father <term of address to a man> 34 realizations
ACCEPTED Realization 1
Type Polysemy
Language Tamil
Lexeme appā
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2
Reference Tamil lexicon
Comment The word is used as term of address 1) in direct sense, to an elder man; 2) in metaphorical sense, to a person "lower in social status or younger".
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Polysemy
Language Brahui
Lexeme abā
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to an elder man
Reference Bray_Brahui dictionary: 49
Comment Also: bāva "father", "respectful form of address to an elderly man". (68)
ACCEPTED Realization 3
Type Polysemy
Language Russian
Lexeme отец, otec
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 И дашь ты нам, отец, к водке ветчины вестфальской и луку испанского
'And you give us, father, Westphalian ham and Spanish onion [for a snack] to vodka.Maxim Gorky, The Life of Klim Samgin '
Reference Efremova 2000
Comment Used as a familiar appeal to an elderly man. BAS 8, 1364-1366
ACCEPTED Realization 4
Type Polysemy
Language Yaqui (Hiaki)
Lexeme hapchi
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 title of respect used by a woman to a man
Reference Dictionary Yaqui: 40
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 5
Type Polysemy
Language Mandarin Chinese
Lexeme fù (父)
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2
Reference BKRS
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 6
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme πατήρ
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 respectful mode of addressing persons older than oneself ξεῖνε πάτερ!
'venerable wanderer!'
Reference LSJ
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 7
Type Polysemy
Language Romanian
Lexeme tată
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address for a child (or a young person) to mark a relationship of familiarity and sympathy
Reference DEX98
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 8
Type Polysemy
Language Romanian
Lexeme tată
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a (older) man in respect or affection
Reference DEX98
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 9
Type Polysemy
Language Swahili
Lexeme baba
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 a form of respectful address to elders by age, position, rank, etc.
Reference Polikanov
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 10
Type Polysemy
Language Zulu
Lexeme u-baba
Meaning 1 (my, our) father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a respected elder man
Reference Bryant 1905: 13
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 11
Type Polysemy
Language Bube
Lexeme böiè
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a man
Reference Bolekia 2009: 120
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 12
Type Polysemy
Language Dan
Lexeme
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address used for men of the parent's generation
Reference Vydrine, Kességbeu 2008: 120
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 13
Type Polysemy
Language Hausa
Lexeme baba
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a elder man
Reference Ol'derogge ed. 1963: 27
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 14
Type Polysemy
Language Turkmen
Lexeme ата (ata)
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2
Reference ESTJA: 1, 200-201
Comment Also Uzbek, Turkish (dialct. ede), Kumyk.
ACCEPTED Realization 15
Type Derivation
Language Kazakh
Lexeme 1 ата (ata)
Lexeme 2 атай (ataj)
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a man
Reference Bektaev 1995: 60-61
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 16
Type Polysemy
Language Kichwa
Lexeme tayta
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a man
Reference Chimbo Aguinda et al. 2007: 195
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 17
Type Polysemy
Language Central Bolivian Quechua
Lexeme tayta
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a man
Reference Yaranga Valderrama 2003: 335
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 18
Type Polysemy
Language Central Bolivian Quechua
Lexeme yaya
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a man
Reference Yaranga Valderrama 2003: 400
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 19
Type Polysemy
Language Vietnamese
Lexeme cha
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a man
Reference Ošanin, Vũ Đăng Ất 1961: 85
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 20
Type Polysemy
Language Indonesian
Lexeme bapak
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 sir, Mr. (also a form of address); (to men) you, your. bapak Présidén
'Mr. President'
Reference Stevens, Schmidgall-Tellings 2010: 92
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 21
Type Polysemy
Language Tahitian
Lexeme pāpā
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a man
Reference Lemaître 1995: 91
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 22
Type Polysemy
Language Norwegian
Lexeme far
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a man
Reference Arakin 2000: 1, 224-225
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 23
Type Polysemy
Language Thai
Lexeme pɔ̂ɔ (พ่อ)
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 endearment address of an older man to a younger man, to children
Reference Morev 1964: 514
Comment SEAlanf Thai: title used before the first names of boys or, in certain circumstances, of men.
ACCEPTED Realization 24
Type Polysemy
Language Burmese
Lexeme 1 aba
Lexeme 2 aba.
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address for a man who is about the same age as one's father
Reference SEAlang Burmrse
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 25
Type Polysemy
Language Hiligaynon
Lexeme tatay
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 respect form for older male relatives
Reference SEAlang Hiligaynon
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 26
Type Polysemy
Language Indonesian
Lexeme babé
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 form of address to an older man or someone in a higher position (teacher, employer, etc.)
Reference SEALang Indonesia
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 27
Type Polysemy
Language Javanese
Lexeme bapak
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to an older and/or higher-ranking male
Reference SEAlang Javanese
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 28
Type Polysemy
Language Javanese
Lexeme pak
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a older or higher-status male
Reference SEAlang Javanese
Comment shortened form of bapak
ACCEPTED Realization 29
Type Polysemy
Language Azerbaijani
Lexeme ata
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 term of address to a elder man Ata, mərkəzi meydan haradır?
'Father, where is the central square?'
Reference Azərbaycanca-rusca lüǧet 2006: 1, 161
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 30
Type Polysemy
Language Kurux
Lexeme babas
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2
Reference Oraon-English Dictionary: 45
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 31
Type Polysemy
Language Kurux
Lexeme baṇgas
Meaning 1 father (either natural or adoptive)
Direction
Meaning 2 in vocative, the second meaning - term of respectful address to an old man
Reference Oraon-English Dictionary: 57
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 32
Type Polysemy
Language Kannada
Lexeme taṃde
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 respectful form of addressing one’s male elders with respect and endearment
Reference Kannada-English Etymological Dictionary: 435
Comment Also: ayya 'father', 'word used for calling a man with respect (which has been replaced by “Sir” in cities)' (52)
ACCEPTED Realization 33
Type Polysemy
Language Telugu
Lexeme nāyana
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 used also as an endearing term
Reference Brown Telugu dictionary: 645
Comment Also the most popular word for "father" - ayya 'father', 'sir', 'old gentlman', 'term of address' [Brown - 77]
NEW Realization 34
Type Polysemy
Language Marathi
Lexeme tātyā
Meaning 1 father
Direction
Meaning 2 a respectful or courteous compellation or mention for a male person
Reference Molesworth 1857: 374
Comment

A term of respectful or courteous compellation or mention for a male person gen.