Number of realizations

2

marten

money

Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Old East Slavic
Lexeme коуна (kuna)
Meaning 1 marten
Direction
Meaning 2 money
Reference SRJa XI-XVII page 8 120-121
Related Languages
Comment Sreznevskij 1, 1364-1367. weight and monetary unit, and name of the coin used in Russia in the X-XV centuries. Later, with the appearance of Western European silver coins, the European denarius was also called коуна. Also ‘money (in general)’. 1 kuna = 1⁄25 grivna (гривна) = 2 rezanas (резана) = 4-6 veveritsas (веверица). Later 1 лгтф = 1/50 grivna, An alternative view denies the relationship between коуна ‘marten’ and коуна ‘monetary unit’ and connects Slavic коуна with Late Latin cuneus ‘wedge, wedge shape’ (compare French and English coin from cuneus) (Spasskij 1962)
Realization
Type Polysemy
Language Croatian
Lexeme kuna
Meaning 1 marten
Direction
Meaning 2 the currency of Croatia, in 1941-1945 and since 1994
Reference Bagdasarov 2003 page 139
Related Languages
Comment During early medieval the marten was adopted for the payment of levies and taxes, and became the name of the very tax being collected marturina (from Medieval Latin martus 'marten') or kunovina. During the 13th and 14th centuries, the marten incuse appeared on silver coins struck by viceroys and kings, and the figure of the marten became an important heraldic, later official state symbol (Granic 2008)