boy son 46 realizations
NEW Realization 1
Type Polysemy
Language Afar
Lexeme áwka
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment

E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985) An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, page 47

NEW Realization 2
Type Polysemy
Language Afar
Lexeme báxa
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment

E. M. Parker; R. J. Hayward (1985) An Afar-English-French dictionary (with Grammatical Notes in English), University of London, →ISBN, page 65

NEW Realization 3
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme ləǧ
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference AED
Comment
NEW Realization 4
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme ləǧ
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference AED
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 5
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme κόρος
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference Sakhno 2009: 303
Comment
NEW Realization 6
Type Polysemy
Language Assamese
Lexeme soli (ছলি)
Meaning 1 (Kamrupi, Barpeta, Bajali) boy
Direction
Meaning 2 (Kamrupi, Barpeta, Bajali) son
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
NEW Realization 7
Type Polysemy
Language Assamese
Lexeme apa (আপা)
Meaning 1 (Kamrupi) boy
Direction
Meaning 2 (Kamrupi) son
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
NEW Realization 8
Type Polysemy
Language Assamese
Lexeme löra (ল’ৰা)
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 9
Type Polysemy
Language Avar
Lexeme was
Meaning 1 boy
Meaning 2 son
Reference
Comment The polysemy in general is typical for Nakh-Daghestanian languages and their different groups (i.e. the words that do not necessarily go back to the same proto-root) (Kibrik, Kodzasov 1990: 57).
NEW Realization 10
Type Polysemy
Language Bamu
Lexeme mere
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference Carr & Carr 2012: 54
Comment
NEW Realization 11
Type Polysemy
Language Batsbi
Lexeme vǒⱨ
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference Mikeladze, Gigashvili 2012: 313
Comment used only by women
NEW Realization 12
Type Polysemy
Language Batsbi
Lexeme ḳnat
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference Bertlani (ed.) 2013: 31
Comment used by men and women as well
ACCEPTED Realization 13
Type Polysemy
Language Chaha
Lexeme ärč
Meaning 1 boy mamo wäxe ärču 'Mamo is a good boy'
Direction
Meaning 2 son yäbəru nəḳ ärč mamo 'Biru's oldest son Mamo'
Reference
Comment (LGur. 19).
NEW Realization 14
Type Polysemy
Language Dari
Lexeme bače (بَچه)
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
NEW Realization 15
Type Polysemy
Language Doromu-Koki
Lexeme mida
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference Bradshaw 2021: 120
Comment
NEW Realization 16
Type Internal cognates
Language Estonian
Lexeme 1 poiss
Lexeme 2 poeg
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference EKSS
Comment
NEW Realization 17
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme pesar (پسر)
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
NEW Realization 18
Type Polysemy
Language Finnish
Lexeme poika
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference Vahros, Ščerbakov 2007
Comment
NEW Realization 19
Type Polysemy
Language Georgian
Lexeme važi (ვაჟი)
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
NEW Realization 20
Type Polysemy
Language Grass Koiarj
Lexeme vami
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 male offspring, male child
Reference Dutton 2003: 192
Comment
NEW Realization 21
Type Polysemy
Language Hawaiian
Lexeme keiki
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference Pukui, Elbert 1992
Comment
NEW Realization 22
Type Polysemy
Language Hindi
Lexeme laṛkā (लड़का)
Meaning 1 boy

yah laṛkā itnā lambā nahī̃ hai jitnī uskī bahan hai (यह लड़का इतना लंबा नहीं है जितनी उसकी बहन है।)

yah laṛkā mujhe ek ā̃kh nahī̃ bhātā (यह लड़का मुझे एक आँख नहीं भाता।)


This boy is not as tall as his sister.

I do not like this boy at all.

Direction
Meaning 2 son

yah mere kākā kā laṛkā hai. (यह मेरे काका का लड़का है।)

merā laṛkā kal śām paidā huā thā. (मेरा लड़का कल शाम पैदा हुआ था।)


This is my uncle's son.

My son was born yesterday evening.

