to hear / to listen to obey 110 realizations
ACCEPTED Realization 1
Type Polysemy
Language Korean
Lexeme tut-
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Haser 2000: 176
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme sikia
Meaning 1 hear
Direction
Meaning 2 obey
Reference Haser 2000: 176
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 3
Type Polysemy
Language Tzotzil
Lexeme ʻaʻik`op
Meaning 1 hear words
Direction
Meaning 2 be obedient
Reference Haser 2000: 176
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 4
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme شنیدن šenidan
Meaning 1 hearing شنونده šenavande
'listener'
Direction
Meaning 2 obedience
Reference
Comment ПРС 519.
ACCEPTED Realization 5
Type Polysemy
Language Romanian
Lexeme a asculta
Meaning 1 to listen a asculta o operă
'to listen to an opera'
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey a asculta de părinţi, a asculta orbeşte
'to obey parents, to follow like sheep'
Reference DEX98
Comment DRRS 1, 142, DEX98
ACCEPTED Realization 6
Type Polysemy
Language Djabugay
Lexeme bina warray
Meaning 1 ear bad
Direction
Meaning 2 disobedient
Reference Haser 2000: 176
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 7
Type Polysemy
Language Erzya
Lexeme кунсоломс
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey кунсоломс ялгань советэнть
'to follow a friend's advice'
Reference Serebrennikov et al. 1993: 315
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 8
Type Polysemy
Language Hausa
Lexeme ji
Meaning 1 heard
Direction
Meaning 2 obeyed
Reference Haser 2000: 176
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 9
Type Polysemy
Language Telugu
Lexeme vinu
Meaning 1 hear
Direction
Meaning 2 obey
Reference Haser 2000: 176
Comment Also DEDR: 502 - vinu (viṇṭ-)
ACCEPTED Realization 10
Type Polysemy
Language Zulu
Lexeme zwa
Meaning 1 hear
Direction
Meaning 2 obey
Reference Haser 2000: 176
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 11
Type Polysemy
Language Tundra Yukaghir
Lexeme мөри-
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Anikin 2000: 497
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 12
Type Polysemy
Language Geez
Lexeme samʕa
Meaning 1 to hear, hear of ba-kama samāʕkəmu ba-ʔəzani-kəmu
'as you heard with your ears '
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey, be obedient ʔi-samʕu ḥəggo
'they did not obey his law '
Reference LLA: 336-337
Comment For Arabic and Akkadian cf. other examples in the same shift. Cf. also Jewish Aramaic šmʕ 'to hear; to obey' (Sokoloff JPA 558).
ACCEPTED Realization 13
Type Polysemy
Language Arabic
Lexeme samiʕa
Meaning 1 to hear, listen samiʕtu lahu ṣawt-an
'I heard him utter, or produce, a sound '
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey ʔinnī ʔāmantu bi-rabb-i-kum fa-smaʕū-ni
'I believe in your Lord, and do ye obey me'
Reference BK: I 1139
Comment Lane 1527
ACCEPTED Realization 14
Type Polysemy
Language Akkadian
Lexeme šemû
Meaning 1 'to hear, to listen' petâma ul i-šem-ma-a uznāya
'my ears are open but cannot hear '
Direction
Meaning 2 'to comply, to obey' mimma ša tašapparu annikīam ḳubītka ša-me-am eleʔi
'whatever you may order, I, here, am able to obey your command'
Reference CAD
Comment CAD š 2, 277-283
ACCEPTED Realization 15
Type Polysemy
Language German
Lexeme hören
Meaning 1 to hear, to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey auf j-n hören
'to obey to smn'
Reference Moskal'skaja (ed.) 2001
Comment Also horchen 'to listen' and gehorchen 'to obey'
ACCEPTED Realization 16
Type Polysemy
Language Macedonian
Lexeme sluša
Meaning 1 to hear, to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Tolovski, Illič-Svityč 1963: 468
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 17
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme audio, -īre
Meaning 1 to listen, to hear Saepe hoc majores natu dicere audivi.
'I used to hear it from elder people.'
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey, pay attention to currus non audit habenas.
