to cut (tr.) to decide 20 realizations
ACCEPTED Realization 1
Type Polysemy
Language Turkish
Lexeme cezmet-
Meaning 1 to chop off, to clip
Direction
Meaning 2 to take the final decision
Reference
Comment ТуРС 153.
ACCEPTED Realization 2
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Greek
Lexeme διαιρέω
Meaning 1 to cut up, to cleave
Direction
Meaning 2 to solve a problem
Reference
Comment LSJ 395-396
ACCEPTED Realization 3
Type Derivation
Language Swahili
Lexeme 1 kata
Lexeme 2 kata shauri
Meaning 1 to cut
Direction
Meaning 2 to decide, to take decisions
Reference
Comment shauri 'to advice'
ACCEPTED Realization 4
Type Polysemy
Language Chaha
Lexeme anṭä-m
Meaning 1 cut, slaughter, reap cereals, harvest grain fʷägägä-m anṭä-m 'cut off something very close (e.g. the skin from the flesh)'
Direction
Meaning 2 decide yäsäda anč̣ərä-m ‘the elders decided that the person to whom injustice was done was to receive recompense’
Reference
Comment (LGur. I 17).
ACCEPTED Realization 5
Type Polysemy
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme ğazama
Meaning 1 to cut, cut off ğazama min-a n-naḫlat-i ğizm-an
'He cut off a portion (of the fruit) from the palm-tree'
Direction
Meaning 2 to decide, to determine ğazama l-ʔamr-a
'He decided the affaire irreversibly'
Reference Lane: 421
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 6
Type Polysemy
Language Amharic
Lexeme ḳʷärräṭä
Meaning 1 to cut, cut off əğun ḳʷärräṭä
' to cut off one's hand/arm'
Direction
Meaning 2 to decide, fix, deternine (on s.th.), to make a resolution guday ḳʷärräṭä
'to decide a matter'
Reference AED: 739-740
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 7
Type Polysemy
Language Ancient Hebrew
Lexeme gzr (qal-stem)
Meaning 1 to cut wa-yyōmer ha-mmeleḵ gizrū ʔät-ha-yyeled haḥay li-šənāyim (1K 3:25)
'And the king said: Cut the living infant in two.'
Direction
Meaning 2 to decide wə-tigzar ʔōmer wə-yāḳām lāḵ (Job 22:28)
'And you will decide upon something, and it will be established for you.'
Reference HAL: 179
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 8
Type Polysemy
Language Tigre
Lexeme batka
Meaning 1 to cut ʔəllā ʕə̣č̣̣č̣atki ʔəbtak (PPEA 12)
'Let me cut off this tree of yours.'
Direction
Meaning 2 to decide la-ʔaḥā ʔəgəl nosu ʔəgəl lənsəʔā batka (PPEA 28)
'He decided to take the cow to himself.'
Reference WTS: 287
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 9
Type Polysemy
Language Latin
Lexeme decido, -ere
Meaning 1 to cut, to chop off decido caput
Direction
Meaning 2 to decide
Reference
Comment Glare 490
SUSPENDED Realization 10
Type Polysemy
Language Mandarin Chinese
Lexeme jué
Meaning 1 cut
Direction
Meaning 2 decide
Reference <personally collected data>
Comment
ACCEPTED Realization 11
Type Polysemy
Language Tibetan
Lexeme gcod-pa
Meaning 1 to cut (off) kham-tshad-do gcod-pa
'to cut into pieces'
Direction
Meaning 2 to solve (question) dogs gcod-pa
'to settle (to remove) doubts'
Reference
Comment Рерих 3, 33.
ACCEPTED Realization 12
Type Derivation
Language Basque
Lexeme 1 ebaki
Lexeme 2 erabaki
Meaning 1 cut
Direction
Meaning 2 make someone cut; decide
Reference
Comment Deutscher 2005
ACCEPTED Realization 13
Type Polysemy
Language Endo
Lexeme til
Meaning 1 cut
Direction
Meaning 2 decide
Reference
Comment Deutscher 2005
ACCEPTED Realization 14
Type Derivation
Language Akkadian
Lexeme 1 purrrusu (D-stem)
Lexeme 2 parāsu
Meaning 1 to chop off, dismember ina sikkatim ullâninni-ma mešrētīya purrisā
'Hang me on a peg, dismember me (chop off my limbs).'
Direction
Meaning 2 to render a verdict, to make a decision mimma ša šarru ṣebû liprus
'The king should decide whatever he wishes.'
Reference CAD
Comment CAD p 171-172, 175 (> purussê "decision"). The meaning A belongs to the derived verb, and the meaning B is present in the non-derived verb. However, the verb parāsu has some other meanings like 'to stop', 'to block' which are presumably also derived from 'to cut'. The cognates elsewhere in Semitic have the meanings 'to break', 'to rent with teeth, to cut'.
ACCEPTED Realization 15
Type Polysemy
Language Classical Arabic
Lexeme batta
Meaning 1 to cut batattu l-ḥabl-a
'I cut the rope'
Direction
Meaning 2 to decide batta ʕalayhi l-ḳaḍāʔ-a
'He decided the judgement against him'
Reference Lane: 147
Comment LA II, 6.
ACCEPTED Realization 16
Type Derivation
Language Geez
Lexeme 1 matara
Lexeme 2 mətur
Meaning 1 to cut, amputate ʔəmattər rəʔsaka ʔəmənneka (1 Reg. 17:46)
'I’ll chop off your head'
Direction
Meaning 2 decided, decided upon, definite məturnu zənagar
'Is this thing decided?'
Reference LLA: 184-185
Comment mətur also means 'cut-off': mətura ʔəzn 'with cut-off ear'.
ACCEPTED Realization 17
Type Cognates
Language 1 Old English
Language 2 Ancient Greek
Lexeme 1 sceran
Lexeme 2 κρίνω
Meaning 1 cut off, shear
Direction
Meaning 2 to take a decision
Reference
Comment Cf. also the meaning of 'to divide' in the verb κρίνω LSJ 996
NEW Realization 18
Type Polysemy
Language Batsbi
Lexeme tiṭar
Meaning 1 to cut (tr.)
Direction
Meaning 2 to settle, to decide
Reference Mikeladze, Gigashvili 2012: 351
Comment
NEW Realization 19
Type Derivation
Language Serbian
Lexeme 1 лучити (lučiti)
Lexeme 2 одлучити (odlučiti)
Meaning 1 separate лучити стварно од привидног
'to separate the real from the apparent'
Direction
Meaning 2 to decide Sada su naučnicu odlučili da u potragu za životom na Marsu krenu uz pomoć metana
'Now the scientist has decided to start the search for life on Mars with the help of methane.'
Reference Vujanitsh et al. 2007: 659, 860 CLARIN.SI
Comment
NEW Realization 20
Type Derivation
Language Croatian
Lexeme 1 lučiti
Lexeme 2 odlučiti
Meaning 1 to cut (tr.)
Direction
Meaning 2 to decide

odlučivale su minute


'

the minutes decided

'
Reference HJP
Comment