nail (body part) claw 41 realizations
NEW Realization 1
Type Polysemy
Language Abaza
Lexeme щапIхыса
Meaning 1 nail (body part, on foots)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference Tugov 1967: 451
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Polysemy
Language Adyghe
Lexeme ƛebžan
Meaning 1 nail (on toes)
Direction
Meaning 2 (animals, birds)
Reference
Comment АдРС 191
NEW Realization 3
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme ṭəfər
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference AED: 2195
Comment

Also 'hoof'

ACCEPTED Realization 4
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme ὄνυξ
Meaning 1 nail
Meaning 2 claw
Reference
Comment LSJ 1234
NEW Realization 5
Type Polysemy
Language Balinese
Lexeme kuku
Meaning 1 (low register) nail (finger, toe)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEALang Balinese
Comment
NEW Realization 6
Type Polysemy
Language Batsbi
Lexeme 1 mʕayrĭ
Lexeme 2 mʕayrĭ
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference Kadagidze & Kadagidze 1984: 461
Comment Also mꞷajrî (Bertlani (ed.) 2013, 176)
NEW Realization 7
Type Polysemy
Language Burmese
Lexeme leʔ θé (လက်သည်း)
Meaning 1 finger nails
Direction
Meaning 2 claw; talon
Reference SEAlang Burmrse
Comment
NEW Realization 8
Type Polysemy
Language Chukchee
Lexeme вагылгын
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference Moll, Inènlikèj 1957: 18
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 9
Type Polysemy
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme ḏ̣ufr-, ḏ̣ifr-
Meaning 1 nail
Direction
Meaning 2 talon, claw
Reference Lane: 1912
Comment
NEW Realization 10
Type Polysemy
Language Geez
Lexeme ṣəfr
Meaning 1 fingernail
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment

LGz. 549

ACCEPTED Realization 11
Type Polysemy
Language Hausa
Lexeme akaifa
Meaning 1 nail
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference
Comment also 'pincer'. Хауса 18
NEW Realization 12
Type Polysemy
Language Hiligaynon
Lexeme gapás
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEAlang Hiligaynon
Comment
NEW Realization 13
Type Polysemy
Language Hiligaynon
Lexeme kalalót
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEAlang Hiligaynon
Comment 'Nail, claw or anything else used for scratching, scraping, digging out earth, etc'
NEW Realization 14
Type Polysemy
Language Hiligaynon
Lexeme kokó
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEAlang Hiligaynon
Comment
NEW Realization 15
Type Polysemy
Language Hiligaynon
Lexeme kokó
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEAlang Hiligaynon
Comment
NEW Realization 16
Type Polysemy
Language Ilocano
Lexeme kuku
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEAlang Ilocano
Comment
NEW Realization 17
Type Polysemy
Language Indonesian
Lexeme kuku
Meaning 1 nail (of finger or toe)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEALang Indonesia
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 18
Type Polysemy
Language Itelmen
Lexeme к'уфк'уф
Meaning 1 claw
Direction
Meaning 2 nail
Reference
Comment Володин, Халоймова 40
NEW Realization 19
Type Polysemy
Language Javanese
Lexeme kanaka
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEAlang Javanese
Comment Register: krama inggil
NEW Realization 20
Type Polysemy
Language Javanese
Lexeme kuku
Meaning 1 fingernail, toenail
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEAlang Javanese
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 21
Type Polysemy
Language Ket
Lexeme
Meaning 1 nail
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference
Comment Старостин 1995, 195
NEW Realization 22
Type Polysemy
Language Khmer
Lexeme krɑcɑɑk
Meaning 1 (finger or toe) nail
Direction
Meaning 2 claw; talon
Reference SEAlang Khmer
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 23
Type Polysemy
Language Koryak
Lexeme вагылӈын
Meaning 1 nail
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference Moll 1960: 14
Comment
NEW Realization 24
Type Polysemy
Language Lao
Lexeme nā kʰá
Meaning 1 fingernail
Direction
Meaning 2 claw; talon
Reference SEAlang Lao
Comment From Pali
NEW Realization 25
Type Polysemy
Language Lao
Lexeme lēp
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEAlang Lao
Comment
NEW Realization 26
Type Polysemy
Language Malay
Lexeme kuku
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEALang Malay
Comment
NEW Realization 27
Type Polysemy
Language Maori
Lexeme matikuku
Meaning 1 nail (body part)