'chariot doesn't obey the reins.'
Reference Glare
Comment Also both meanings in derivative oboedire [ob + audire]. From oboedio are descended Italian ubbidire and obbedire, Friulian ubidî, Old French obeir (Modern French obéir). Old French > Anglo-Norman obeir, obeier > Middle English obeyen > Modern English obey. Spanish and Portugal obedecer from Vulgar Latin *oboedescere, present active infinitive of *oboedesceō, from Latin oboedire.
ACCEPTED Realization 18
Type Polysemy
Language Archi
Lexeme oj ačas
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Kibrik et al. (eds.) 1977: 287
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 19
Type Polysemy
Language Chamalal
Lexeme woɬuk'la
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Magomedova 1999: 110
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 20
Type Polysemy
Language Yakut
Lexeme ihit-
Meaning 1 to listen, to hear истэрин истибитим
'I did hear him'
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey балта убайын истэр
'The younger sister is listening to the elder brother'
Reference Anikin 2000: 497
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 21
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme ἀκούω
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey ἀκούει οὐδὲν οὐδεὶς οὐδενός
'Nobody is subject to no one not in one thing ( Euripides, Cyclops, 5.230)'
Reference LSJ: 53-54
Comment Also derivatives εἰσακούω, ἐσακούω, ἐπακούω, κατακούω, ὑπακούω with both meanings.
ACCEPTED Realization 22
Type Polysemy
Language Tuvan
Lexeme дыңна-
Meaning 1 to listen, to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Tenišev 2008
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 23
Type Polysemy
Language Even
Lexeme долдъ-
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference SSTM: 1, 214-215
Comment The same in Evenki, Nanai, in Jurchen it is the derived verb that has meaning B. In Ulcha and Orok there is only meaning A, but there are derived words meaning 'obedient'.
ACCEPTED Realization 24
Type Polysemy
Language Gagauz
Lexeme sesle-
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to heed (smn's advice)
Reference Gajdarži et al. 1973: 413
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 25
Type Polysemy
Language Nganasan
Lexeme дильситiси
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference NMS: 436 Kosterkina, Momde, Ždanova 2001: 41
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 26
Type Polysemy
Language Mandarin Chinese
Lexeme 1 tīng (听)
Lexeme 2 tīng
Meaning 1 to listen Tīng yīnyuè (听音乐)
'listen to music'
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey Wǒ zuótiān qīn quàn quàn tā ya, tā háishì bù tīng (我昨天亲劝劝他呀, 他还是不听)
'I persuaded him three times yesterday, but he still does not obey'
Reference BKRS: 14510
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 27
Type Polysemy
Language Nahuatl
Lexeme caqui
Meaning 1 hear
Direction
Meaning 2 obey
Reference Haser 2000: 176
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 28
Type Derivation
Language Gugu-yimidjir
Lexeme 1 milga
Lexeme 2 milga-dhirr
Meaning 1 ear
Direction
Meaning 2 obedient
Reference Haser 2000: 176
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 29
Type Polysemy
Language Sogdian
Lexeme ptγwš-
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference ESIJa: 3, 248
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 30
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme dinle-
Meaning 1 listen to, hear
Direction
Meaning 2 obey
Reference Haser 2000: 176
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 31
Type Polysemy
Language Japanese
Lexeme kiku (聞く)
Meaning 1 hear Karera wa sono nyūsu o kiite odoroita (彼らはそのニュースを聞いて驚いた)
'They were surprised to hear the news.'