Reference Bahri 1989 English Wiktionary
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 23
Type Polysemy
Language Hungarian
Lexeme fiú
Meaning 1 boy kisfiú
a little boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son apja fia
his father's son
Reference Гальди 1974: 243
Comment
NEW Realization 24
Type Polysemy
Language Javanese
Lexeme kulup
Meaning 1 (term of address) boy
Direction
Meaning 2 (term of address) son
Reference SEAlang Javanese
Comment (literary) 'with foreskin intact'
NEW Realization 25
Type Polysemy
Language Khamnigan Mongol
Lexeme kübü:n
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference Damdinov, Sundueva 2015: 177
Comment
NEW Realization 26
Type Polysemy
Language Kubachi
Lexeme гал
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference Magomedov, Saidov-Akkutta 2017: 141
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 27
Type Polysemy
Language Kui
Lexeme āpo
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference Winfield Kui Vocabulary: 6
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 28
Type Polysemy
Language Kurux
Lexeme kukkos
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference Oraon-English Dictionary: 389
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 29
Type Polysemy
Language Lezgian
Lexeme gada
Meaning 1 boy, young man
Meaning 2 son
Reference
Comment (LezgRus 80). The same in Agul ГАДА, Tabassaran ГИДИ.
NEW Realization 30
Type Polysemy
Language Livvi-Karelian
Lexeme poigu
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment

Tatjana Boiko (2019) Suuri Karjal-Venʹalaine Sanakniigu (livvin murreh)

ACCEPTED Realization 31
Type Polysemy
Language Malto (Sauria Paharia, references do not distinguish from Kumarbhag Paharia)
Lexeme maqe
Meaning 1 son
Direction
Meaning 2 boy
Reference Mahapatra 1987: 102
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 32
Type Polysemy
Language Manda
Lexeme kaḍde
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference Ramakrishna Manda: 23
Comment
NEW Realization 33
Type Polysemy
Language Maori
Lexeme tama
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference MD
Comment
NEW Realization 34
Type Polysemy
Language Modern Hebrew
Lexeme bén (בֵּן)
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
NEW Realization 35
Type Polysemy
Language Mongolian (Khalkha)
Lexeme хүү
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference BAMRS 2001-2002
Comment
NEW Realization 36
Type Cognates
Language 1 Nepali
Language 2 Hindi
Lexeme chorā (छोरा)
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference Schmidt 1994
Comment

from Ashokan Prakrit *chokkara 'boy'

ACCEPTED Realization 37
Type Polysemy
Language Pengo
Lexeme bopa
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference Burrow-Bhattacharya's Pengo: 221
Comment
NEW Realization 38
Type Polysemy
Language Romani
Lexeme ćhavo
Meaning 1 Romani boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment

Boretzky, Norbert; Igla, Birgit (1994), Wörterbuch Romani-Deutsch-Englisch für den südosteuropäischen Raum : mit einer Grammatik der Dialektvarianten [Romani-German-English dictionary for the Southern European region], Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz Verlag, page 55b
Melinda Rézműves, editor, Morri angluni rromane ćhibǎqi evroputni lavustik = Első rromani nyelvű európai szótáram : cigány, magyar, angol, francia, spanyol, német, ukrán, román, horvát, szlovák, görög [My First European-Romani Dictionary: Romani, Hungarian, English, French, Spanish, German, Ukrainian, Romanian, Croatian, Slovak, Greek], Budapest: Fővárosi Onkormányzat Cigány Ház--Romano Kher, 2009, page 115b

ACCEPTED Realization 39
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme kumārá
Meaning 1 child , boy , youth
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference MW
Comment MW 292, Кочергина 166. Ku-māra (from mṛ 'to die') 'easily dying'
ACCEPTED Realization 40
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme dāraka
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference MW
Comment MW476, Кочергина 265
NEW Realization 41
Type Polysemy
Language Standard Zhuang
Lexeme lwg
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 42
Type Polysemy
Language Tabassaran
Lexeme baj
Meaning 1 boy бицIи бай
young boy
Meaning 2 son, young man аьхюну бай
elder son
Reference
Comment (TabRus 74)
NEW Realization 43
Type Polysemy
Language Tajiki
Lexeme писар
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
NEW Realization 44
Type Polysemy
Language Tatar
Lexeme малай
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 (colloquial) son
Reference Asylgaraev, Ganiev et al. (eds.) 2007: 2, 15
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 45
Type Polysemy
Language Telugu
Lexeme biḍḍaḍu
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference Brown Telugu dictionary: 889
Comment
NEW Realization 46
Type Polysemy
Language Udihe
Lexeme бâта
Meaning 1 boy
Direction
Meaning 2 son
Reference Simonov, Kyalundzyuga 1998: 169
Comment