Pare: Kua oti anō i ngā kōtiro rā te whakapaipai tō rāua rūma? Rangi: Nōhea hoki! E warea kētia ana ki te whakapaipai i ō rāua matikuku


Pare: Have those girls finished tidying their room yet? Rangi: No way! They're too busy beautifying their nails.

Direction
Meaning 2 claw

Tāna kai ko ngā kurī pakupaku o te koraha; he mea hopu ki ōna matikuku ka kāhakina ki tōna kōhanga ki runga pari ki reira āta kai ai


 Its food is small animals of the open areas, which are caught with its claws and carried off to its nest on cliff tops where it slowly eats them.

Reference MD
Comment
NEW Realization 28
Type Polysemy
Language Maranao
Lexeme kanoko
Meaning 1 fingernail; toenail
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEAlang Maranao
Comment
NEW Realization 29
Type Polysemy
Language Modern Mon
Lexeme hənem
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEAlang Mon
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 30
Type Polysemy
Language Moksha
Lexeme кенже
Meaning 1 nail керомс кенчт
to cut nails
Meaning 2 claw офтонь кенчт
bear claws
Reference
Comment МокшРС 248, the same in Erzya Эрз 253
ACCEPTED Realization 31
Type Cognates
Language 1 Old East Slavic
Language 2 Russian
Lexeme 1 ногъть
Lexeme 2 nogot'
Meaning 1 nail, claw
Meaning 2 nail
Reference
Comment (Sreznevskij 462-463)
ACCEPTED Realization 32
Type Polysemy
Language Romani
Lexeme naj
Meaning 1 nail, toe nail
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference
Comment East Slovak Romani
ACCEPTED Realization 33
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme kogot'
Meaning 1 nail (human) Обрежь свои когти-то. Эка, парень, когти-те отростил. Кохоть чой-то болит.
Cut off your claws! Look, boy, you let your claws glow like that! My claw is hurting.
Meaning 2 claw
Reference
Comment СРНГ 15: 44
NEW Realization 34
Type Polysemy
Language Selkup
Lexeme кад ~ ӄад
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference Consolidated Selkup
Comment
NEW Realization 35
Type Derivation
Language Shan
Lexeme 1 nep5
Lexeme 2 nep5 tin1
Meaning 1 fingernail or toenail
Direction
Meaning 2 toenail; claw
Reference SEAlang Shan
Comment tin1 'foot; bottom'
ACCEPTED Realization 36
Type Polysemy
Language Spanish
Lexeme uña
Meaning 1 nail
Meaning 2 claw
Reference
Comment Lat. unguis 'nail, claw' Narumov 1995, 773; cf. Also French ongle 'nail; claw'.
NEW Realization 37
Type Polysemy
Language Thai
Lexeme lép
Meaning 1 nail (of the finger or toe)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEAlang Thai
Comment
NEW Realization 38
Type Polysemy
Language Tigrinya
Lexeme ṣəfri
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference TED: 2627
Comment

Also 'talon, hoof'.

NEW Realization 39
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme hilb
Meaning 1 nail (body part)




Direction
Meaning 2 claw




Reference Baskakov 1977: 408
Comment
NEW Realization 40
Type Polysemy
Language Vietnamese
Lexeme móng
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw; talon
Reference SEAlang Vietnamese
Comment
NEW Realization 41
Type Polysemy
Language Waray
Lexeme kuló
Meaning 1 nails of the hands and feet
Direction
Meaning 2 claw of an animal
Reference SEAlang Waray
Comment