Direction
Meaning 2 obey hito-no iu koto-o kikanai
'not to take other people into account, not to listen to other people's advice'
Reference Haser 2000: 176
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 32
Type Polysemy
Language Koryak
Lexeme валомык
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Moll 1960: 13
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 33
Type Polysemy
Language Manchu
Lexeme donjibu-
Meaning 1 let someone hear
Direction
Meaning 2 obey
Reference Haser 2000: 176
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 34
Type Polysemy
Language Egyptian
Lexeme sdm
Meaning 1 hear
Direction
Meaning 2 obey
Reference Haser 2000: 176
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 35
Type Polysemy
Language Paamese
Lexeme loŋe
Meaning 1 hear
Direction
Meaning 2 obey
Reference Haser 2000: 176
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 36
Type Polysemy
Language Kiribati
Lexeme oŋo taeka
Meaning 1 hear the word
Direction
Meaning 2 obey
Reference Haser 2000: 176
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 37
Type Polysemy
Language Kaulong
Lexeme hul ßet
Meaning 1 hear under
Direction
Meaning 2 obey
Reference Haser 2000: 176
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 38
Type Polysemy
Language Tamil
Lexeme kēḷ
Meaning 1 hear
Direction
Meaning 2 obey
Reference Haser 2000: 176
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 39
Type Polysemy
Language Finnish
Lexeme kuulla
Meaning 1 hear kuulla huonosti
'hard to hear'
Direction
Meaning 2 obey kuulla vanhempiaan
'to obey the parents'
Reference Vahros, Ščerbakov 2007: 282
Comment Haser 2000, 176
ACCEPTED Realization 40
Type Polysemy
Language Buru
Lexeme čaa-n
Meaning 1 hear
Direction
Meaning 2 obey
Reference Haser 2000: 176
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 41
Type Polysemy
Language Maori
Lexeme whakarongo
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference MD
Comment From rongo ' to hear, feel, smell, taste, perceive - used for all the senses except sight'
ACCEPTED Realization 42
Type Polysemy
Language Czech
Lexeme poslouchati
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Kopeckij 1976: 2, 89
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 43
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme ausculto, -āre
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen (esp. attentively)
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Glare
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 44
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme ἀΐω
Meaning 1 to perceive by the ear, to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference LSJ
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 45
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme ἀκροάομαι
Meaning 1 to hearken, to listen to
Direction
Meaning 2 to attend to, to obey
Reference LSJ
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 46
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme κλύω
Meaning 1 to hear, to give ear to, to attend to
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey “θυγατρὶ φίλῃ μάλα μὲν κλύον
'(they) obeyed their dear daughter'
Reference LSJ
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 47
Type Derivation
Language Komi
Lexeme 1 кывзыны
Lexeme 2 кывзысьны
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen радио кывзыны
'listen to the radio'
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey кывзысьны гырысьяслысь
'obey the elders'
Reference КомиРС
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 48
Type Polysemy
Language Mansi
Lexeme хӯнтлуӈкве
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Afanas'eva, Sobjanina 2012
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 49
Type Polysemy
Language Mari
Lexeme колышташ
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen шӱшпык мурым колышташ
'listen to nightingale singing'
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey Тудын (Толян) ачаже уке. Мӧҥгыштӧ аважым ок колышт.
'Tolya has no father. At home, he does not obey his mother.'
Reference Marij jylme muter
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 50
Type Polysemy
Language Beja
Lexeme maasiw
Meaning 1 to hear, perceive
Direction
Meaning 2 to heed
Reference Vanhove 2008: 347
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 51
Type Polysemy
Language Beja
Lexeme sinaakir
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Vanhove 2008: 347
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 52
Type Polysemy
Language Greenlandic Inuit
Lexeme naala(k)
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Vanhove 2008: 347
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 53
Type Polysemy
Language Tamang
Lexeme 1ngjan-pa
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Vanhove 2008: 347
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 54
Type Polysemy
Language Bodoe
Lexeme zéi
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to follow advice
Reference Vanhove 2008: 353
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 55
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 слушать (slušat')
Lexeme 2 слушаться (slušat'sja)
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Sweetser 1990: 35
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 56
Type Polysemy
Language Eastern Canadian Inuktitut
Lexeme naalak
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Vanhove 2008: 347
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 57
Type Polysemy
Language Pitjantjatjara
Lexeme kulini
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to heed
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000: 563
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 58
Type Polysemy
Language Wik-Mungkan
Lexeme ngeeyan
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000: 567
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 59
Type Polysemy
Language Lardil
Lexeme merri
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey, pay heed to
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000: 567
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 60
Type Polysemy
Language Kukatja
Lexeme kulila
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000: 569
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 61
Type Polysemy
Language Pintupi-Luritja
Lexeme kulinu
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Evans, Wilkins 2000: 569
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 62
Type Polysemy
Language Hungarian
Lexeme hallgat
Meaning 1 to listen zeneszámot hallgatni
'to listen to a piece of music'
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey nem hallgat senkire
'he does not obey anyone'
Reference Гальди 1974: 284
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 63
Type Polysemy
Language Yaqui (Hiaki)
Lexeme hikkaha
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen Ne chuu'uta voemta hikkahak.
