nail (body part) claw 36 realizations
ACCEPTED Realization 1
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme kogot'
Meaning 1 nail (human) Обрежь свои когти-то. Эка, парень, когти-те отростил. Кохоть чой-то болит.
'Cut off your claws! Look, boy, you let your claws glow like that! My claw is hurting.'
Meaning 2 claw
Reference
Comment СРНГ 15: 44
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Polysemy
Language Romani
Lexeme naj
Meaning 1 nail, toe nail
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference
Comment East Slovak Romani
ACCEPTED Realization 3
Type Polysemy
Language Itelmen
Lexeme к'уфк'уф
Meaning 1 claw
Direction
Meaning 2 nail
Reference
Comment Володин, Халоймова 40
ACCEPTED Realization 4
Type Polysemy
Language Hausa
Lexeme akaifa
Meaning 1 nail
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference
Comment also 'pincer'. Хауса 18
ACCEPTED Realization 5
Type Polysemy
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme ḏ̣ufr-, ḏ̣ifr-
Meaning 1 nail
Direction
Meaning 2 talon, claw
Reference
Comment (Lane 1912). Same polysemy, for instance, in the Ethio-Semitic cognates: Geez ṣəfr ‘fingernail, claw’ (LGz. 549), Tigrinya ṣəfri ‘claw, talon, nail, hoof’ (KT 2627), Amharic cognate ṭəfər ‘claw, hoof, nail (fingernail)’ (K 2195)
ACCEPTED Realization 6
Type Polysemy
Language Adyghe
Lexeme ƛebžan
Meaning 1 nail (on toes)
Direction
Meaning 2 (animals, birds)
Reference
Comment АдРС 191
ACCEPTED Realization 7
Type Polysemy
Language Spanish
Lexeme uña
Meaning 1 nail
Meaning 2 claw
Reference
Comment Lat. unguis 'nail, claw' Narumov 1995, 773; cf. Also French ongle 'nail; claw'.
ACCEPTED Realization 8
Type Cognates
Language 1 Old East Slavic
Language 2 Russian
Lexeme 1 ногъть
Lexeme 2 nogot'
Meaning 1 nail, claw
Meaning 2 nail
Reference
Comment (Sreznevskij 462-463)
ACCEPTED Realization 9
Type Polysemy
Language Moksha
Lexeme кенже
Meaning 1 nail керомс кенчт
'to cut nails'
Meaning 2 claw офтонь кенчт
'bear claws'
Reference
Comment МокшРС 248, the same in Erzya Эрз 253
ACCEPTED Realization 10
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme ὄνυξ
Meaning 1 nail
Meaning 2 claw
Reference
Comment LSJ 1234
ACCEPTED Realization 11
Type Polysemy
Language Koryak
Lexeme вагылӈын
Meaning 1 nail
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference Moll 1960: 14
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 12
Type Polysemy
Language Ket
Lexeme
Meaning 1 nail
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference
Comment Старостин 1995, 195
NEW Realization 13
Type Polysemy
Language Selkup
Lexeme кад ~ ӄад
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference Consolidated Selkup
Comment
NEW Realization 14
Type Polysemy
Language Batsbi
Lexeme 1 mʕayrĭ
Lexeme 2 mʕayrĭ
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference Kadagidze & Kadagidze 1984: 461
Comment Also mꞷajrî (Bertlani (ed.) 2013, 176)
NEW Realization 15
Type Polysemy
Language Waray
Lexeme kuló
Meaning 1 nails of the hands and feet
Direction
Meaning 2 claw of an animal
Reference SEAlang Waray
Comment
NEW Realization 16
Type Derivation
Language Shan
Lexeme 1 nep5
Lexeme 2 nep5 tin1
Meaning 1 fingernail or toenail
Direction
Meaning 2 toenail; claw
Reference SEAlang Shan
Comment tin1 'foot; bottom'
NEW Realization 17
Type Polysemy
Language Thai
Lexeme lép
Meaning 1 nail (of the finger or toe)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEAlang Thai
Comment
NEW Realization 18
Type Polysemy
Language Vietnamese
Lexeme móng
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw; talon
Reference SEAlang Vietnamese
Comment
NEW Realization 19
Type Polysemy
Language Balinese
Lexeme kuku
Meaning 1 (low register) nail (finger, toe)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEALang Balinese
Comment
NEW Realization 20
Type Polysemy
Language Burmese
Lexeme leʔ θé (လက်သည်း)
Meaning 1 finger nails
Direction
Meaning 2 claw; talon
Reference SEAlang Burmrse
Comment
NEW Realization 21
Type Polysemy
Language Hiligaynon
Lexeme gapás
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEAlang Hiligaynon
Comment
NEW Realization 22
Type Polysemy
Language Hiligaynon
Lexeme kalalót
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEAlang Hiligaynon
Comment 'Nail, claw or anything else used for scratching, scraping, digging out earth, etc'
NEW Realization 23
Type Polysemy
Language Hiligaynon
Lexeme kokó
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEAlang Hiligaynon
Comment
NEW Realization 24
Type Polysemy
Language Hiligaynon
Lexeme kokó
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEAlang Hiligaynon
Comment
NEW Realization 25
Type Polysemy
Language Ilocano
Lexeme kuku
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEAlang Ilocano
Comment
NEW Realization 26
Type Polysemy
Language Indonesian
Lexeme kuku
Meaning 1 nail (of finger or toe)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEALang Indonesia
Comment
NEW Realization 27
Type Polysemy
Language Javanese
Lexeme kanaka
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEAlang Javanese
Comment Register: krama inggil
NEW Realization 28
Type Polysemy
Language Javanese
Lexeme kuku
Meaning 1 fingernail, toenail
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEAlang Javanese
Comment
NEW Realization 29
Type Polysemy
Language Khmer
Lexeme krɑcɑɑk
Meaning 1 (finger or toe) nail
Direction
Meaning 2 claw; talon
Reference SEAlang Khmer
Comment
NEW Realization 30
Type Polysemy
Language Lao
Lexeme nā kʰá
Meaning 1 fingernail
Direction
Meaning 2 claw; talon
Reference SEAlang Lao
Comment From Pali
NEW Realization 31
Type Polysemy
Language Lao
Lexeme lēp
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEAlang Lao
Comment
NEW Realization 32
Type Polysemy
Language Malay
Lexeme kuku
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEALang Malay
Comment
NEW Realization 33
Type Polysemy
Language Maranao
Lexeme kanoko
Meaning 1 fingernail; toenail
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEAlang Maranao
Comment
NEW Realization 34
Type Polysemy
Language Modern Mon
Lexeme hənem
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference SEAlang Mon
Comment
NEW Realization 35
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme hilb
Meaning 1 nail (body part)



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Direction
Meaning 2 claw



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Reference Baskakov 1977: 408
Comment
NEW Realization 36
Type Polysemy
Language Chukchee
Lexeme вагылгын
Meaning 1 nail (body part)
Direction
Meaning 2 claw
Reference Moll, Inènlikèj 1957: 18
Comment