to speak to give orders 11 realizations
ACCEPTED Realization 1
Type Polysemy
Language 1 Ancient Greek
Language 2 Old English
Lexeme ἔπω
Meaning 1 to speak
Direction
Meaning 2 to order εἴπω γυναιξὶν δεῖπνον τετυκεῖν
'I will order the servants to prepare breakfast'
Reference
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Derivation
Language Icelandic
Lexeme 1 segja
Lexeme 2 segja fyrir
Meaning 1 to say, to tell, to infrom hvað ég vildi nú sagt hafa?
'what did I want to say?'
Direction
Meaning 2 to order, to prescribe segja fyrir verkum
'to give out orders about work on the farm; to lead work'
Reference
Comment Берков
ACCEPTED Realization 3
Type Polysemy
Language Fula
Lexeme haala
Meaning 1 to speak
Direction
Meaning 2 to order
Reference
Comment ФРФС 211
ACCEPTED Realization 4
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme αὐδάω
Meaning 1 to speak ὁμοκλήσας ἔπος ηὔσα
'He spoke menacingly (Homer)'
Meaning 2 to order αὐδάω τινὶ ποιεῖν τι
'to order smn to do smth'
Reference
Comment LSJ 275
ACCEPTED Realization 5
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme εἴρω
Meaning 1 to speak
Meaning 2 to order εἴρητο συλλέγεσθαι (ὁ στρατός)
'the army got an order to get prepared (Herodotus)'
Reference
Comment LSJ 491
ACCEPTED Realization 6
Type Polysemy
Language Armenian
Lexeme asel
Meaning 1 to speak
Meaning 2 to order, to assign
Reference
Comment АрмРС 76
ACCEPTED Realization 7
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 skazat'
Lexeme 2 prikazat'
Meaning 1 to say
Meaning 2 to order
Reference
Comment Some Slavic languages have the verb КАЗАТЬ 'to speak' with no prefix.
ACCEPTED Realization 8
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme λέγω
Meaning 1 to speak
Meaning 2 to order, to prescribe τινὶ ποιεῖν τι
'to do smth to smn'
Reference
Comment LSJ 1033-1034
ACCEPTED Realization 9
Type Polysemy
Language Moksha
Lexeme марьгомс
Meaning 1 to say
Meaning 2 to order
Reference
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 10
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Hebrew
Lexeme ʔāmar
Meaning 1 to speak ʔel hā-ʔiššā ʔāmar…
'he said to the woman: …’ (Gn 3:16)'
Meaning 2 to order ʔāmar ləhābīʔ ʔet-waštī ha-mmalkā
'‘he ordered to bring Queen Vashti’ (Esth. 1:17)'
Reference
Comment HALAT 63-64
NEW Realization 11
Type Polysemy
Language Vietnamese
Lexeme bảo
Meaning 1 to speak Trâu ơi ta bảo trâu nау
'hey buffalo, that's what I'll tell you.'
Direction
Meaning 2 to give orders Thầy giáo bảo em ở lại
'The teacher ordered me to stay'
Reference Bùi Hiền 2017: 38
Comment