'I heard the dog barking'
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey U ili o'ou a hikkahak.
'The little boy obeyed him.'
Reference Dictionary Yaqui: 46
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 64
Type Polysemy
Language Udmurt
Lexeme кылзыны
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Kirillova 2008
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 65
Type Polysemy
Language Abaza
Lexeme azdʒərʕʷra
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Tugov 1967
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 66
Type Polysemy
Language Rapanui
Lexeme haka roŋo
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3
ACCEPTED Realization 67
Type Polysemy
Language Colorado (Tsafiki)
Lexeme me'ra-no
Meaning 1 to listen, to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3
ACCEPTED Realization 68
Type Polysemy
Language Bezhta
Lexeme энекзи йахъал
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3 From Avar гӀенеккизе
ACCEPTED Realization 69
Type Polysemy
Language Zuni
Lexeme hatiyāw-
Meaning 1 to listen, to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3
ACCEPTED Realization 70
Type Polysemy
Language Embera
Lexeme ũ'rĩ-
Meaning 1 to listen, to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3
ACCEPTED Realization 71
Type Polysemy
Language Yuwana (Hodï)
Lexeme ãku
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3
ACCEPTED Realization 72
Type Polysemy
Language Cofán
Lexeme 'paɲa-ɲe
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3
ACCEPTED Realization 73
Type Polysemy
Language Yagua
Lexeme tuwãču
Meaning 1 to listen, to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3
ACCEPTED Realization 74
Type Polysemy
Language Waurá
Lexeme eteme
Meaning 1 to listen, to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3
ACCEPTED Realization 75
Type Polysemy
Language Cavineña
Lexeme baka-ya
Meaning 1 to listen, to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3
ACCEPTED Realization 76
Type Polysemy
Language Catuquina (Kanamarí)
Lexeme nĩka-
Meaning 1 to listen, to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3
ACCEPTED Realization 77
Type Polysemy
Language Chácobo
Lexeme nika-
Meaning 1 to listen, to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3
ACCEPTED Realization 78
Type Polysemy
Language Avar
Lexeme гІен тІанде
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3 Andalal dialect
ACCEPTED Realization 79
Type Polysemy
Language Yaminahua
Lexeme nika-kĩ
Meaning 1 to listen, to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3
ACCEPTED Realization 80
Type Polysemy
Language Mocoví
Lexeme n-aʔʁa-yaʁan
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3
ACCEPTED Realization 81
Type Polysemy
Language Chorote (Iyo'wujwa Chorote)
Lexeme -kyuwa
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3
ACCEPTED Realization 82
Type Polysemy
Language Avar
Lexeme гӀенеккизе
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3 East Gergebil and Salatav dialects
ACCEPTED Realization 83
Type Polysemy
Language Avar
Lexeme гӀинтӀамизе
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3 East Gergebil and Salatav dialects
ACCEPTED Realization 84
Type Polysemy
Language Buyang
Lexeme ta.0 ŋu:i.33
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3 Ecun dialect
ACCEPTED Realization 85
Type Polysemy
Language Botlikh
Lexeme гьантІукІа рикки
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3 Miarso dialect
ACCEPTED Realization 86
Type Polysemy
Language Tsudakhar Dargwa
Lexeme лехӀахъиж
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3 Tanty subdialect
ACCEPTED Realization 87
Type Polysemy
Language Kumyk
Lexeme тынгламакъ
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3 Ter Bragun dialect
ACCEPTED Realization 88
Type Polysemy
Language Surin Khmer (Northern Khmer)
Lexeme sdap
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3
ACCEPTED Realization 89
Type Polysemy
Language Kanuri
Lexeme fàntə́
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference World Loanword Database
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 90
Type Polysemy
Language Lower Sorbian
Lexeme słuchaś
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3
ACCEPTED Realization 91
