zänn
'the acid in the lemonade is bad for the teeth'
Reference LOD
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 19
Type Derivation
Language Macedonian
Lexeme 1 кисел
Lexeme 2 киселина
Meaning 1 sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference DRMJ
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 20
Type Derivation
Language Scottish Gaelic
Lexeme 1 searbh
Lexeme 2 searbhag
Meaning 1 sour, tart
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 21
Type Derivation
Language Slovenian
Lexeme 1 kisel
Lexeme 2 kislina
Meaning 1 sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 22
Type Polysemy
Language Kyrghyz
Lexeme кычкыл
Meaning 1 sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 23
Type Polysemy
Language Spanish
Lexeme ácido
Meaning 1 having a sour or vinegar taste
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference DRAE
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 24
Type Polysemy
Language Swedish
Lexeme syra
Meaning 1 sourness
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference SAOB
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 25
Type Polysemy
Language Telugu
Lexeme āmlamu (ఆమ్లము)
Meaning 1 sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference Brown Telugu dictionary: 118
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 26
Type Polysemy
Language Mandarin Chinese
Lexeme suān (酸)
Meaning 1 sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid yánsuān (鹽酸 / 盐酸 )
'hydrochloric acid'
Reference BKRS
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 27
Type Derivation
Language Czech
Lexeme 1 kyselý
Lexeme 2 kyselina
Meaning 1 sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference SSJČ
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 28
Type Derivation
Language Slovak
Lexeme 1 kyslý
Lexeme 2 kyselina
Meaning 1 sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid kyselina sírová
'sulfuric acid'
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 29
Type Derivation
Language Serbian
Lexeme 1 кисео (kiseo)
Lexeme 2 киселина (kiselina)
Meaning 1 sour кисело грожђе, киселе јабуке
'sour grapes, sour apples'
Direction
Meaning 2 acid сумпорна киселина, азотна киселина
'sulfuric acid, nitric acid'
Reference Vujanitsh et al. 2007: 534
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 30
Type Derivation
Language Croatian
Lexeme 1 kiseo
Lexeme 2 kiselina
Meaning 1 sour
Direction
Meaning 2 acid
Reference HJP
Comment