heavy (of weight) important 17 realizations
ACCEPTED Realization 1
Type Polysemy
Language Japanese
Lexeme omoi (重い)
Meaning 1 heavy 手伝いましょう。あなたの鞄とても重そうです
'Let me help you. Your bag looks very heavy.'
Direction
Meaning 2 serious, important 重い地位にいる
'to hold a position of responsibility'
Reference
Comment EDICT. ЯРИРЯС 68.
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme ثقیل ṯaqil
Meaning 1 heaviness, weight
Direction
Meaning 2 importance ثقیل دلیل ṯaqil dalil
'solid argument'
Reference Rubinčik 1970: 419
Comment ПРС 233.
ACCEPTED Realization 3
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme käbbad
Meaning 1 heavy käbbad saṭən 'a heavy box' (Leslau 1973:572)
Direction
Meaning 2 serious, grave, impressive käbbad nägär 'a serious, an important affair' (K 1425)
Reference
Comment (K 1425)
ACCEPTED Realization 4
Type Polysemy
Language Mongolian (Khalkha)
Lexeme hünd
Meaning 1 heavy
Meaning 2 respected, important
Reference
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 5
Type Polysemy
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme razīn-
Meaning 1 heavy
Direction
Meaning 2 serious, important rağul-un razīn-un
'important, respected person'
Reference
Comment (BK I 857). Borrowed in Pers. рäзин 'sound, heavy; respectable, important'. Tna. räzzin 'heavy, weighty; massy, solid, deadweight; fig. staid, serious, grave' (KT 595-596)
ACCEPTED Realization 6
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme βάρος
Meaning 1 heaviness, weight
Direction
Meaning 2 weight, significance, merit
Reference
Comment LSJ 307
ACCEPTED Realization 7
Type Derivation
Language Russian
Lexeme 1 ves
Lexeme 2 vesomyj
Meaning 1 weight
Meaning 2 ponderable
Reference
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 8
Type Derivation
Language 1 Ukrainian
Language 2 Russian
Lexeme 1 vaha
Lexeme 2 važnyj
Meaning 1 weight, burden
Meaning 2 important
Reference
Comment Cf. Vasmer I: 162; ### Old Slavonic. ДГ!
ACCEPTED Realization 9
Type Polysemy
Language English
Lexeme weighty
Meaning 1 heavy
Direction
Meaning 2 weighty
Reference
Comment Cf. also German wichtig 'important' < Gewicht 'weight' (Kluge 986) {derivation}
ACCEPTED Realization 10
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme gravis
Meaning 1 heavy
Direction
Meaning 2 important stoicus gravissimus
'the most influential stoic'
Reference
Comment Glare 775
ACCEPTED Realization 11
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme ağır
Meaning 1 heavy ağır bir yük
'hard load'
Direction
Meaning 2 important, solemn 1) ağır sat-
'1) t give oneself airs 2) to show respect, honour'
Reference
Comment ТуРС 28.
ACCEPTED Realization 12
Type Polysemy
Language Sanskrit
Lexeme gurú
Meaning 1 heavy
Direction
Meaning 2 important
Reference
Comment also 'respected (person)', hence later meaning of 'teacher'. Кочергина 194. Cf. also gaurava 'heaviness, importance, dignity, respect'. Кочергина 198
ACCEPTED Realization 13
Type Polysemy
Language Tagalog
Lexeme bigát
Meaning 1 weight
Direction
Meaning 2 influential person
Reference
Comment Таг 54
ACCEPTED Realization 14
Type Polysemy
Language Tabassaran
Lexeme aʁir
Meaning 1 heavy, hard, difficult
Direction
Meaning 2 important, dignified
Reference
Comment (TabRus 48). A Turkic loan.
ACCEPTED Realization 15
Type Polysemy
Language Farsi
Lexeme سنگین sangin
Meaning 1 heavy سنگین چمدان sangin čamedān
'heavy bag'
Direction
Meaning 2 important سنگین اشتباه sangin eštebāh
' serious mistake'
Reference Rubinčik 1970: 2, 63
Comment ПРС 476. It has been derived from the word сäнг 'stone'.
ACCEPTED Realization 16
Type Semantic evolution
Language Polish
Lexeme ważny
Meaning 1 heavy (of weight)
Direction
Meaning 2 important
Reference Sakhno 2009: 58
Comment
NEW Realization 17
Type Derivation
Language Khamnigan Mongol
Lexeme 1 kündü
Lexeme 2 kündütei
Meaning 1 heavy (of weight)
Direction
Meaning 2 important, respected person
Reference Damdinov, Sundueva 2015: 184
Comment