Type Polysemy
Language Q'eqchi'
Lexeme ab'ink
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference IDS
Comment CLICS-3
ACCEPTED Realization 92
Type Polysemy
Language Mamaindé (Northern Nambikwara)
Lexeme na'katagu
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Carling (ed.) 2017
Comment CLICS-3
ACCEPTED Realization 93
Type Polysemy
Language Mamaindé (Northern Nambikwara)
Lexeme nakani
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Carling (ed.) 2017
Comment CLICS-3 Latundê dialect
ACCEPTED Realization 94
Type Polysemy
Language Kashinawa
Lexeme ninka
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Carling (ed.) 2017
Comment CLICS-3
ACCEPTED Realization 95
Type Polysemy
Language Kichwa
Lexeme uyana
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference World Loanword Database
Comment CLICS-3
ACCEPTED Realization 96
Type Polysemy
Language Otomi
Lexeme o̲de
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference World Loanword Database
Comment CLICS-3
ACCEPTED Realization 97
Type Polysemy
Language Bulgarian
Lexeme слушам
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey слушам баща си
'to obey the father'
Reference Bernštejn 1966: 617
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 98
Type Polysemy
Language Burmese
Lexeme nà
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey an order; listen to advice
Reference SEAlang Burmrse
Comment Also ná tʰaʊ̀̃ 'listen; obey or follow instructions'
ACCEPTED Realization 99
Type Polysemy
Language Ilocano
Lexeme dengngeg
Meaning 1 to listen, pay attention to; hence
Direction
Meaning 2 to heed, obey
Reference SEAlang Ilocano
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 100
Type Derivation
Language Indonesian
Lexeme 1 dengar
Lexeme 2 mendengarkan
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to listen to; to obey, comply with
Reference SEALang Indonesia
Comment Also dengar-dengaran 'to like to listen', 'as if one hears something, to hear something vaguely, think one hears something', 'to listen to each other', 'to listen (to), obey'
ACCEPTED Realization 101
Type Polysemy
Language Lao
Lexeme fáŋ
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference SEAlang Lao
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 102
Type Polysemy
Language Shan
Lexeme tʰɔm2
Meaning 1 to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference SEAlang Shan
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 103
Type Polysemy
Language Vietnamese
Lexeme nghe
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference SEAlang Vietnamese
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 104
Type Polysemy
Language Karaim
Lexeme тынъла-
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference KRPS: 558
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 105
Type Polysemy
Language Kurux
Lexeme mennā (meńj-)
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference DEDR: 502
Comment
NEW Realization 106
Type Polysemy
Language Serbian
Lexeme слушати (slušati)
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen слушати звона
'to hear ringing'
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey слушати родитеље
'to obey parents'
Reference Vujanitsh et al. 2007: 1243
Comment
NEW Realization 107
Type Derivation
Language Selkup
Lexeme 1 ӱнголҗэ́шпэгу
Lexeme 2 ӱнголҗэмбэгý ~ ӱнгэлҗэмбэгу́
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen Чаптэ́п нагре́шпам, Ве́ркат лэ́рлап ӱнголҗэ́шпам
'I am writing a fairy tale, listening to Vera's songs.'
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey ӱнгэлҗэмбэгу́ элаве́м
'to obey the parents'
Reference Consolidated Selkup
Comment
NEW Realization 108
Type Polysemy
Language Batsbi
Lexeme larḳ ‘opar (‘epar)
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Bertlani (ed.) 2013: 54
Comment
NEW Realization 109
Type Polysemy
Language Batsbi
Lexeme xac̣ar
Meaning 1 to hear
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference Bertlani (ed.) 2018: 211
Comment
NEW Realization 110
Type Polysemy
Language Croatian
Lexeme slušati
Meaning 1 to hear / to listen slušati govor, zvukove
'to hear speech, sounds'
Direction
Meaning 2 to obey
Reference HJP
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