tongue (body part) language 17 realizations
ACCEPTED Realization 1
Type Polysemy
Language Tagalog
Lexeme dilà
Meaning 1 tongue
Direction
Meaning 2 language, speech
Reference
Comment Таг 110
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme زبان zabān
Meaning 1 tongue زبان را نشان دادن zabān rā nešān dādan
'to put out one's tongue'
Direction
Meaning 2 language, idiom زبان مادري zabān-e mādari
' mother tongue'
Reference Rubinčik 1970: 754
Comment ПРС 414. The same in many other Iranian languages ЭСИЯ 3, 404
ACCEPTED Realization 3
Type Derivation
Language Adyghe
Lexeme 1 bzegʷ
Lexeme 2 bze
Meaning 1 tongue
Direction
Meaning 2 language, idiom
Reference
Comment АдгРС 28
ACCEPTED Realization 4
Type Polysemy
Language Akkadian
Lexeme lišānu
Meaning 1 tongue ša ibbalakkatu rittašu u lišānšu inakkisu ‘as for the person who breaks the contract, they will cut off his hand and his tongue’ (CAD L 210)
Direction
Meaning 2 language mala šunnȃ lišānu '(people) of diverse languages'
Reference
Comment

CAD L 209; AHw 556

Cognates in Arabic, Geez and other Semitic languages (cf. SED I No. 181, where both meanings are reconstructed for Proto-Semitic)

ACCEPTED Realization 5
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme jazyk
Meaning 1 tongue показать язык
'to put out tongue'
Meaning 2 language русский язык
'the Russian language'
Reference
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 6
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme lingua
Meaning 1 tongue prima linguae
'the tip of tongue [Дворецкий 453]'
Meaning 2 language (speech) Latinae linguae gnarus
'a person who knows Latin'
Reference
Comment cf. French etc. Glare 1032-1033
ACCEPTED Realization 7
Type Polysemy
Language German
Lexeme Zunge
Meaning 1 tongue eine belegte Zunge
'coated tongue [Нем. 993]'
Meaning 2 language (speech) die deutsche Zunge
'German language'
Reference
Comment Meaning B is poetic. Also consider the Engl. Tongue
ACCEPTED Realization 8
Type Polysemy
Language Tuvan
Lexeme дыл
Meaning 1 tongue
Direction
Meaning 2 language, idiom дылдың словарь составы
'language vocabularly'
Reference
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 9
Type Polysemy
Language Osetin
Lexeme yvzag
Meaning 1 tongue
Direction
Meaning 2 language
Reference
Comment Абаев 4, 279
ACCEPTED Realization 10
Type Polysemy
Language Romani
Lexeme šib
Meaning 1 tongue
Direction
Meaning 2 language
Reference
Comment

Lovara Romani

this polysemy pattern is common for most Romani dialects

ACCEPTED Realization 11
Type Polysemy
Language Fula
Lexeme ɗengal
Meaning 1 tongue
Direction
Meaning 2 language, speech
Reference
Comment ФРФС 147
ACCEPTED Realization 12
Type Polysemy
Language French
Lexeme langue
Meaning 1 tongue (body part) pointe de la langue
'tip of the tongue'
Direction
Meaning 2 speech langues étrangères
'foreign languages'
Reference CNRTL
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 13
Type Polysemy
Language Hungarian
Lexeme nyelv
Meaning 1 tongue (body part) nyelvét kiölteni
'to put out one's tongue'
Direction
Meaning 2 language idegen nyelvek
'foreign languages'
Reference Гальди 1974
Comment
NEW Realization 14
Type Polysemy
Language Khamnigan Mongol
Lexeme kelü(n)
Meaning 1 tongue (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 language
Reference Damdinov, Sundueva 2015: 192
Comment
NEW Realization 15
Type Polysemy
Language Mongolian (Khalkha)
Lexeme xel(en)
Meaning 1 tongue (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 speech Angli xel
'English (language)'
Reference BAMRS 2001-2002
Comment
NEW Realization 16
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme dil
Meaning 1 tongue (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 speech
Reference Baskakov 1977: 230
Comment
NEW Realization 17
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme tongue
Meaning 1 tongue (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 speech
Reference ABBYY LINGUO
Comment