Number of realizations

6

<foreigner>

fantastic monster

Realization
Type Derivation
Language Osetin
Lexeme 1 Rum
Lexeme 2 Rujmon
Meaning 1 Rome
Direction
Meaning 2 a mythical monster
Reference
Related Languages
Comment It is derived by means of the suffix -on, the same in ir-on 'Ossetian', digor-n 'Digor Ossetian' etc.
Realization
Type Borrowing
Language 1 Even
Language 2 Yakut
Lexeme 1 булэн
Lexeme 2 mülüön
Meaning 1 yukaghir (a Siberian tribe)
Direction
Meaning 2 mythic wild man, evil spirit
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Аникин 2000, 399
Realization
Type Derivation
Language Avestan
Lexeme 1 dāha-
Lexeme 2 dahāka-
Meaning 1 the tribe of dahi
Direction
Meaning 2 demon
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Журавлев 2007, 97
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Buriat
Lexeme мангад
Meaning 1 Russian
Direction
Meaning 2 many headed monster
Reference
Related Languages
Comment The meaning of 'Russian' emerged under the influence of the Manchu word polysemy. Аникин 2003, 515
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Tagalog
Lexeme dambuhalà
Meaning 1 savage
Direction
Meaning 2 monster
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Таг 104
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Manchu
Lexeme лоча
Meaning 1 Russian
Direction
Meaning 2 demon haunting people
Reference
Related Languages
Comment Coincidence between words of different origin. In the first meaning it is the Samoyedic Manchu Tungus word for the Russians (Nen. луца, Enets. люотя, Evenk. луча), that in the end goes back to the Old Nenets луотса (< русский, Russian). The second comes from the Cin. luocha < Sanskr. rākšas 'evil demon'.