to ripen to become ready (of food) 7 realizations
ACCEPTED Realization 1
Type Polysemy
Language Udihe
Lexeme йē-
Meaning 1 to get boiled, to get cooked (о вареве)
Meaning 2 to ripen (berries)
Reference
Comment Кормушин 1998, 243
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Polysemy
Language Aghul
Lexeme uǯas
Meaning 1 to bake
Meaning 2 to ripen
Reference
Comment (Sulejmanov 2003). The same in the Tabassaran УБЖУБ/УРЖУБ (TabRus 290).
ACCEPTED Realization 3
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme bässälä
Meaning 1 'to be cooked, become soft through cooking' [K 896]
Meaning 2 'to be ripe (fruit, vegetable), to ripen' [K 896]
Reference
Comment The root can be traced back to the Protosemitic; the primary meaning is apparently 'to boil', though meaning B is also represented nearly in all languages.
ACCEPTED Realization 4
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme pospevat'
Meaning 1 to be cooked, to be boiled Щи давно поспели 'Cabbage soup was ready a while ago'.
Meaning 2 to ripen a. Поспели вишни в саду у дяди Вани. 'In uncle Vanya's garden the cherries are ripe.'
Reference
Comment Cf. Dal': "Sometimes it is used about people and animals: К осени у меня две своры борзых поспеют (By autumn I will have two packs of hounds ripe). Он поспел в солдаты, вошел в года, годен (He is mature enough to do the military service)".
ACCEPTED Realization 5
Type Polysemy
Language Karaim
Lexeme пишкэн
Meaning 1 cooked, boiled
Meaning 2 ripe, mature
Reference
Comment The same in Gagauz пишкин '1 baked; boiled 2 mature, ripe 3 experienced' ГРМС 369.
ACCEPTED Realization 6
Type Polysemy
Language Udi
Lexeme apːesun
Meaning 1 to be boiling, to cook, to be baking
Meaning 2 to ripen
Reference
Comment Cf. апIи '1. Baked (meat, bread etc.), 2. Ripe, mature (fruit, berry)' (Gukasjan 1974: 46)/
ACCEPTED Realization 7
Type Polysemy
Language Yakut
Lexeme бус-
Meaning 1 to be boiling, to be baking 1) эт буhан эрэр
'1) meat is starting to boil'
Direction
Meaning 2 to ripen 1) отон буспут
'1) berries are ripe 2) wheat is ripe'
Reference
Comment